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Hashirajima Army

Hashirajima Army
柱島国陸上軍隊

Hashirajima Army Flag
March:
"Eikō e no Yasen"
栄光への夜戦
"Night Battle to Glory"

Founded: November 1, 1952 - present
Country: Hashirajima
Type: Army
Size: 93,800 active personnel
Part of: Hashirajima Armed Forces
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief: Admiral Yamato
Minister of Defence: Admiral Kei Suwabe
Chief of General Staff: Marshal-Admiral Fubuki (Navy)
Chief of Army: General Munechika Miyoshi

The Hashirajima Army (陸上軍隊 Rikujō Guntai) is the main branch of the Hashirajima Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.

History



Special Naval Landing Forces

The Hashirajima Army originated as the Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF) of Kure Naval Base, a component of the marine troops of the Imperial Japanese Navy and a part of the IJN Land Forces. They saw extensive service in the Second Sino-Japanese War, as well as the Pacific theatre of World War II where they fought a retreating battle alongside IJA forces on the islands of the central Pacific.

Originally organised into 6 units (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th Kure SNLF), they were initially sailors who had basic infantry training and were employed in landings during the Russo-Japanese War and the Boxer Rebellion. Soon their training and equipment were improved upon drastically, and their forces were given a variety of other operations as well.

While originally only the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Yokosuka SNLF (of the Imperial Naval Province of Yokosuka) were trained as parachute units in WWII, Hashirajima had throughout the war saw the need for organic airborne capability, and several squads were trained to conduct such operations. These were later drawn out from their parent units after the war and reconstituted into the independent 4th Airborne Brigade, which became the Hashirajima Army's premier special forces unit.

Hashirajima Army

On November 1, 1952, after consideration for the enlarged size of the SNLF due to wartime operational requirements, it was decided that they would be detached from the Navy command structure, establishing the Hashirajima Army. A rudimentary headquarter structure was established, along with the new posts of the Chief of Army and the now-necessary Chief of General Staff. The Joint command staff was also established to support the operation of the two independent service branches.

Equipment


Organisation


The Hashirajima Army is commanded by the Chief of Army (currently Munechika Miyoshi), and organised into four Forward Operation Divisions and two Island Defence Divisions. Each include a mix of active and reserve units that are operationally ready, all subject to mobilization orders in the event of war. These are then deployed in four Army Regions, namely Seto Army Region in the west, Aki-nada Army Region in the east, Kurahashi Army Region in the north, and Yashiro Army Region in the south.

Notably, Kurahashi and Yashiro Army Regions are named for the road connections to Japan under their jurisdiction, the Kurahashi-Hashira Causeway and Yashiro-Hashira Bridge respectively. The other two Army Regions are named for the Inland Sea regions their respective coastlines face.

The HQ formations, which support the Army's overall operation and the role of the Chief of Army, consists of the Army Staff Office, Army Materials Command, Army Aviation, Army Military Police (MP) Command, Army Signals, and Army Intelligence.

Forward Operation Divisions

1st Division - Based in Seto Army Region

  • HQ 1st Division

  • 109th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 113th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 117th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 10th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 11th Armoured Brigade

  • 1st Division Artillery

    • 1st Division Air Defence Artillery Battalion

  • 1st Division Signal Battalion

  • 1st Division Engineers

  • 1st Division Support Command

3rd Division - Based in Aki-nada Army Region

  • HQ 3rd Division

  • 310th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 314th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 318th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 32th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 33th Armoured Brigade

  • 3rd Division Artillery

    • 3rd Division Air Defence Artillery Battalion

  • 3rd Division Signal Battalion

  • 3rd Division Engineers

  • 3rd Division Support Command

5th Division - Based in Kurahashi Army Region

  • HQ 5th Division

  • 511th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 515th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 519th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 54th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 55th Armoured Brigade

  • 5th Division Artillery

    • 5th Division Air Defence Artillery Battalion

  • 5th Division Signal Battalion

  • 5th Division Engineers

  • 5th Division Support Command

7th Division - Based in Yashiro Army Region

  • HQ 7th Division

  • 712th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 716th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 720th Amphibious Infantry Brigade

  • 76th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 77th Armoured Brigade

  • 7th Division Artillery

    • 7th Division Air Defence Artillery Battalion

  • 7th Division Signal Battalion

  • 7th Division Engineers

  • 7th Division Support Command

Island Defence Divisions

2nd Division - Based in Kurahashi Army Region

  • HQ 2nd Division

  • 221th Motorised Infantry Brigade

  • 223th Motorised Infantry Brigade

  • 222th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 224th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 28nd Armoured Brigade

  • 2nd Division Artillery

    • 2nd Division Air Defence Artillery Battalion

  • 2nd Division Signal Battalion

  • 2nd Division Engineers

  • 2nd Division Support Command

6th Division - Based in Yashiro Army Region

  • HQ 6th Division

  • 625th Motorised Infantry Brigade

  • 627th Motorised Infantry Brigade

  • 626th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 628th Mechanised Infantry Brigade

  • 69th Armoured Brigade

  • 6th Division Artillery

    • 6th Division Air Defence Artillery Battalion

  • 6th Division Signal Battalion

  • 6th Division Engineers

  • 6th Division Support Command

Non-divisional units

  • Army Materials Command

  • Army Aviation

  • Army Military Police (MP) Command

  • Army Intelligence

  • 4th Airborne Brigade (Attached to Seto Army Region command)

4th Division

It was noted by defence analysts that the Hashirajima Army and its predecessor had avoided using the number 4 in identifying military units due to cultural reasons. This trend was broken when the brigades were reorganised, after the first batch of post-war National Service recruits were taken in. Still, the number was notably skipped at division level.

When the 4th Airborne Brigade was constituted and assigned to the single division Seto Army Region, it was speculated that the brigade was earmarked as the core of a conceptualised dedicated special operations division, to make up the region into a two-division army region. Some analysts have taken to calling this hypothetical division the "4th Division". Beyond speculation, there is no indication that the division was ever constituted.

Ranks


Officers

NATO code

English

Japanese

OF-10

Marshal-general

元帥、陸軍大将
Gensui-rikugun-taishō

OF-9

General

陸軍大将
Rikugun-taishō

OF-8

Lieutenant general

陸軍中将
Rikugun-chūshō

OF-7

Major general

陸軍少将
Rikugun-shōshō

OF-5

Colonel

陸軍大佐
Rikugun-daisa

OF-4

Lieutenant colonel

陸軍中佐
Rikugun-chūsa

OF-3

Major

陸軍少佐
Rikugun-shōsa

OF-2

Captain

陸軍大尉
Rikugun-daii

OF-1

First lieutenant

陸軍中尉
Rikugun-chūi

OF-1

Second lieutenant

陸軍少尉
Rikugun-shōi

OF(D)

Officer cadet

陸軍少尉候補生
Rikugun shōi kōhosei

Non-commissioned officer

NATO code

English

Japanese

OR-9

Warrant officer

准尉
Jun-i

OR-7

Master sergeant

曹長
Sōchō

OR-6

Staff sergeant

上等兵曹
Jōtō-gunsō

OR-5

Sergeant

兵曹
Gunsō

Enlisted

NATO code

English

Japanese

OR-4

Corporal

伍長
Gochō

OR-3

Lance-Corporal

兵長
Heichō

OR-2

Private 1st Class

一等兵
Ittōhei

OR-1

Private

二等兵
Nitōhei

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