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Elykyellek National Factbook

The Republic of Elykyellek


Flag


Motto: "For the Strength of the People"



Map


Population: 86,670,000
-Density: 67.30/km²


Capital and Largest City: Kelley City


Official Language: English


Spoken Languages:
English
Yellekan
French
Spanish
Tagalog


Demonym: Yellekan

Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
- President: Eliza Kierke
- Vice President: Derek Torkel
- Speaker of the House: Annalise Johannas
- Chief Justice: Ola Roland


Legislature:
-Upper House: Senate
-Lower House: House of Representatives


Establishment: from United Kingdom and France
Independence: June 11, 1811


Land Area: 1,287,793km²
Water %: 6.6


GDP (nominal): $3.701 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: $42,713


Human Development Index (2014): .902


Currency: Yellekan Dollar


Time Zone: (UTC -11)


Drives on the: right


Internet TLD: .ey

Elykyellek


The Republic of Elykyellek is a federal republic island nation in the North Pacific Ocean. Directly to the north lies the Aleutian Islands of the U.S. State of Alaska, to the east is the U.S. and Canada, and to the west is Japan and Russia. Elykyellek covers 1,287,793 square kilometers and has has an estimated population of 86,670,000. Elykyellek comprises of five provinces: Kelley, Lund, Terrien, Sproull, and Conner-Hartman

Elykyellek maintains a social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens. It ranks highly in numerous comparisons of national performance, including quality of life, gender equality, LGBT rights, health, education, public transportation, and the environment.

Etymology

Elykyellek translates to 'good humanity" in the Yellekan language. The first use of Elykyellek as the name for the island was in the early 1200s

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Elykyellek is as a "Yellekan."

History

The first known inhabitants of Elykyellek were the Irhc, who first settled in northern parts of the island in about 2,000 BCE. The Irhc are believed to be descendants of those who crossed the Bering land bridge. Later inhabitants include the people of the Reh and Pots cultures, who settled in southern and central parts of the island in about 300 CE. The Reh and Pots are believed to be descendants of Austronesian peoples.

Norse vikings from Scandinavia landed on the northern coast of the island in about 1000 CE. What followed was 200 years of wars between the Norse, Irhc, Reh and Pots, which is known as the "Viking Invasion." By 1238 the Norse had conquered much of the island and Norse King Ragnvaldr forced the other rulers of the island, Reh King Nanco, Pots King Tela and Irhc Queen Ihtri, to sign the Treaty of Lund which unified the island under Norse control. King Ragnvaldr also took Queen Ihtri as his wife and they became the first rulers of the unified Kingdom of Elykyellek.

During the reign of King Helgi (1277-1328) the Acts of Inclusion were enacted. The Acts of Inclusion were created as a way to make the kingdom less divided and encouraged migration, commerce, and intermarrying between the Norse, Irhc, Pots and Reh. It was during this time that King Helgi tasked Jorgen Axelsson to explore Elykyellek and create a new language and religion. Axelsson traveled across the island for nearly fourteen years studying, learning and gathering stories from the people. The results of Axelsson‘s works were adopted as the Yellekan religion and language, both of which borrowed heavily from all four of the people’s cultures and languages. Over the next couple hundred years the Kingdom became a melting pot as the people and cultures of the Norse, Irhc, Reh and Pots merged.

In the early 1600s colonists from England, France and Spain arrived in Elykyellek. Throughout the 17th century the European colonies expanded their territories through a series of wars with the Kingdom of Elykyellek. In 1699 the Kingdom fell and the island was split into three territories: English Elykyellek, French Elykyellek and Spanish Elykyellek. As a result of the Seven Years' War (1754-1763), which pitted the English against the French and the Spanish, England seized control of Spanish Elykyellek.

The beginning of the 19th century saw radical social and political upheaval in the territories. Native Yellekans sought the return of the Kingdom of Elykyellek. While many colonist wanted to be free of European rule. These sentiments increased as the Napoleonic Wars spread to Elykyellek. On June 11, 1811 the Elykyellek Declaration of Independence was signed and the Yellekan Revolution began. The war ended in 1816 with the recognition of independence from both the United Kingdom and France. The Elykyellek Constitution was adopted on April 19, 1819 which officially formed the Republic of Elykyellek.

The "Progressive Era" began in the 1890s as large scale demonstrations were held across Elykyellek. Some topics of the day included political corruption, worker's rights, health, education, food standards, consumer protection and conservation. Famed author and composer Sigurd Stevenson became a figurehead for the Progressive Movement and was elected President in 1900. During Stevenson's presidency there were many significant government and societal reforms, including the expansion of the National Offices. Sigurd Stevenson is considered by many to be Elykellek's greatest President.

Elykyellek remained neutral during the First World War. During World War II, Japanese air raids over western cities of Elykyellek caused the nation to join the side of the Allies. After the war Elykyellek joined the United Nations. The "Bloom Years" is a catch-all term applied to the arts, fashion and cultural scene that flourished in Elykyellek in the 1950s and 1960s. The economic prosperity of the the 1950s and 1960s were followed by a major recession in the 1970s. The economy gradually recovered throughout the 1980s.

Geography

Elykyellek is an island situated in the North Pacific Ocean. The land area of Elykyellek is 1,287,793km². Elykyellek features many mountains (including volcanoes), rivers, lakes, forests and prairies. Elykyellek has five major mountain ranges. In the north there are the Irhc Mountains and the volcanic Norse Mountains, in the west there are the Pots Mountains, in the East there are the Eladnelg Mountains and in the South there are the Reh Mountains. The Reh Desert lies in the south and prairies exist in much of central Elykyellek. The Kao River is the biggest river and runs north to south through Elykyellek. The Forest North is the largest forest. The Norse Mountains feature the highest point in Elykyellek, Mount Valhalla, which has an elevation of 4,202 meters. The Reh Desert feature the lowest point in Elykyellek with an elevation of 74 meters below sea level.

Mount Valhalla, Elykyellek coastline, Prairies of Conner-Hartman, Reh Desert

Climate

Elykyellek has a wide range of climates.


Dfc - Subarctic
Cfb - Oceanic
Dfb - Warm summer continental
Dfa - Hot summer continental
Cfa - Humid subtropical
Csb - Mediterranean
BSk - Semi-arid
BWh - Subtropical desert

Environment

Due to the varying climates, Elykyellek has a diverse array of animal and plant life. The Office of the Environment is responsible for the protection, preservation, and conservation of environment. The Office runs the National Parks Service, the National Wildlife Group, as well as other regulatory agencies dedicated to the environment.

Demographics

Population

Age Group
0-5 years - 4.9%
5-17 years - 19.9%
18-24 years - 9.9%
25-44 years - 25.9%
45-64 years - 22.9%
65 years+ - 16.5%

Elykyellek has an estimated population of 86,670,000 and the population density is 67.30 people per km². The birth rate of Elykyellek is 12 per 1,000 and the population growth rate is less than 0.1%. The average life expectancy is 83 years old.

At the time of the Elykyellek Revolution the ethnic makeup of the island consisted of Native Yellekan (Norse, Irhc, Reh and Pots), English, French, German, Spanish, Filipino and Mexican. After the founding of the Republic the peoples of Elykyellek assimilated and united under a single identity. Today, about 90% of population are of mixed ancestry and refer to themselves simply as "Yellekan." There is a small immigrant population consisting of: Filipino (8%) and Other (2%).

Elykyellek has a significant LGBT population, with over 12% identifying as such.

Language

English is the official language of Elykyellek. Yellekan, French, Spanish, and Tagalog are mandatory languages taught in schools.

Religion

Before the "Viking Invasion," the Irhc, Reh, and Pots cultures adhered to their own folk religions. The Norse vikings brought Norse paganism to the island. After the Kingdom of Elykyellek was united, the Yellekan religion became the national religion. It was mixture of the Norse and folk religions. Christianization began after the European colonization of Elykyellek.

The Elykyellek Constitution guarantees the freedom of religion and establishes separation of church and state. The island was mostly Christian from the 1700s until the 1960s. Since the 1950s the number of people who identify as religious has been decreasing.

According to the last census the religions in Elykyellek are the following:

Protestans - 19%
Catholics - 12%
Other Christian - 1%
Buddhist - 1%
Jewish - 1%
Other - 2%
Nonreligious - 64%

Largest Cities

Rank

City

Metro area population

Province

Rank

City

Metro area population

Province

1

Kelley City

8,416,000

Kelley

11

Terrien City

1,985,000

Terrien

2

Wendale

6,399,000

Lund

12

Hohn

1,943,000

Sproull

3

Joshwood

5,884,000

Kelley

13

Sproull City

1,750,000

Sproull

4

Lund City

3,918,000

Lund

14

Franci

1,647,000

Terrien

5

Kayland

3,495,000

Kelley

15

Saint Kyleigh

1,332,000

Kelley

6

Crowser

2,653,000

Lund

16

Sallington

921,000

Sproull

7

New Richards

2,409,000

Kelley

17

Russell

892,000

Lund

8

Cannonsburgh

2,155,000

Terrien

18

Hoover

741,000

Kelley

9

Gray

2,057,000

Terrien

19

Goldie

688,000

Conner-Hartman

10

Deraley

1,997,000

Lund

20

Casper

643,000

Conner-Hartman

Kelley City

Wendale

Joshwood

Lund City

Kayland

Government and Politics


President Eliza Kierke

Elykyellek is a constitutional republic and representative democracy, in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law. The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Elykyellek Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. Citizens are subject to three levels of government: federal, province, and local.

The federal government is composed of three branches:

- Legislative: The bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, makes federal law and allocates federal funds. The Congress also has the power to impeach the President, the Ministers of the National Offices, as well as other Congress members, although impeachment is rare.

- Executive: The President appoints the Vice President, members of the Presidential Advisory Board, and the Ministers of the National Offices when there are vacancies. The President has the power to veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Congressional override). The President also oversees the National Offices.

- Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.

The House of Representatives has 99 voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the provinces by population every tenth year.

The Senate has 30 members with each province having six senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Senate seats are up for election every other year.

The President serves a four-year term and may be elected to the office no more than three times. The President is elected by popular vote.

The Supreme Court, has nine members who serve nine-year terms; one Supreme Court is elected every year by popular vote.

The responsibility of the National Offices is to carry out policy and run the organizations of their respective areas. The Ministers of the National Offices report directly to the President. The President appoints Ministers in the event of resignation, retirement or impeachment.

The National Offices include:

The Office of the Attorney General
The Office of Communications
The Office of Culture
The Office of Defense
The Office of Energy
The Office of the Environment
The Office of Food and Agriculture
The Office of Health
The Office of Human Rights
The Office of Industry
The Office of International Affairs
The Office of Justice
The Office of Sport
The Office of Transportation
The Office of the Treasury

Politics

Elykyellek operates under a multi-party system, with six major parties.

Current Party Standings

Senate
Progressive Party - 1
Liberal Democratic Party - 10
Labor Party - 5
Libertarian Party - 9
United Party - 4
Conservative Party - 1

House of Representatives
Progressive Party - 7
Liberal Democratic Party - 32
Labor Party - 13
Libertarian Party - 26
United Party - 17
Conservative Party - 4

The current president is Eliza Kierke, who has served since 2013. She is a member of the Liberal Democratic Party.

Foreign Relations and Military

Elykyellek's foreign policy is based on the principle of non-alignment in peacetime and neutrality in wartime. Elykyellek's government has pursued an independent course of nonalignment in times of peace so that neutrality would be possible in the event of war. Since the Yellekan Revolution, the only war Elykyellek has been involved in is World War II, after being attacked by Japan.

Elykyellek is a member of the World Assembly and has devoted particular attention to issues of disarmament, arms control, and nuclear nonproliferation. Elykyellek has involved itself significantly in international peace efforts, especially through the World Assembly, and in support to the Third World.

The Office of Defense is responsible for the peacetime operation of the armed forces of Elykyellek. The primary task of the office is to train and deploy peace support forces abroad, while maintaining the long-term ability to refocus on the defense of Elykyellek in the event of war. The armed forces are divided into the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The armed forces are entirely volunteer, but there is a clause in the Constitution calling for conscription in time of war.


Go Network train

Economy

Elykyellek's economy is similar to the Nordic model, which involves the combination of a free market economy with a welfare state. The nominal GDP is $3.701 trillion. Some of the largest drivers of the economy are entertainment, tourism, transportation, information technology and agriculture.

Transportation

About 65% of the population use public transportation on a daily basis. The Office of Transportation runs the Go Network, which is responsible for Elykyellek's public transportation system which includes rail, buses, and boats. Elykyellek has a network of over 2.2 million kilometers of paved roads, which are maintained by the Office of Transportation as well as various province and local organizations. Since 2010, all new automobiles sold in Elykyellek must be either hybrids or electric. The civil airline industry is a mix of private and public owned companies. There are 59 airports in Elykyellek that publicly owned.

Culture

Following the founding of the Republic, Yellekan culture blossomed with nationalist efforts to achieve an independent identity in the areas of literature, art and music. This continues today in the performing arts and as a result of government support for exhibitions, cultural projects and artwork. Recreation is very important to the citizens of Elykyellek. On weekends many flock to national parks, beaches, cinemas, concerts, plays, sporting events, restaurants and amusement parks.

Elykyellek is a progressive nation and has adopted legislation to support women's rights, LGBT rights and minority rights. Women have had the right to vote since the Elykyellek Constitution was adopted in 1819. Female participation in government is high with about 50% of the seats in government occupied by women. Also, 16 of the 30 presidents have been women including the first president of Elykyellek, Wendy Lee. Elykyellek has a very liberal stance towards homosexuality and same-sex marriage has been recognized since 1959.

Kelley City Performing Arts Center
Home of the Kelley City Symphonic Orchestra

Music

Elykyellek has a rich musical tradition. Some of the most popular genres are folk, rock, pop, punk, metal, jazz and classical. Traditional Yellekan music is played with harps, other stringed instruments, bells, flutes and usually includes choral accompaniment. Elykyellek is home to world-renowned symphonic orchestras such as the Kelley City Symphonic Orchestra and the Joshwood Philharmonic. Elykyellek also has a vibrant musical theater scene. The Elykyellek Music Awards (EMAs) are given out each year to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry. Some of the the most notable music artists and groups throughout Eylkyellek's history are Sigurd Stevenson, Joren Jonsen, The Breaks, The Panic Room, Ascension, Astrid Ha and Luanne Luen.

Literature

Some of the most popular genres of literature are Elykyellek are children's fiction, fantasy, folklore, historical, horror, mystery, poetry, science fiction and suspense. The earliest known writing in Elykyellek date back to the 1200s and are folklore and myths of the Old Yellekan religion. Comic books also are very popular in Elykyellek. The Yellekan Literature Awards are held each year to celebrate the best in Yellekan Literature. Some of the greatest works in Yellekan literature include Sigurd Stevenson's The Wasp and the Prairie Fire (1884), Christina Nottereo's Stars of a Fallen Fate (1922) and Abigail Kaiser's Stange Mercy (1955).

Cinema

Elykyellek has a lively film industry centered in Joshwood, which is responsible for the release of about 40-50 films a year. The people of Elykyellek are avid film watchers, with the average person going to the cinema about once a week. Animation, dramas, thrillers and science fiction make up a majority of the films that are released. The Academy of Yellekan Film holds an awards ceremony every year honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry. Rangvald Kriss' Blue (1939), Peter Saar's Give Up (1965), Freja Well's Lungs (1989), and Elaine Thompson's Youth (2005) are some of the films that are considered classics in Yellekan cinema.

Art

Yellekan sculptures made from wood and clay are among the oldest of the Yellekan arts, dating back to at least 200 CE. The oldest known figurative paintings are from about 800 CE. Art movements that were popular in Elykyellek in the 19th century include naturalism, gothic, impressionism, orientalism, symbolism and the arts and craft movement. During the 20th century, expressionism, art deco, modernism, surrealism, minimalism, pop art, retro art and kitsch were among the most popular art movements.

Media

The major television networks in Elykyellek are EBC Green, EBC Blue, EBC Red, Network 4, Globe and EBC News. EBC Green, EBC Blue, EBC Red and EBC News are run by the Office of Communications while Network 4 and Globe are commercial broadcasters. Most radio stations in Elykyellek are publicly funded, but there is a small number of commercial stations and with the exception of EBC Print, the newspaper industry is commercial.

Sport

The top professional sports leagues in Elykyellek are Elykyellek Association Football, the Elykyellek Baseball League, Hockey Elykyellek and the National Roller Derby Association. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball and track and field.

Holidays

Date

Name

January 1

New Year's Day

Variable

Lunar New Year

April 19

Constitution Day

May 1

Labor Day

June 11

Independence Day

July 25

Kingdom Day

2nd Monday in September

Voting Day

October 31

Halloween

December 25

Christmas Day

December 31

New Year's Eve

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