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Creslonia | Overview


REPUBLIC OF CRESLONIA
OVERVIEW


INDEX



The Republic of Creslonia


Flag



Emblem


Motto
Latin: "Libertas, Justitia, Prosperitas"
English: "Liberty, Justice, Prosperity"


Anthem
"Stand Defiant, Children of Creslonia!"



The Creslonian Isles


Location (Rough)


Capital Creslon City, East Island
Largest City Westport, Far-West Island


Official/National Languages
• English
• Creslonian Sign Language


Demonym
• Creslonian
• Cressie (informal)


Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• Prime Minister: Jack Wyodi
• Deputy Prime Minister: Abigail McGuire
• Speaker of the House: Hon. Graham Budd
• Chief Justice: Eli Collins


Legislature Unicameral Parliament


Colonization
• Portuguese Settled: 1428
• English Invaded: 12 February 1578

Independence From Britain
• Declared: 6 July 1784
• Attained: 3 October 1784,


Land Area
~85,000 km2


Elevation
• Highest Point: Mount Magma
• Lowest Point: West Island Plains


Population 4 million
Density 47.6 people per square km


GDP (nominal) $276.75 billion
GDP (nominal) per Capita $69,187.5


Gini Medium


HDI Very high


Currency Creslonian Dollar
• Symbol: $
• Abbreviation: CSD


Time Zone
• UTC: -2
• Observes Daylight Savings: No


Date Format dd/mm/yy


Driving Side Left


Calling Code +341


ISO 3166-1 Codes
• Alpha-2: CS
• Alpha-3: CSL
• Numeric: 141

Internet TLD .cs (formerly .ce)

The Republic of Creslonia is a sovereign island country in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean. The country geographically comprises 15 main landmasses - the East Island, the West Island, and the Northern Isles which contains 13 major islands and many smaller ones - and hundreds of smaller islands. Creslonia is situated some 1,421 kilometres (883 mi) southwest of the Basket Islands and roughly 1,600 km (994 mi) east of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. The nation is comprised of four provinces, only two of which share a single landmass (those in the West Island). Because of its distance from Europe, the Creslonian islands were discovered early during the Age of Discovery and were known as the North Atlantic Islands until independence was achieved. Creslonia has a population of 4 million and the most populated city is Westport, located in West Island.

Although no native population was discovered by the Portuguese when the islands were colonised in 1428, there are rocky caves in several small Northern Isles islands that some anthropologists believe may have been man-made. There are also multiple piles of rocks placed around Mount Magma that some historians believe may have been watchtowers. Whether they were built by a long-gone indigenous population or were simply undocumented colonial structures remains a major point of contention. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to discover the islands when a group of explores sailed north from the colony of the Azores. The islands were named the North Atlantic Islands, owing to their location. The Portuguese colony on the island was invaded by England in 1578. Unfair taxation, authoritative government, and the recent successful American Revolution spurred the inhabitants of the islands to start their own revolution in 1784, which was officially won on the 4th of October that same year. Creslonia remained neutral during World War 1 and kept its ports open to both sides. Ideological tension led to the Creslonian Civil War in 1938 that ended two years later. Creslonia again remained neutral for the Second World War and joined NATO during the Cold War and officially condemned communism and the Soviet Union in particular. Creslonia today is certainly not a superpower but has made several appearances on the world stage.

Creslonia is the world's second-oldest parliamentary republic, San Marino (301 AD) being the oldest. It is a representative democracy upheld by a constitution, simply known as the Creslonian Constitution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, and NATO. The Republic of Creslonia is a highly developed country. Its economy is primarily post-industrial, characterised by the dominance of services and information technology. Agriculture contributes a significant amount to the nation's GDP as well, although the country it is nowhere near as agrarian as it was before the 20th century. Creslonia is heavily reliant on trade and imports a considerable amount of products. Tourism contributes a fair amount, as foreigners flock to the islands to board whale and dolphin watching vessels. The countries ports are used by cruise ships and the temporarily disembarked tourists boost the economy even more.

The Republic of Creslonia ranks among the highest nations in several measures of socioeconomic performance, including human development and productivity per person. There is, however, considerable wealth inequality which has been decreasing thanks to the flat tax rate of 16%. The average annual income is $50,000 which results in a ballpark average of 32 billion dollars of tax revenue a year and leaves a ballpark average net income of $42,000 per person per annum.

Etymology


Creslonia is named after Gabriel Creslon, the nation's first prime minister. Creslon and several other prominent figures declared independence on the 6th of July 1784 and he himself led the revolution. Creslon and his associates were instrumental in establishing a democratic government that would 'represent all citizens equally and justly'.

Flag

The flag of the Republic of Creslonia - often referred to simply as the Creslonian flag - is the national flag of the Republic of Creslonia. It consists of a field of dark blue with a white circle in the centre with a thick dark brown outline. A white and black eight-pointed star is positioned in the middle of the circle. The flag was created when independence was declared on the 6th of July 1784.

The dark blue field represents the North Atlantic Ocean, which surrounds the country. The white circle symbolises justice and peace. The brown outline represents the nation's fertile soil. The four major cardinal directions of the star symbolise Creslonia's four provinces whilst the four smaller points symbolise how the nation projects itself internationally, whilst not overextending.

History


All present terrestrial mammals were introduced to the islands by their colonisers, except for the North Atlantic cave bat which is endemic to the country. Sea life and coastal birds such as gulls have been present on and around the islands for millennia.

Pre-colonisation

Whilst no indigenous population has been discovered on the islands, there are various locations that suggest that there might have been.

Caves in the small islands of the Northern Isles may be man-made or natural. The caves were only seriously investigated after independence. Anthropologists and speleologists have attempted to prove their respective side correct for decades. Most experts favour the natural explanation for the caves, which has more evidence supporting it. Piles of rocks located in the area surrounding Mount Magma have proven much more persuasive at convincing the public that there was, in fact, a native population on the island before Portuguese colonisation. Historians argue that the rocks are remnants of undocumented structures from the colonial era of the country's history that were destroyed by Mount Magma and never fully cleared because of their proximity to the volcano. However, many experts, as well as public figures, support the theory that the rocks are the remnants of watchtowers built by opposing indigenous tribes.



A cave in the Northern Isles.

The Creslonian Anthropology Society (CAS) is a non-profit community organisation that actively investigates the possibility of a native population and is Creslonia's leading body that specialises in the subject. In 1796, the CAS coined the word 'Cren' to refer to a speculated former native population. The word is a combination of 'Creslonian' and 'Natives'.

Portuguese Colonisation

In 1428, Portuguese explorers from the colony of Azores circumnavigated the islands and made landfall at a bay on the eastern coast of the East Island. They named the settlement 'A Baía', literally 'The Bay' and the islands 'Ilhas do Norte do Atlântico', translated as 'The North Atlantic Islands'.

The Portuguese established several more towns and smaller settlements on the East Island and brought over more settlers, soldiers, and livestock. Crop farming was particularly successful thanks to the fertile grasslands and livestock farming did just as well because of the flat open plains.

It was also around this time that Mount Magma (then known by the Portuguese as Monte Magma) erupted, spewing ash over the West Island and into the Atlantic Ocean. Because the volcano is located in the southwest part of West Island, there were very few casualties due to the fact that the Portuguese had not yet established a solid presence on the island. The volcano would remain dormant from then on.

English Invasion

On the 12th of February 1578, England invaded Ilhas do Norte do Atlântico. An assault fleet of just about a dozen warships landed roughly 2,000 soldiers at various areas along the coast of the East Island. The small Portuguese garrison was outnumbered more than 2-to-1 and did not expect an attack.

The English invaded the islands for two principal reasons. Firstly, Queen Elizebeth, I granted a patent for Humphrey Gilbert for discovery and overseas exploration, and Ilhas do Norte do Atlântico stood in the way of his route to the New World. Secondly, the English government foresaw the usefulness of the islands as a trading hub and a jumping-off point for voyages to the New World.

The first governor of the islands, Sir Henry Allerton, anglicised the names of the settlements and the islands themselves by mandating that only the English translations can be used. He also authorised expansion into West Island, which had been left uninhabited for decades following the explosion of Mount Magma. Fishing villages were built on certain islands in the Northern Isles, as well.



Creslonian revolutionary soldiers.

The North Atlantic Islands would act as a critical trade and military hub well into the 18th century.

Independence

By the late 1700s, the North Atlantic Islands' population was growing increasingly agitated towards their British rulers. IN an effort to pay for the American Revolution and their sovereign debt in general, the British government had levied taxes similar to those imposed on the Thirteen Colonies.

Because the North Atlantic Islands were much closer to Britain than America was, the islands had a large presence of soldiers, marines, and naval vessels. It was used as a supply station during the American revolution, dropping off wounded and prisoners whilst taking on food, water, and reinforcements. This insured that there was always a substantial military presence on the islands.

Fearing that the American Revolution would inspire the North Atlantic Islands to rebel, the governor of the islands at the time, Sir Wilbur Acton, imposed a series of authoritarian laws and policies. This angered the population and the 'Gang of Five' was formed. The Gang of Five was comprised of five prominent civilian leaders. They were:

  • Gabriel Creslon

  • Johnathan Barclay

  • Arthur Albert

  • Mary Albert

  • Eleanor Garrick

Gabriel Creslon led the group and was their military expert. He had studied strategy when he was attending university. Johnathan Barclay is most famous for writing the 'Revolutionary Song', which would later become the national anthem and he also advised Creslon. Arthur and Mary Albert were siblings. Arthur composed the tune for the national anthem and his sister helped garner support for their cause. Eleanor Garrick was the group's treasurer and logistics manager, who later became the first Secretary of Finance.

The Gang of Five declared independence of the 6th of July 1784, from Creslon's home which they were using as their meeting place. The Alberts rallied supporters and Garrick and her associates equipped them. Creslon, with Barclay as his right-hand man, would lead the Revolutionary forces, who called themselves the 'Creslonian Revolutionary Army'. Several major battles and many more minor skirmishes were fought all over the islands, but ultimately, it was the swift capture of The Bay in September that sealed the fate of Governor Acton.

Independence was officially attained on the third of October 1784. Creslon would become Creslonia's first Prime Minister. Johnathan would become the Secretary of Defence, Arthur the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Mary the Secretary of Internal Affairs, and Garrick the Secretary of Finance.

20th Century

Creslonia had managed to develop into a stable, capitalist first-world country during the 19th century and economic growth through trade continued into the early 20th century. The fact that Creslonia remained neutral during World War 1 also had the benefit of preserving the fit and able generation and the nation's economy. The country was relatively unaffected by The Great Depression, although the event did abruptly halt its growing economy and unemployment increased marginally.

However, the rise of Fascist states such as Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy stirred up political divisions within the Republic. The Creslonian Fascist Party (CFP) was created in 1937 and was led by Alexander Graham. Graham and his party supported the idea of a 'Creslonian Empire', that would see the territories in and around the North Atlantic Ocean incorporated into the country, with Graham as Emperor.



Provincial militia during the Civil War.

The CFP was a relatively minor party at first, but quickly garnered sympathisers and additional members. On the 23rd of March 1938, an incident involving CFP sympathisers and Creslonian Police in Westport resulted in an intense firefight. This is what started the Creslonian Civil War. The CFP would seize all of West Island as well as roughly half of the Northern Isles. However, the Creslonian government (at that time, National) led a counter-offensive in the Spring of 1939. The Creslonian government successfully managed to defend Creslon City during a seven-month long engagement between CFP forces advancing into the East Island and Creslonian government and Provincial Militia forces defending the East Island. The Northern Isles were quickly retaking by the Provincial Militia of the Northern Isles during the seven-month conflict on East Island. By the end of 1939, government forces were in control of the East Island and had shelled the CFP troops' cave strongholds in the Northern Isles into submission. The CFP would finally be defeated on the 14th of June 1940, when Alexander Graham committed suicide in Westport, the last remaining CFP stronghold.

The nation would spend the majority of World War 2 recovering from the Civil War. It officially condemned Fascism and announced that it would support the Allies by cutting off trade with the Axis Powers and allowing its ports to be used by the Allied nations free of charge. Although not directly involved in the Second World War, Creslonia would refurbish its Defence Force and construction of coastal defences along the eastern coast of East Island would commence late in 1940.

Contemporary History

Creslonia is a member of the United Nations. It has supported UN proposals that strengthen trade and international cooperation. It is also a member of NATO, the World Bank, the OECD, and the World Monetary Fund. Through these organisations, it has developed cordial relations with many nations across the globe. Its membership in financial institutions proved particularly useful in mitigating the effects of the 2008 economic recession.

In the present day, Creslonia remains a highly capitalist first-world country and is not involved in any wars or disputes.

Geography


The total land area is around 85,000 km2.

The East and West Islands are primarily flat and are separated by the Strait of Creslonia. The West Island is split in half by the West Island River. There are flat, grassy plains on both halves and the dormant volcano Mount Magma on the southwest tip of the island, called Magma Peninsula. The Northern Isles is comprised of dozens of islands, only 13 of which are inhabited and officially considered 'major'. The smaller, rocky islands are prominent tourist attractions because of their caves and lighthouses.

The climate is primarily oceanic. The weather is described as cold and moist, and rainstorms are not uncommon.

Wildlife

The only animals initially found on the islands by the Portuguese were birds and the North Atlantic cave bat. Livestock, including cattle, swine, and sheep were all brought over from Europe. Livestock farming complimented crop farming appreciably as both systems thrived with the fertile, open plains.

The national animal of the Republic of Creslonia is the seagull. The Creslonian National Park is situated in the middle of the West Island on both sides of the West Island River. It is protected by the Creslonian National Ranger Service and is managed by the Ministry of the Environment.

Demographics


Population

The Creslonian Statistics Commission estimated the country's population at 4 million as of 2019. The population grew steadily until the Civil War. A major population boom followed the conclusion of the Civil War and growth has steadied out to pre-Civil War rates. Immigration contributes marginally to population growth, with the island nation taking in 500 per annum (less than 0.3 percent of the population).

Caucasians make up 96% of the population, with Asians and Africans sharing the reaming 4%. Most of the population live in municipalities or small farming communities.

Largest Cities

Rank

City

Metro area population

Province

1

Westport

1,200,000

Far-West Island

2

Creslon City

1,000,000

East Island

3

Allerton

600,000

East Island

4

Morton

380,000

Near-West Island

5

Elmsworth

220,000

Near-West Island

6

Peyton

200,000

Far-West Island

7

Burton

140,000

East Island

8

Quinton

120,000

Far-West Island

9

Hayhurst

100,000

Near-West Island

10

Morley

12,000

Northern Isles

Westport

Creslon City

Quinton

Lighthouse in the Northern Isles

Language

English is the official and national language of Creslonia.

Religion

The Constitution of Creslonia guarantees freedom of religion and forbids Parliament from passing laws that respect its establishment.

Creslonia is a very secular country, with about 82% identifying as such. Christianity is the nation's largest religion.

Health

Healthcare in Creslonia is free and universal for children (under 18s) and those suffering from non-preventable afflictions. Yearly dental checkups for children are mandated by the government and mobile dental services will often travel from school to school.

Life expectancy in Creslonia is 80.9 years. The primary causes of death are heart attacks, coronary artery failure, cancer, and stroke. Cardiac arrests used to be a major cause of death, but the popularisation of Defibrillators and their Parliament-mandated stations in major public places has reduced cardiac arrests to their current, low level.

Education

Creslonian public education is managed by the Ministry of Education. In contrast to other countries with state schooling systems, Creslonian public education extends to the tertiary level. The Ministry of Education is also responsible for education in general, although it does not directly manage private schools. Religious education is banned.

Gabriel Creslon University is the nation's leading public tertiary institute. The University of Westport is one of the highest ranked in the world, as well. Creslonia has an adult literacy rate of 100%.

Government and Politics


The Republic of Creslonia is the world's second-oldest surviving parliamentary republic. It is a representative democracy. The government is regulated through a separation of powers system, as established by the Creslonian Constitution, the country's supreme legal document. Creslonia has been ranked within the three least corrupt countries multiple years in a row.

In the Creslonian unitary system, citizens are subject to two levels of government, central and local. The local governments administer municipalities, which are cities or an amalgamation of smaller towns. Citizens vote for a municipal mayor and electoral member of parliament every four years through the use of the second-round voting system. Citizens vote for a political party every four years during the General Election. The Creslonian Parliament is a proportional system. The Prime Minister can hold office for up to four 4-year terms and resides within The Box, the Parliament building. The Parliament building is sometimes called The Box to distinguish between the Executive and Legislative branches.

Jack Wyodi is the current Prime Minister (since 2004) and he is married to Sarah Wyodi. They have two young daughters.

The country is divided into four provinces for judicial and organisational purposes:

  • East Island

  • Near-West Island

  • Far-West Island

  • Northern Isles

The central government is composed of three branches:

  • Legislative: The unicameral Parliament passes laws, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment. Parliament also has the power to appoint and dismiss commission heads.

  • Executive: The Prime Minister is the commander-in-chief of the Defence Force and appoints members of the cabinet (with party approval) and administrators (at own discretion), who oversee the implementation of laws and policies.

  • Judicial: The Supreme Court, provincial high courts, appellate courts, and lower trial courts, whose judges are appointed by the Attorney General, with the approval of Parliament and the Minister of Justice.

Parliament is made up of 60 members of parliament, along with the leader and deputy leader of each party, bringing the total number of seats in parliament up to 64. There are two political parties in Creslonia, the centre-left Liberal and centre-right National. Currently, Liberal is in power under Prime Minister Jack Wyodi.

Voters are organised into municipalities. A municipality is either a city or a collection of smaller towns amalgamated to meet the population requirement. Residents of a municipality elect a mayor every four years and also vote using the two-round system for members of parliament that represent their ward. A ward is the smallest electoral division and there are multiple within a municipality. Members of parliament are often grouped by the province that their respective municipality (and thus ward) is located within. East Island has 20, Near-West Island has 16, Far-West Island has 18, and Northern Isles has 6.

Juduciary

The judicial system is comprised of four levels:

  • Municipal Courts: Lowest level courts used for basic trials. One in each municipality.

  • Courts of Appeal: Courts that are responsible for appealing rulings of the Municipal Courts. One in each municipality over a certain population.

  • Provincial High Courts: High-level local courts that are used for specialised trails of a severe manner (e.g. homicides) and also act as the next step up from a court of appeal when seeking an appeal.

  • Creslonian Supreme Court: Highest-level central court used for extremely specialised trails of extremely severe manner (e.g. conspiracy, crime leadership, treason) and cases that affect the Constitution of Creslonia. The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review and is also the highest appellate.

The Chief Justice is the nation's top judge and the Attorney-General is the head legal advisor for the prime minister and Parliament. The Minister of Justice is the head of the Ministry of Justice. Court Security is provided by the Creslonian National Bailiff Service.

Foreign Relations

The Republic of Creslonia has an established foreign relations structure and it is a member of the United Nations. It is also a member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, which has benefited the country both politically and economically.

It is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and has earned the respect of many other NATO members. Relations with other countries are largely positive.

Military

The Prime Minister holds the title of commander-in-chief of the Creslonian National Defence Force (CNDF). The Ministry of Defence is responsible for administering the CNDF and the Minister of Defence is its civilian leader. The Ministry of Defence is split into Directorates for each branch, led by civilian directors in conjunction with the military heads of each branch. The Creslonian National Defence Force is comprised of the Creslonian National Army, Creslonian National Navy, and Creslonian National Air Force, with the Head of the Defence Force being the military leader of all three branches. The Head of the Defence Force meets with the respective heads of the other branches as well, forming the Combined Arms Command. Creslonia does maintain a coast guard, the Creslonian National Coast Guard, although this is managed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and is not part of the CNDF.



Modern-day Creslonia soldier with
an LMG.

Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur during wartime through the Personnel Selection System. Conscription has occurred once, being implemented during the Creslonian Civil War and ending after World War 2. CNDF troops are not currently engaged in global conflicts but are present internationally for joint training and projection of power purposes.

The current budget of the Creslonian National Defence Force is 4%.

Law Enforcement


The Creslonian National Police (CNP) is the centralised police service for the Republic of Creslonia. The Ministry of Justice, headed by the Minister of Justice, is the government department responsible for enforcing the laws of the land and managing the courts. The Creslonian National Bailiff Service acts as security for the judiciary and the witness protection program.

Municipal sheriffs are a mixture between the community watch and council rangers that other nations employ. Municipal sheriffs are organised by each municipality's department of public safety (they have the same uniform, vehicles, and equipment, but different logos and patches). Municipal sheriffs are responsible for public security cameras (often mounted on street lights in high crime neighbourhoods), parking enforcement, littering enforcement, and security during community events.



A Municipal Sheriff with an
umarked car.

The Creslonian National Ranger Service is responsible for the protection of the Creslonian National Park and environmental protection in general (particularly the West Island River). It is administered by the Ministry of the Environment.

Crime in Creslonia is generally quite low and there is only an average of 42 murders per year. Incarceration rates are also fairly low, as the government places an emphasis on rehabilitation of convicts.

Economy


The Republic of Creslonia is a capitalist economy fueled by trade, investment, and tourism. Creslonia has a GDP of $276,750,000,000 with a per capita GDP of $69,187.5. 1 USD is equal to 1.35 CSD.

Domestically, the economy is propelled by crop and livestock farming, with contributions from the services and information technology sectors. The majority of goods are imported from other countries, with far less being exported by Creslonia. Income from trade tariffs and port use tariffs are a primary source of direct revenue, as well.

Creslonia's top three imports are:

• Vehicles
• Machinery
• Mineral fuels and oils

Creslonia's top three exports are:

• Services
• Arable products (cerals and pulses)
• Livestock products (meat, diary)

Infrastructure


Transportation

The Ministry of Transport is the government department responsible for transportation.

Personal transportation dominates Creslonia and operates on five principal highways. The H1 loops around West and East Islands, the H2 comes off the H1 and runs along the Strait of Creslonia through Burton before heading east and connecting back to the H1. The H3 comes off the H1 and connects the thirteen inhabited islands of the Northern Isles. The H4 essentially parallels the H2 but on the other side of the Strait, connecting the municipalities of Elmsworth and Morton directly, via Hayhurst. The H5 connects Quinton to Hayhurst through the National Park and goes across the West Island River. The H1, H2, and H4 are all dual carriageways, with collector lanes beginning and ending before and after the major cities, respectively.

Public transit is utilised almost as much as personal transport, with about 40% of the population using a mass transit system daily. The R1 is the largest railway in the country and loops around with the H1. The R2 parallels the H4. These railways transport both cargo and passengers. Trams are used in major cities, acting as a loop around each city's Central Business District (e.g. Creslon City's tram, which orbits its CBD, the same for Westport). Buses are used in all municipalities and bus is the only form of public transit that connects the Northern Isles. Cycling infrastructure is commonplace.



A parclo interchange along the H4,
just outside Hayhurst.

Air Creslonia is the national airline. All major airports are state-owned, and the busiest is Westport International Airport. Westport and Creslon City are the only municipalities in the country that have international airports - Westport International Airport and Creslon City International Airport, respectively. The Directorate of Transport Saftey is a directorate within the Ministry of Transport that is responsible for providing security at train stations, bus exchanges, and airports, and other transport hubs.

Energy

The Ministry of Energy is the government department responsible for energy.

The majority of Creslonian energy is renewable. Windpower accounts for 40%, geothermal from Magma Peninsula for 30%, the West Island River Hydroelectric Dam for 10%, and coal providing the remaining 20%. Nuclear energy has been banned by Parliament.

Water Supply and Sanitiation

Water supply and sanitation is the responsibility of each municipality's department of infrastructure and transport. Water supply and sanitation are overall very good.


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