by Max Barry

Latest Forum Topics

Advertisement

The Ⓐnarchist ★ C☮mmune ⚑ of
Civil Rights Lovefest

Overview Factbook Policies People Government Economy Rank Trend Cards

2

Largest Cities

Please note: Population numbers are given for cohesive urban areas.

Rank

City

Population

Region

1

Rūrstat

5.1 million

Westfaoln/Riŋland

2

Hamborc

2.4 million

Nōrdalbingien/Nōrdeŋan

3

Brʉsel

2.0 million

Flānderen

4

Køle

1 841 780

Riŋland

5

Fraŋkfort

1 398 227

Hezn

6

Amsterdam

1 351 587

Holand

7

Dysldørp

1 220 000

Riŋland

8

Roterdam

1 015 215

Holand

9

Brēm

973 000

Nōrdeŋan

10

Hanōva

765 000

Ōstfāln

Rūrstat - Ruhr City

View of Lake Fø̄niks in Dyørpm

"Zeche Zollverein", a monument to Æse's industrial past

Landʃapspārk Nōrd at Dȳsbureś

Metro Hub at Æse Central Station

Ruhr City (Standard Sasson: Rūrstat [ˈʀuː.ɑ̯.stɑt]), also known as the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, and often referred to as "de Pot" ("the pot") is a polycentric city in Rhineland and Westphalia, Sassony. With a population density of 2,800/km² and a population of over 5 million, it is by far the largest city in Sassony, and fourth-largest in Europe. It developed from several large industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to the north. In the southwest, it borders the region of Berś. It is considered part of the larger Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area of more than 12 million people, which is among the largest in Europe.

From west to east, the region includes the previously independent cities of Dȳsbureś, Ōvahūs, Botrop, Mølm, Æse, Gelznkiærkŋ, Baukem, Riæklhūzn, Herne, Hāgŋ, and Dyørpm, as well as several smaller municipalities. Industry, infrastructure and important institutions are spread out rather evenly across this "city of cities", but the central district of Æse still forms the central hub. Urban administration is largely devolved to the individual districts and neighborhoods. The western Ruhr towns, such as Dȳsbureś and Æse, lie in Rhineland. The eastern part of Ruhr City, including Gelznkiærkŋ, Riæklhūzn, Baukem, and Dyørpm, are part of Westphalia. Since the 19th century, these districts have grown together into a large complex with a vast industrial and post-industrial landscape.

Rūrstat is located near the geographical center of Sassony. It spans across three of the four main language areas of the country. Dozens of minority languages are spoken within the city. Every corner of the country can be reached from Rūrstat within a few hours. Rūrstat is the only city with five stations within the maglev network. It is served by the largest statsnelbān network in the country, twenty-five metro lines forming the largest metro network in the world, dozens of light rail and bus lines, and millions of motor vehicles and bicycles.

Present-day Rūrstat was a relatively unremarkable, mostly rural area up until the 19th century. Dȳsbureś and Dyørpm were the largest cities with around 5000 inhabitants each. The area contained large iron and coal deposits. Coal had been mined in the area from at least the 13th century onwards. With the advent of the industrial revolution, hundreds of cokeries and factories sprang up all over the Ruhr area, accompanied by an exponential growth in population. The cities continued to grow for the next century. However, most natural resources were depleted by the 1960s, when the coal crisis and a period of recession set in for the Ruhr area. It lost much of its industry, many jobs and its superregional importance, as well as 20% of its population up until 2010.

In part due to this, the area went relatively unscathed by the revolution from 1968 onwards. There was a strong but mostly peaceful syndicalist movement growing in importance ever since the coal crisis. The eastern half of the Ruhr area joined the federation of East Angria along with Westphalia in late 1979. The western (Rhenish) side soon followed suit, and the groundwork for a new comprehensive anarchist federation of Sassony was laid. The hierarchical structures of the area's municipalities were disassembled and the free city of Rūrstat was officially unified in 1983.



Hamborc -Hamburg

Historic Spīkastat

Neighborhood center of the Anarchist Community at Ʃanznfēdl

Hamborc "Hōɣbān" Metro

Hamborc as seen from space

Hamborc [ˈhambɔɑːç], (English: Hamburg /ˈhæmbɜːrɡ/); also known as the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Standard Sasson: Frēe un Hanzestat Hamborc), is the second-largest city of Sassony as well as the capital of Nordalbingia, with a population of roughly 2.4 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across three of Sassony's lands and is home to more than 5 million people. Hamborc itself straddles the river Elv about 80km away from its mouth into the North Sea. Hamborc proper (Klēnhamborc) lies at the small river Alsta, which connects to the northern arm of the Elv within the urban core. The borough of Horborc lies on the southern shore of the Elv and thus not within Nordalbingia, but in North Angria. It is also quite close to the northern boundary of Eastphalia.

The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state, and one of Sassony's land capitals. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe.

Hamborc is home to Europe's second-largest port and to a wide range of industries. In media, the major regional broadcasting syndicate NZR, several printing and publishing coops and the newspapers De Spēgl and De Tīd are based in the city. Hamborc's inhabitants produce aircraft, watercraft, cosmetics, personal care and foods, among many other things. There are also large recycling plants for copper and other valuable materials in the city. In conjunction with two comparatively busy international airports, all of this makes Hamborc one of Sassony's most important alleys of commerce with the capitalist world.

The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It is one of the most livably cities in the world. The Spīkastat and Kontorhūsvedl were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015.

Hamborc is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the Elvfilarmonī and Frēhaitshal concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's Rēpabān is among the best-known European entertainment districts.

The local language is a very distinctive dialect of Low German. It was one of the primary influences for the Standard Sasson language, especially in terms of vocabulary. Hundreds of different languages are spoken within the city, and it is one of the most international and multicultural places in the country.

Both Horborc and Hamborc Central Station are connected to the vital north-south maglev line. The central station is also an important hub for regional railways. The city has an extensive and quite unique rapid transit system called Hōɣbān (elevated rail), which offers both mētro and statsnelbān services. The two different modes of transport partially use the same rail corridors, most of which are underground in the city center, but raised elsewhere. Hamborc has one of the largest tram networks in the world. The outer boroughs are also served by busses.

The urban core of Hamborc is dominated by anarchist organizations affiliated with the Anarchist Community. Due to the presence of global business and commerce around the harbor and airports, the Minarchists and Progressives hold sizeable influence as well.



Brysl -Brussels

"Mont des Arts" in the historic center

"Maneken Pis"

Free University of Brussels

Brysl Mētro

Brysl (French: Bruxelles, [bʁysɛl]; Flemish Low Franconian: Brʉsel, [ˈbrʊ̈səl] ), is the third largest city in Sassony, the largest city of the land of Flanders, and its de-facto capital. It comprises a few dozen self-managed districts, including the City of Brysl, which contains the historic downtown. Brysl lies near the Wallonian border in central Flanders. The urban area counts more than 2 million people, which makes it the largest in Western Sassony. It is also part of a large metropolitan area extending towards Ɣent, Antverp, and Lø̄ve, home to over 5 million people.

Brysl grew from a small rural settlement on the river Senne to become an important city-region in Europe. Since the end of the Second World War, it has been a major center for international politics and the home of numerous international organisations, politicians, diplomats and civil servants. Brysl has served as a neutral ground for international diplomacy between otherwise hostile factions, and is the most important political window of Sassony to the Western World. It is sometimes classified as an Alpha global city.

Historically Low Franconian-speaking, Brysl saw a language shift to French from the late 19th century onwards. When Flanders joined the federation of Sassony in 1978, its people rediscovered their local dialect of southern Brabantian Low Franconian, soon establishing the language as a staple of Sassony's media and culture. The city still has a huge portion of French and Walloon speakers. It is the capital of the Langues d'oïl speaker community within Sassony. Brysl is also increasingly becoming multilingual. Passive knowledge of Standard Sasson is widespread. English is spoken as a foreign language by nearly a third of the population and a large number of migrants and expatriates speak other languages.

Brysl is served by an airport at the northeastern fringe of the urban area. Brysl Central Station is the terminus of two major maglev train lines: the Holand-Līn, connecting it to the rest of Flanders and Holand in the north, and the Ōst-Vest-Līn, which terminates all the way at Maideborc in the east. Brysl has excellent public transport, consisting of six very busy metro lines, and one of the largest and densest tram networks in the country. The flat terrain also makes it well-suited for cycling and walking.

Politically, Brysl is dominated by the Progressives and the AFN. This is owed to its role as a meeting point for international conventions.



Køle - Cologne

City Center with Cologne Cathedral and Central Station

Køle Mētro

"Pelndrī-Arēna" Football Stadium

Bridge over the River Rhine

Cologne (English: /kəˈloʊn/; Standard Sasson: Køle [ˈkœlə], Ripuarian West Central German: [ˈkœ.ɫə]) is the largest city and capital of Rhineland (Riŋland) and the fourth most populated city in Sassony (after the Pot, Hamborc, and Brysl). It is located within the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region which is Sassony's largest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas. Cologne is about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southeast of the Free Territory's seventh largest city Dyzldorf, and 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Bon.

Cologne is located on both sides of the Rhine, in the heart of Rhineland. The closest other lands are Westphalia and Lothringia. The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kølnå Dōm) is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne and the center of the Catholic Christian faith within Sassony. The University of Cologne is one of Europe's oldest and largest universities.

Cologne was founded and established in Ubii territory in the 1st century AD as the Roman Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, the first word of which is the origin of its name. An alternative Latin name of the settlement is Augusta Ubiorum, after the Ubii. "Cologne", the French version of the city's name, has become standard in English as well. The city functioned as the capital of the Roman province of Germania Inferior and as the headquarters of the Roman military in the region until occupied by the Franks in 462. During the Middle Ages it flourished on one of the most important major trade routes between east and west in Europe. Cologne was one of the leading members of the Hanseatic League and one of the largest cities north of the Alps in medieval and Renaissance times. Prior to World War II the city had undergone several occupations by the French and also by the British (1918–1926). Cologne was one of the most heavily bombed cities in Germany during World War II, with the Royal Air Force (RAF) dropping 34,711 long tons (35,268 tonnes) of bombs on the city. The bombing reduced the population by 95%, mainly due to evacuation, and destroyed almost the entire city. With the intention of restoring as many historic buildings as possible, the successful postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape.

Cologne is a major cultural centre for the Rhineland and all of Sassony. It hosts more than 30 museums and hundreds of galleries. Exhibitions range from local ancient Roman archeological sites to contemporary graphics and sculpture. The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina. The city's northern district of Lēvakūze is home to one of the country's most succesful football clubs, SF Pelndrija Lēvakūze. Cologne is the capital of the West Central German-speaking community of Sassony, and its dialect of Køɫś Ripuarian is well-known throughout the country. The city is an important center of carnival culture. It is tied to the production and consumption of a unique style of beer, also called Køɫś.

Cologne is an important transport hub for the whole country. The maglev trains Riŋdāl-Līn and Ōst-Vest-Līn intersect at its central station. The station is also is served by the Rūrstat-Riŋland Statsnelbān network, and by many different land and regional trains. Cologne shares an airport and an extensive metro network with Bon in the south.



Fraŋkfort - Frankfurt

Skyline with financial and information technology offices

The "Roman" town hall

Statsnelbān Riŋ-Mã

Eblvai-Ekspres: psychedelic carnival cider tram

Fraŋkfort (English: Frankfurt, Frankfort), is a metropolis and the largest city in the Sasson land of Hezn and the fifth-largest city in Sassony. Fraŋkfort was a city state, the Free City of Fraŋkfort, for nearly five centuries, and was one of the most important cities of the Holy Roman Empire; it first lost its sovereignty in 1866.

In 2015, Fraŋkfort had a population of 1 398 227 within the urban area. The city is at the centre of the larger Frankfurt Rhine-Main (Fraŋkfort Riŋ-Mã) Metropolitan Region, which has a population of 5.5 million, southern Sassony's largest and most important metropolitan area. Frankfurt is culturally and ethnically diverse, with around half of the population, and a majority of young people, having a migration background. A quarter of the population are foreign nationals, including many expatriates.

Fraŋkfort is an alpha world city and a global hub for commerce, culture, education, tourism and transportation. It is the site of many global and European corporate headquarters. Fraŋkfort Airport is among the world's busiest. Fraŋkfort is the financial center of Sassony and the primary hub for financial, digital, technological and media exchange with the outside world. Automotive, technology and research, services, consulting, media and creative industries complement the economic base. Fraŋkfort's ZS-CIX is the world's largest internet exchange point. Mese Frankfurt is one of the world's largest trade fairs. Major fairs include the Fraŋkfort Book Fair, the world's largest book fair.

Fraŋkfort is home to influential educational institutions, including the Gø̄te University, the FFH, the FUMT, and many others. Its renowned cultural venues include the concert hall Alte Oper, Europe's largest English Theatre and many museums (e.g. the Museumsufer ensemble with Städel and Liebieghaus, Senckenberg Natural Museum, Goethe House), the Schirn art venue at the old town. Fraŋkfort's skyline is shaped by some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers. The city is also characterised by various green areas and parks, including the central Wallanlagen, the City Forest and two major botanical gardens, the Palmengarten and the University's Botanical Garden. In electronic music, Fraŋkfort has been a pioneering city since the 1980s, with many renowned DJs as well as clubs. In sports, the city is known as the home of the top tier football club Eintracht Fraŋkfort, the basketball club Fraŋkfort Skyliners, the Fraŋkfort Marathon and the venue of Ironman Germany.

Fraŋkfort speaks a southern variety of the Hessian dialects. These are similar to, but distinct from, the main languages of Rhineland and Lothringia. Knowledge of Standard Sasson is a little lower in the area than elsewhere, but knowledge of High German is higher. Since Fraŋkfort was an important center for the development of said language, many documents and place names are still written in High German. To add to the confusion, the city has a highly diverse population speaking hundreds of languages from all over the world.

Fraŋkfort has one of the largest and busiest airports in all of Sassony. It is also an important transit hub for the south of the country and beyond. Riŋdāl-Līn and Nōrd-Zø̄d-Līn of the vacuum train network meet here, with the latter also stopping at the airport. The city has an excellent metro and tram network. Many trams extend out into the metropolitan area, forming the Riŋ-Mã Ø̄valandbān-Net. This network, along with the statsnelbānen, provide excellent coverage for all of southern Hezn.



Amsterdam

Vreiheidsɣraxt

Community Center, previously the oldest stock exchange in the world

Amstedam Central Station

De Vålen partying district

Amsterdam (Low Franconian: [ɑmstərˈdɑm] Standard Sasson: [ɑm.stɑˈdɑm]) is the de facto capital and most populous city of anarchist Holand. Amsterdam has a population of 1 351 587 in the cohesive urban area. It is part of the Randstad metropolitan area, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, with a population of approximately 8 million.

Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river Amstel. Originating as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world during the Dutch Golden Age (17th century), a result of its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the city was the leading centre for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new neighbourhoods and suburbs were planned and built. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since the merger with the municipality of Sloten in 1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, the oldest historic part of the city lies in Sloten (9th century).

Despite being an anarchist community, Amsterdam is considered an alpha world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. The city is also the cultural and linguistic center of the Low Franconian-speaking parts of Sassony. Many important institutions have their headquarters there, and several of the country's most important cooperatives and syndicates are based in the city. The Port of Amsterdam to this day remains the third in the country, and the fifth largest seaport in Europe. Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza.

Amsterdam is the bicycle and tram capital of Sassony. It has a comparatively small metro network for a city of its size, but the excellent tram and cycling infrastructure more than make up for this. Amsterdam is also connected to two lines of the vacuum train network and to several S- and regional railway lines.

Amsterdam is not quite as economically or culturally important as the larger cities on this list, but it is still the first or the only Sasson city which foreign tourists ever visit. Amsterdam's main attractions, including its historic canals, the Reiksmuzeum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Vreje Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Anne Frank House, the Amsterdam Museum, its red-light district and its many recreational drug shops draw more than 5 million international visitors annually. The city is also well known for its nightlife and festival activity; several of its nightclubs (Melkweg, Paradiso) are among the world's most famous. It is also one of the world's most multicultural cities, with at least 177 nationalities represented.



Dysldørp - Dusseldorf

Council House of the Rhine-Ruhr area in Dysldørp

Wildlife Crossing or Park Bridge across the Rhine

Dysldørp Metro station

Nēɣe Tolhof area at night

Dysldørp (Standard Sasson, Low Franconian and Ripuarian:: [ˈdʏsl̩dœɐ̯p] (About this sound listen), also known internationally as Dusseldorf /ˈdʊsəldɔːrf/;), is the capital of the Nīdariŋ region, the second largest and second most important city of Riŋland, and the seventh largest city in Sassony. At the confluence of the Rhine and its tributary Dysl, the city lies sandwiched between Rūrstat to the north and Køle to the south. Dysldørp serves as the capital and central transport hub of the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area with the Køle/Bon urban area to its south and the Ruhr to its north. Most of the city lies on the right bank of the Rhine (as opposed to Cologne, whose city centre lies on the river's left bank). "Dørp" meaning "village", Dysldørp is the largest settlement with that suffix in the German-speaking area.

Mercer's 2012 Quality of Living survey ranked Dysldørp the sixth most livable city in the world. Dysldørp Airport is Germany's third-busiest airport after those of Frankfurt and Amsterdam, serving as the most important international airport for the inhabitants of the densely area. The city houses DYVAG, the most important light and urban rail manufacturer of the country. The city is served by Riŋdāl-Līn and Hanze-Līn on the vacuum train network. It also has one of the most dense, but also most confusing metro networks in the country.

Dysldørp is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs, and is headquarters to Sassony's information and communication technology industries. Messe Dysldørp organises nearly one fifth of premier trade shows. As second largest city of the Rhineland, Dysldørp holds Rhenish Carnival celebrations every year in February and March, the Dysldørp carnival celebrations being the third most popular in Sassony after those held in Køle and Mēnts.

There are 22 institutions of higher education in the city, like e.g. the city's main university Heinrich-Heine-Univerzitēt Dysldørp, the university of applied sciences (Hōɣʃōl Dysldørp), the academy of arts (Kunstakademī Dysldørp) (Joseph Beuys, Emanuel Leutze, August Macke, Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, and Andreas Gursky), and the university of music (Robert-Schumann-Muzīkhōɣʃōl Dysldørp). The city is also known for its pioneering influence on electronic/experimental music (Kraftwerk) and its Japanese community.

Dysldørp's dialect, despite being Low Franconian and related to the varieties of Holand, Batavia, and Flanders, also occupies the middle ground between the Low German of Rūrstat and the country's northeast, and the West Central German of Køle and the south. It can thus be easily understood by most of the country's major language communities.



Roterdam - Rotterdam

Historic Delfshaven

Aerial photograph of Roterdam container port

De Akers Metro station

Modern social ecology architecture in the city center

Roterdam or Rotadam (/ˈrɒtərdæm/, UK also /ˌrɒtərˈdæm/; Low Franconian: [ˌrɔtərˈdɑm]; Standard Sasson: [ˌʀɔ.tɑˈdɑm) is a city in the Sassony, southern Holand within the Riŋ–Mās–Sxelde river delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270, when a dam was constructed in the Rote river, after which people settled around it for safety. In 1340, Roterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland.

A major logistic and economic centre, Roterdam is Europe's largest port, and has a population of just over a million, the second-largest in Holand, just behind Amsterdam.

Roterdam is known for the Erasmus University, its riverside setting, lively cultural life, and maritime heritage. The near-complete destruction of the city centre in the World War II Rotterdam Blitz has resulted in a varied architectural landscape, including sky-scrapers (an uncommon sight in other Sasson cities) designed by renowned architects such as Rem Koolhaas, Piet Blom, and Ben van Berkel.

Roterdam's logistic success is based on its strategic location by the North Sea, at the mouth of the Niwe Mās channel leading into the Riŋ–Mās–Sxelde delta. The rivers Riŋ, Mās, and Sxelde give waterway access into the heart of Western Europe, including Rūrstat and the surrounding metropolitan area. The extensive distribution system including rail, roads, and waterways have earned Roterdam the nicknames "Gateway to Europe" and "Gateway to the World".

Roterdam is the most important stop on the Holand-Līn of the maglev train. It shares an extensive metro system with nearby Den Hāx and Leiden. The city itself also has an extensive network of tram lines and bicycle paths.

Roterdam and the surrounding areas speak South Hollandic and Zeelandic (Zēus) varieties of the Low Franconian language.



Brēm - Bremen

Town Square

Aerial photograph of the historic city center

Brēm Metro on an elevated section

Brēm Town Musicians Statue, the city's most famous landmark

Brēm or Bremen (English: /ˈbɹe͜ɪ.mən/; Standard Sasson: /ˈbʀeː.m̩/, colloquially also /bræːm/) is a Hanseatic city in central Sassony. It is the capital of North Angria, one of Sassony's twelve lands. As a commercial and industrial city with a major port on the River Verza, Brēm is part of the Brēm/Olnborc Metropolitan Region, with 2.4 million people. Brēm is the ninth most populous city in all of Sassony.

Brēm is a major cultural and economic hub in the northern regions of Germany. Brēm is home to dozens of historical galleries and museums, ranging from historical sculptures to major art museums, such as the Ø̄vazē-Muzeum Brēm. Brēm has a reputation as a working-class city and is politically dominated by the Free Communist and Syndicalist political factions. Brēm is home to a large number of multinational cooperatives and manufacturing centers. Four-time German football champions Vara Brēm are also based in the city.

Throughout their histories as Hanseatic cities and beyond, Brēm has had a friendly rivalry with nearby Hamborc. Brēm is some 60 km (37 mi) south of the mouth of the Verza on the North Sea in the city of Lēe, which continues to be a close economic and political cooperator. Brēm's dialect is very close to Standard Sasson, but lacks most of the Eastphalian influence of the standard language.

Brēm is served by the Hanze line of the maglev network, sitting between Hamborc and Rūrstat. Express regional trains connect it to Olnborc, Lēe, and Hanōva. Brēm has a huge metro network with partially regional service, similar to Hamborc's Hōɣbnān. The city also has a large tram and interurban network.



Hanōva - Hannover

New Town Hall

Historic city center

Hanōva Central Station

Krøpke, largest metro station in Hanōva

Hanōva Hannover (/ˈhænoʊvər, -nə-/; Standard Sasson: Hannover [hɑˈnoːːvɑ] ), on the River Laine, is the capital and largest city of the Sasson land Eastphalia, and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswīk-Lymborc (later described as the Elector of Hanover). At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Electorate was enlarged to become a Kingdom with Hanover as its capital.

With a population of 765 000, Hanōva is a major center of Sassony and the country's tenth largest city. Hanōva hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the Hanōva Fair and the CeBIT. Every year Hanover hosts the Ʃytnfest Hanōva, the world's largest marksmen's festival, and the Vīnmāndfest Hanōva. In 2000, Hanōva hosted the world fair Expo 2000. The Hanōva fairground, due to numerous extensions, especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world. Hanover is of countrywide importance because of its universities and medical school, its international airport and its large wildlife park. The city is also a major crossing point of maglev and conventional railway lines and highways, connecting European main lines in both the east-west (Berlin–Rūrstat) and north-south (Hamborc–Fraŋkfort etc.) directions. The city has a large network of S-bān, metro and interurban tram lines.

"Hanover" is the traditional English spelling. The Standard Sasson spelling "Hanōva" is becoming more popular in English; a common compromise form is "Hanova".

The local dialect of Hanōva is Eastphalian Low German - Calenbergian and North Eastphalian varieties. Both are very close to Standard Sasson. The political climate is dominated by the anarchist community.



Report