This article is is part of a series on the
Politics and Government of
Brutland and Norden
Reigning Monarch: King Kyle II
Nobility of Brutland and Norden
Orders and Decorations
Judiciary of Brutland and Norden
This is a list of political parties in Brutland and Norden.
The lower House of the Parliament of Brutland and Norden, the General Court, has a plural multiparty system, with two major parties, the Popular Party (PP) and the Social Democratic party (PDS). The country also has three minor parties: the Green Party (PV), the Communist Party (PC), and the Nationalist Party (PN).
Brutland and Norden’s first-past-the-post system, electoral laws, funding, and rules of parliament have traditionally favoured the growth of a two-party system. The first-past-the-post (FPTP) system eventually results in two large parties (Duverger’s principle). Electoral laws state that in order to get ballot access, a candidate must get a certain number of signatures of registered voters in the district: the requirement in higher for candidates without the support of a political party. Political parties can also access state funding if they get at least 5% of the vote in both provinces and in the country as a whole in the last general parliamentary election. This system, while it discourages regionalist parties that can be detrimental to the Union, also makes it difficult for smaller parties to access state funding (currently only the PP and PDS achieved this). And finally, the rules of the General Court states that the threshold for a caucus is 10 members, and the formation of a caucus is essential in order to get committee seats and more time allotments in parliamentary debates. The lack of caucus of smaller parties means that they wield less influence and soon shrink into irrelevancy in the next election.
Historically, these two large parties consist of one covering the centre-right and the other the centre-left. Smaller fringe and niche parties fill the gaps in between.
The first political party to be established in the country is the Christian Democratic Party (Partide Democraziellía C’hristiana, PDC), inspired by Catholic teachings and the new encyclical Rerum Novarum. At first, the PDC was a “cadre party”, formed by the members of the politically liberal but socially conservative majority in the Advisory General Court called by King Kyle the Fair in 1894. Its members were influential in drafting the present Constitution of the United Kingdom of Brutland and Norden. Eventually, the PDC became a “mass party”, with a strong and loyal popular base, youth organizations, and supportive societies (trade unions, confederations). The PDC covered the center-right, and appealed to a wide swath of the conservative electorate. It won the first parliamentary elections in 1900, and was generally considered to be the "natural governing party" of the kingdom.
Conversely, the Social Democratic Party (Partide Democraziellía Scaglia, PDS) started as a mass party. More successful in more the industrialized province of Norden, it eventually became a credible opposition party to the PDC, seeking and gaining the support of workers, farmers, and labourers. The PDS is currently the oldest continuously existing political party in the country (the PDC is defunct).
More radical workers on the leftist fringe, influenced by Karl Marx’ writings, formed the Communist Party (Partide Commonzossúa, PC) in 1899, the country’s second-oldest party and the only openly republican political party. It is strong in very leftist areas such as Nordville and mining areas in Norden. On the opposite side of the political spectrum, emerging from the rightist fringe is the Monarchist Party (Partide Stresa, PS), which advocated increased royal powers, if not an outright return to the absolute monarchy. The PS collapsed after being openly repudiated by King Chester II in 1925.
Jarn Spocchio, leader of the
Populist Party and architect
of the Nord-Brutlandese
The Nationalist Party (Partide Nazioneddíttúa, PN) emerged from the ashes of the PS, which branded itself as a modern rightist party loyal to the constitutional monarchy, placing itself to the right of the PDC. The PN remained in the sidelines until the 1950s, which a huge corruption scandal erupted. It shook the governing PDC to the core, which then fractured into splinter parties that disappeared out of existence, thanks to the FPTP. In its place rose the Populist Party (Partide Populossúa, PPop). At first an anti-corruption party by the charismatic salesman Jarn Spocchio, within two elections it emerged as the largest party, governing with the PDS to against a motley of small liberal to center-right parties. Holding the center and the center-right, the PPop stifled the growth of these small parties. The PPop-PDS coalition then established, nurtured, and entrenched the Christian-Democratic welfare state, which became the basis of the PPop’s consistent popularity. The main opposition at the time came from the PN on the right, which became a refuge for those against the PPop-PDS.
Eventually the PPop moved to the left, and rocked by scandals and increasingly poor management by Spocchio, the PPop-PDS coalition lost seats in the 1970s. The PN, however, did not provide a palatable alternative for many voters, being seen as too far on the right. Finally in 1973, seven small liberal, moderate, and conservative parties bound themselves together in the Pact of Dennville, in order to build a credible alternative to the PPop-PDS hegemony. The Dennland 19 List, Libertarian Party (liberal), Unionist Party, Center Party (moderate), Catholic Social Party, Conservative Party, and Refounded Christian Democratic Party (conservative) joined together to form the Popular Party (Partide Populoddía, PP). The PP easily won the 1974 elections in a landslide, pushing into the sidelines both the now-passé PPop (now without Spocchio at the helm) and the PN on the right. The PP won all elections in the 1980s and the 1990s, until 2004, when the PDS again won a majority of seats after a minor scandal involving the PP. However, PDS policies were very unpopular, and the Social Democrat government lost a vote of confidence in the General Court.
Today, there are four parties represented in the General Court. The PN lost its only seat in the General Court after its failed move to the center-right.
Popular Party of Brutland and Norden
Social Democratic Party of Brutland and Norden
Green Party of Brutland and Norden
Communist Party of Brutland and Norden
Tornessa di Carmolli