by Max Barry

Latest Forum Topics

Ad From Max

Providence: The new novel by Max Barry, creator of NationStates

The Republic of
Capitalist Paradise

Overview Factbook Policies People Government Economy Rank Trend Cards

2

The Constitution of the Republic of Calsolato

Constitution of the Republic of Calsolato

The People of the Republic of Calsolato have formed and ordain this constitution to ensure rights and freedoms for all residents, enact justice and legislation, and establish a government. Everyone shall have the right to life and individual choice with opportunity.

Chapter I

All legislative powers shall be held in a Congress which will consist of a Legislative House and a Senate.

Congress shall be filled with members chosen every three years by the people of the Republic of Calsolato. Each member must be twenty-one years or older, be a citizen of the Republic of Calsolato, and must have been an inhabitant of the district they are representing for five or more years.

The Legislative House shall be responsible for all taxes, duties on imported goods, and the government’s budget and spending. The Senate shall be responsible for all laws and bills excluding the responsibilities held by the Legislative House.

The amount of representing senators shall be determined relative to the district's population. Each district shall have a minimum of one senator.

When vacancies happen in Congress, the head of state shall appoint a temporary member to Congress to fill the vacancy until re-election is commenced in the vacant district.
The Legislative House shall have three members per district and shall hold an election for the members every three years.

Congress shall have the power of impeachment.

The times and manner of elections shall be chosen by Congress, but voting places shall be chosen by districts with the responsibility of making sure every citizen within the district can vote.

All resolutions, vote, or bills passed by Congress shall be presented to the head of state, in which they can approve or veto the bill. If the head of state and Congress approve the bill, it shall be signed into law. If Congress has a two-thirds majority approving the proposal, the bill shall be signed into law without approval from the head of state.

The Legislative House shall have the power to lay any tariff, tax, impost, and any duty if such are imposed equally throughout the Republic of Calsolato.

Any government official can be impeached if found guilty of a felony or treason. If the majority of senators vote to impeach the head of state, it shall move to the Legislative House, in which they will review the charges and decide if the head of state has committed a crime and should be impeached for that crime. If two-thirds of House members vote to impeach the head of state, the head of state shall be impeached.

An election for members in the legislature shall proceed in this manner. A citizen of the Republic of Calsolato must vote for only one party. In each party, there shall be a primary candidate and a secondary candidate. The primary candidate shall be elected by achieving the most votes out of all other primary candidates. The secondary candidate shall be chosen in this fashion. The winning primary candidate shall award half of their votes to the secondary candidate, but this does not remove votes from the primary candidate. For losing parties, however, all of the primary candidates’ votes will be awarded to the secondary candidate. Then whoever has achieved the most votes out of all the secondary candidates wins.

Any party that has a single candidate running in an election shall be a primary candidate.

The Senate shall document each resolution, bill, and law and it shall be available for the public to view.

There shall be no law that approves a bill of attainder or ex post facto law.

Autocratic titles shall never be issued to someone in the Republic of Calsolato and no official shall except pay, title, or power from any foreign official.

Chapter II

All executive power shall be held in a head of state. The nation must hold an election for the position of head of state every three years.

The head of state must be a natural born citizen of the Republic of Calsolato, have no criminal record, be the age of twenty-one or older, and lived in the Republic of Calsolato for at least fifteen years to be eligible to run for the office of head of state.

The voting process for the head of state shall proceed in this manner. Every district shall have a set amount of elective points equal to the number of senators representing the district. The candidate that gets the majority of the votes in a district shall get all the elective points in the district awarded to them. The candidate that is awarded the most elective points shall become the head of state.

If elective points awarded to candidates are tied, then it goes to the Senate who shall vote among themselves. If the majority of senators vote for a candidate, then that candidate shall become head of state. The amount of elective points each district gets is equal to the number of senators representing the district.

If the head of state is unable to fulfill their duties, dies in office, resigns from office, or is removed from office, the speaker of the Senate shall act as head of state until the head of state can fulfill his duties or a new head of state is elected.

The head of state shall have the powers to make treaties, appoint ambassadors, and judges of the supreme court of Calsolato with three- fourths consent from the Senate.

Before taking the office of the head of state, the head of state elect must take this oath.” I do solemnly swear, that I will execute the office of head of state with devotion and allegiance and I shall remain loyal to the people of the Republic of Calsolato and the freedoms that they are given.”

Chapter III

All judicial powers shall be held in a supreme court, in which inferior courts will abide by the rulings of the supreme court of the Republic of Calsolato.

The supreme court shall host fifteen judges which shall decide the outcome of cases brought to the supreme court of Calsolato.

The judicial power shall decide cases with matters concerning the law, matters affecting government officials, except for impeachment, matters between districts, and cases affecting multiple districts.

In the trial of all crimes, except impeachment, it shall be settled by a jury, and be settled in the district where the crime was committed. When a crime is committed outside of any district, the case shall be settled wherever Congress decides it will be.

All courts within the Republic of Calsolato shall keep a journal of its proceedings unless it requires secrecy.

For a judge to be appointed, they must send an application to Congress which, with a two-thirds majority, may approve the application and that person will be appointed as a supreme court judge.

Every six years, Congress shall have the power to evict supreme court judges with a three-fourths majority vote from Congress and replace them with a new judge.

Chapter IV

No district within Calsolato shall have the power to secede from Calsolato

Any new district formed in the Republic of Calsolato shall be governed by the federal government, not another district or municipality.

All petty law shall be determined by district governments, all felonies, however, shall be determined by the federal government. All privileges and freedoms that are not defined in federal law shall be defined by district governments.

All districts shall not have any border checkpoints and citizens of the Republic of Calsolato shall have the ability to freely travel throughout districts.

All crimes committed inside of a district shall be handled in the courts of the district or municipality where the crime was committed.

Congress shall define borders for districts and municipalities.

All districts in the Republic of Calsolato shall be subject to all legislature and shall not infringe upon any rights given by the federal government.

No tax or duty shall be imposed on any product imported or exported between districts.

No district shall form their own military separate from the national military and shall not keep soldiers against the wishes of Congress and shall not enter into any alliance or treaty.

No district shall grant letters of marque and retaliation, pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, and shall not mint their own currency.

Chapter V

The Government shall have departments that hold authority over certain entities. Each entity described shall have its own department in which it functions.

Each department shall have a minister appointed from the branch of government that holds authority over that department.

The Legislative House shall hold authority over industry and trade, labor, district affairs, as well as the National Treasury.

The Senate shall hold authority over legislative affairs and district affairs

The Head of State shall hold authority over the military, foreign and homeland affairs, public services, education, health, transportation, housing and development, and national security.

The Judicial Branch shall hold authority over judicial affairs.

The Republic of Calsolato

Report