by Max Barry

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Communes of Brutland and Norden


Communes (Nord-Brutlandese: comuni) are the lowest level of local government for most of the country. Communes typically cover a settlement and the surrounding countryside. Currently, there are 15,009 communes in Brutland and Norden.


History

Communal government is uniform throughout the country, stemming from a decree by King Kyle the Fair in 1863, organizing the country into communes. Each commune is comprised of one or more cadastral locality (briole cadastra) based on the most recent cadastral survey, but a cadastral locality cannot be divided between communes.

Most of the communal boundaries from the 1863 law are still in place; creation of a new commune needs the approval of the government of the grant, the provincial government (or the federal government for the Union Territories), and the assent of the inhabitants of the new commune and the mother commune.

Classification


The 1863 decree also governs communal government. Communes are classified as cities (civito), towns (tonno), villages (villo), and hamlets (réinzo). Before 1888, the “promotion” of communes is purely dependent on royal pleasure. For example, a commune may petition the king for city status, which the king may grant or deny arbitrarily. In 1888, King Kyle the Fair reorganized the communal classification and abolished most distinctions between cities, towns, villages, and hamlets. The communal classification now depends on population, and differences are only on the governance. Promotion or demotion of communes are automatic and would only need the express recognition of the grant government.

Hamlets (Réinzu)
Hamlets are communes with populations less than five hundred, and are more numerous in Norden, where the countryside is lightly populated. Hamlets are governed by an elected mayor (cappino) and may be assisted by up to twelve assistants of his choosing. Hamlets do not have communal councils.

Five smallest hamlets by population

Rank

Hamlet

Grant

Population (SRD 2014)

Province

1

Capotacqua di Padania

Montesa

2

Brutland

2

San Trinitario di Bianco

Micchiolli

3

Brutland

3

Pontavista

Nevade

5

Brutland

4

Aschiara

Modica

7

Norden

5

Borgholmo

Valtemmira

9

Norden

Villages (Villu)
Villages have populations between 500 and 5,000. Aside from the mayor, villages are allowed to elect a twelve-member village council that would make ordinances and local laws.

Towns (Tonnu)
Towns have populations between 5,000 and 50,000. Towns elect a mayor and a 24-member town council that could make ordinances and local laws.

Services (water, utilities, garbage disposal, hospital, police coverage, fire coverage) are responsibilities of the grant government for hamlets, villages, and towns, though the communes are free to augment the services that the grants provide. Most towns opt to provide additional services of their own.

Cities (Civitu)
Cities have populations greater than 50,000, and are entitled to elect a mayor and a 36-member city council. The cities carry the primary responsibility for providing services for its citizens, with grant governments taking a secondary role. Large cities may be further subdivided into boroughs (citu) for more efficient local government.

In Brutland and the Union Territories, most large cities are still parts of grants and are governed by them. The exceptions are Brutland City (Brutland) and Kingsville (Union Territories), which function outside grants and are independent entities. In Norden, large cities may be detached from their parent grant and function as an independent city (civito despendenzecca). Nearby communes may be amalgamated in order to create the city. Norden has a dozen such cities: Vilònorda (Nordville), Campobasso (formerly of Soltera), Spadavecchia (formerly of Desantorica), Scaglietto (formerly of Onna), Forlicesena (formerly of Sceicce), Colfetta (formerly of Troia), Borgòrinna di Dennillia, Tratagnano (formerly of Tambione), Carpa (formerly of Fonzo), Viledenno (Dennville), Senzioffre and Borgònzamo (formerly of Trefini).

Five largest cities by population

Rank

City

Grant

Population (SRD 2014)

Province

1

Nordville (Vilònorda)

---

9,219,393

Norden

2

Kingsville (Vilòstresa)

---

8,029,303

Union Territories

3

Brutland City (Brutia)

---

4,568,797

Brutland

4

Dennville (Viledenno)

---

3,829,564

Norden

5

Campobasso

---

2,682,344

Norden

Exceptions


The names of some communes may be confusing. For example, Vilòstresa (translation: “village of monarchs”) is actually a city, while Réinzo Rinna, Terragnano (translation: “king’s hamlet”) is in reality a village. However, the name of the commune does not reflect its status.

There are only three exceptions in the 1888 communal reclassification. Borgòrinna di Trascara, the first royal capital of the Brute Kingdom, retained city status even though it qualifies only as a town. The same exception was granted for Strescivito di Padania (“King’s City of Padania”), the second royal capital. The third exception was the former city of Piscinadoro/Vilòstresa (the royal capital until the creation of Kingsville in 1940), which had only a population that was fit for a village.

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