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Complete Overview of the Great Blanji-Swadenian War (WIP)

The Great Blanji-Swadenian War

The Great Blanji-Swadenian War
(The War to End all Wars)
(Images from top left to bottom right):
Keepan Charge during the Battle of Brest (1917)
Wounded Casualties after the Second Battle of Paris (1918)
Blanji dreadnought BRN Jutland (1913)
French soldiers during the Battle of the Siene (1916)


Date:
1 September 1912 - 25 February 1919
Location:
Europe, Africa, India, Indochina, Oceania, North America, South America
Result:
Armistice; Treaty of Copenhagen


Belligerents
Berlin Pact
Central Powers


Commanders and Leaders
Vilhelm Buhl
Philip Van Doorn
Hans-Günther Zachery Goddard
Palle Berthelsen
Félix Wielemans
Lukas Ludo Pickle
Napoléon Tirole
Erwin Beck
Philippe Pétain
Prosper Poullet
Maxime Weygand
Charles Mangin
Alexander Von Kluck
Gérard Leman
Michael Clemmensen
Reinhard Scheer
Henning von Holtzendorff
Thomas Vilhelm Garde
Frederick III
Erich von Falkenhayn
Hussein Kamel
George I
Constantine I
Alexander I

Zeth Höglund
Ture Nerman
Hjalmar Branting
Allexandra Kollentai
Lars Tingsten
Arvid Lindman
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
Ronald Munro Ferguson
Douglas Haig
Ian Standish Hamilton
Aylmer Hunter-Weston
Glenn Friendly Sr.
Harold Carrington
George Milne
Julian Byng
Henry Wilson
Alan Beckett
John Jellicoe
Armand Fallières
Georges Clémenceau
Joseph Joffre
Joseph Gallieni
Ferdinand Foch
Robert Nivelle
Louis Franchet d'Espèrey
Émile Fayolle
Hubert Lyautey
Michel Maunoury


Strength
Federal Oligarchy of Blanjiland: 24,150,000
Blanji Congo: 3,000,000
Blanji Indo-China: 6,700,000
Blanji Burma: 4,000,000
Kingdom of Prussia: 14,000,000
Diarchy of Sparta: 13,000,000
Empire of Afgeristan: 20,000,000
Empire of the Bolivar: 18,000,000
Kingdom of Serbia: 1,000,000
Republic of Texas: 400,000
Kingdom of Afghanistan: 1,400,000
Total: 105,650,000
Socialist Republic of Swaden: 31,000,000
Keepo Republic: 17,900,000
Keepan India: 5,800,000
Keepan Hudson Bay Company: 460,000
Keepan Africa: 4,000,000
Keepan Australia and Medican Islands: 1,010,000
Keepan Indonesia: 2,000,000
French Republic: 20,120,000
French Alberta: 100,000
French West Africa: 700,000
Kingdom of Romania: 1,000,000
Grand Duchy of Ulm: 18,000,000
Papal States: 2,000,000
HRE Minor States: 1,690,000
Russian Empire: 44,000,000
Republic of Freedonia (later: United States): 2,700,000
Confederation of America: 3,200,000
Federation of California: 800,000
Republic of the Oregon: 100,000
Total: 156,580,000

Total: 262,500,000


Casualties and Losses
Federal Oligarchy of Blanjiland (including colonies): 15,000,000
Kingdom of Prussia: 5,000,000
Diarchy of Sparta: 3,000,000
Empire of Afgeristan: 2,000,000
Empire of the Bolivar: 1,500,000
Kingdom of Serbia: 300,000
Republic of Texas: 100,000
Kingdom of Afghanistan: 600,000
Socialist Republic of Swaden: 10,000,000
Keepo Republic (including colonies): 5,000,000
French Republic (including colonies): 8,000,000
HRE (total): 22,000,000
Kingdom of Romania: 250,000
Russian Empire: 30,000,000
American Nations: 1,600,000

Total: 103,750,000



The Great Blanji-Swadenian War was the ultimate escalation of rising tensions between Blanjiland and Swaden. In 1830, Swaden was occupied by the Keepo Republic and the Russian Empire after the Great Northern War ended in Swaden's defeat. In 1870, the Keepo Republic and Russian Empire removed their forces and liberated Swaden after forty years of brutal occupation. Over the following few decades, Swaden would prove itself a rising power once again on the world stage, after successfully installing a puppet regime in the Baltic Union in 1874, and again in 1881 with Swadenian forces attacking a Blanji merchant ship in the North Sea, embarrassing Blanjiland in front of the world stage. For this reason, in 1890, when the London Conference was held partitioning what was left of Africa, Blanjiland chose not to invite Swaden to the delegation. Things escalated once again when in 1910, a Communist Uprising seized control of Swaden, and a formal trade and travel ban placed on Blanjiland. This sparked a major international crisis, and in 1911, the Berlin Pact was signed between Blanjiland, Sparta, and Prussia in the name of international security. In 1912, a believed Swadenian spy assassinated prominent Blanji figure Leon du Belgique, and Blanjiland formally declaring war on 1 September 1912.


Pre-war preparation

The BAF, thanks to careful preparations by Leon du Belgique over the decade and a half prior, had several prepared strategies for over fourteen different scenarios. The two most famous of these plans were devised by Field Marshals Hans-Günther Zachary Goddard and Palle Berthelsen, both of whom were consultants from Van Doorn & Co, the largest mercenary guild at the time.


(Field Marshal Hans-Günther Zachary Goddard.)

Operation Kalmar

Operation Kalmar was devised in 1902 by Hans-Günther Zachary Goddard to give Blanjiland a decisive edge over Swaden in a potential conflict. The plan assumed the Keepo Republic and France would come to Swaden's aid ~1-4 months after the initial declaration, giving the BAF a window of 2-5 months to neutralize the Swadenians before the Central Powers could mobilize and ferry soldiers to the North.

Blanji forces would hold on the western border of Swaden, while an invasion force would push from the east, by Karlskrona.


(A visual of Operation Kalmar.)

Once the Swadenian forces in the East were in retreat, the forces in the West would pin the Swadenians still on the border, while the Eastern army moved to secure as much territory as possible. Once they met the Hjälmaren lake, the Eastern army would split into two forces, one pushing towards Stockholm and a second towards Oslo. Once Oslo was secured, both the Eastern and Western army would push to crush the encircled army on the Western Border. By this point, it is likely over two months have passed, and the army group would reorganize and dig in along the new front line. From now on, the BAF can continue to slowly advance, with most Swadenian industry captured and its army significantly crippled. If Blanjiland were to get to this stage, victory in the East was a certainty.

Operation Kalmar did not take into account the Western Front against the Keepo Republic and France, however. Instead of any grand offensives, Goddard assumed Blanjiland could hold against assaults from both powers simultaneously, thanks to the intricate defensive structures and emplacements erected at the time. What Goddard did not account for was Prime Oligarch Vilhelm Buhl's dismantling of the fortifications in 1909 to fund the Berlin-Brest Railroad (which took until late 1911 to complete).

Operation Cnut the Great


(Field Marshal Palle Berthelsen.)

With Operation Kalmar's catastrophic flaw now exacerbated by Buhl's action, in 1909 Palle Berthelsen was hired to produce a new winning strategy, with the focus being the Western Front instead.

Codenamed Cnut the Great (in reference to Danish King who led the North Sea Empire) for its grandiose and decisive nature, Berthelsen sent spies to France to locate any defense structures/plans and work around those. What these spies found was the Nivelle and Lyautey Lines, two country-spanning fort networks that planned to funnel Blanji forces in between the Allier and Saône Rivers, creating a massive salient that could lead to potential French counterattacks and encirclements in the future. Looking to not fall into this trap in the event of a war, Berthelsen called for Army Group France to consist of four times as much artillery in comparison to those in Swaden and the Keepo Republic. This additional artillery would be used to blast open the forts along the western half of the Border, which the later assault would be staged from.

As for the Keepo Republic, Cnut the Great focused more on defending the Island than any major maneuvers- at least, for the first year or so. Once the Keepan invasion attempt had halted, a massive counterattack would be used to paralyze the Keepans in a few swift assaults.


(A visual of Operation Cnut the Great.)

The first stage of the attack begins with a massive assault along the weakest point of the Nivelle Line, near Tours. Once the fort is breached, the rest of the army will lay siege to the rest of the border forts, pinning the French forces while the assault continues to push and divide the nation in half. Once the Spanish border is reached, a small detachment will keep the trapped Western forces occupied while the rest of the army group marches on Marseille.

As soon as the Keepan assault freezes, Berthelsen called for an immediate assault on Liverpool and Manchester, cutting the Keepo Republic in half. This would divide Keepan forces in Wales and Scotland, allowing the Island army group to crush the Keepans in quick succession. Once the Welsh pocket was dealt with, a final march on Edinburgh could begin. The simultaneous defeat of both France and the Keepo Republic would force the Central Powers to capitulate, allowing Blanjiland to finally turn its attention east.

This plan relied greatly on the assumption Blanjiland could hold against the Swadenians while the West was neutralized. Variations of the plan include an attack on Swaden similar to Operation Kalmar, however, these plans were rejected due to the manpower required to launch offensives on three fronts would have been far too high to realistically pull off.

Leon du Belgique pushed greatly for Vilhelm Buhl to support Cnut the Great as the official plan in the event of any war, but he Buhl remained skeptical. After du Belgique's death, Buhl signed off on Operation Kalmar, and hired a new strategist to establish an official defensive plan for the West.

The Leman Plan


(General Gérard Leman.)

Buhl brought along Gérard Leman to establish a new strategy for the West. Using the resources he had to work with, Leman decided that the defense of the British Isles would be realistically impossible. As such, only reserves would be deployed to delay the Keepan invasion, as the vast majority of the army was redeployed to Northern France. The combined forces of two army groups would be able to fend off any French invasion, giving Blanjiland time to establish a dedicated fort line. Two lines were established, the primary, border-spanning Pétain line, and the secondary Poullet Line.

The plan was extremely divisive in the Blanji High Command, with the BAF split between those who favored defending the British Isles, and those who understood its futility. Ultimately, Buhl signed off on the Leman Plan, but in an attempt to compromise, he chose to only redeploy 3/5 of the Islands army group.


(A visual of the Leman Plan.)


The Assassination of Leon Du Belgique


(Leon du Belgique.)

Leon Du Belgique, Secretary of the Cabinet, was found dead in his Copenhagen Estate on Friday, 26 July 1912. The incident made headlines worldwide the following day, with Prime Oligarch Vilhelm Buhl making a public statement the next day. Buhl was quick to accuse the Swadenian government of orchestrating the plot, as du Belgique was widely critical of the Communist regime that had overthrew the monarchy the previous year. Buhl promised decisive action, though the Parliament refused to sign off on any declaration of hostilities with Swaden.

Buhl's threats were not taken seriously by Stockholm, who believed the announcement was but a thinly veiled attempt to increase political popularity among voters (the Corporation League and the Republic Now Party had been locked into a coalition in the Cabinet for the past six years, greatly reducing Buhl's ability to pass legislation he wanted to), though with the recent legalization of socialist parties and unions a few years prior, most of Blanjiland was staunchly anti-war. After investigations started to suggest the assassin was indeed Swadenian, public opinion began to rapidly shift in favor of intervention.

It should be noted, however, that the investigation into du Belgique's death never definitively proved who the assassin was. After a poll in early August showed the majority of citizens were in favor of retribution against Swaden, Buhl quietly closed the investigation and began orchestrating the militarization of the Swadenian border. On 19 August, Buhl once again appealed to the Parliament to declare war on Swaden, but they once again refused.

After word of the vote reached the Keepo Republic, Prime Minister Ronald Munro Ferguson openly denounced Blanjiland, warning that any military action taken against Swaden would be met with Keepan action taken against Blanjiland. France, who also opposed Blanji jingoism, soon after gave a similar warning to Blanjiland. The Keepo Republic and France met in Liverpool on 23 August to renew the Auld Alliance.

Following the end of the 2nd Spartan-Bulgarian war on the 25 saw Romania asking for Keepan protection in the event of Spartan invasion. Russia, wary of the threat of Spartan presence on their border, also asked to sign defensive pacts with the Keepans and Romanians. This quadruple Alliance became known as the Central Powers internationally.

Frustrated by Parliament's efforts, Buhl proceeded to order the BAF to invade Swaden on 1 September, only after on 2 September did he request and get official approval to declare war on Swaden.

The war begins

Thanks to pre-emptively marching troops across the Swadenian border, Blanjiland initially made rapid gains as Swaden was simply unaware of the invasion. Skirmishes between the BAF and Swadenian garrisons in Kammarbo tipped off Revolutionary High Command, forcing them to scramble together a proper defensive force. Blanji troops made it as far as Norrköping by December of that year, though November was marked with exceptionally deadly fighting on behalf of both sides. By the end of Operation Kalmar, over 300,000 had died on the Swadenian front.

The success on the eastern border would prompt Blanji forces to enact stage two of Operation Kalmar, which involved mobilization along the western border. By the time the orders to attack were given, however, the Swadenian lines were well fortified and the Blanji assault was forcefully called off. What would become known as the Gothenburg Pocket would be a thorn in the side of Blanjiland for the rest of the war.

In January of 1913, Keepan forces had properly mobilized worldwide. They, along with the Russian Empire and the French Republic, declared war on Blanjiland. Keepan forces freely marched into Blanji territory, as what was left of the BAF's presence on the British Islands was fortified along the River Great Ouse, the River Nene, and the River Avon. Once the Keepans reached these defensive lines, they were met with machine-gun fire and heavy artillery bombardment. The garrison was finally crushed in March, with all Blanji forces evacuating in early April.

The moment France declared hostilities, Blanji artillery carpeted the entire border. Intended primarily to war off any potential invasion, the barrage also had the added benefit of damaging the Nivelle and Lyautey Lines, wasting time for the French.

French High Command saw this as evidence of an impending assault by Blanjiland, though the attack would never come. Fighting in France remained a standstill for most of the war, while the Balkans quickly took a far more aggressive form.

Spartan troops, with help from the Serbians, successfully marched up to and entrenched along the River Danube. The Spartans hastily set up defensive structures as the Russians poured into Romania and defend their borders. After the Serbians successfully fended off a Russian attack at Gruia, hubris got the best of them and they marched past the Danube to chase the fleeing Russians. The pursuit was seen as an all-out assault by the Spartans, who then ordered their forces to attack as well. Romania was quickly overrun, and its countryside would be an ever-flowing tide between Russian and Romanian forces against the Spartans and Serbians.

In May of 1913, Swadenian forces repelled the Blanji assault on Borensberg. This proved a pivotal point in the war, as Blanji High Command feared a potential Swadenian counterattack. At this moment, Blanjiland gave their forces the order to entrench.

Also in May, the entirety of the British Isles was under the control of the Keepans, who would hold onto the territory for the rest of the war. Using their superior navy, the Keepans blockaded Blanjiland across the North Sea and the English Channel, making Brest the only port where vital resources could flow. The Keepo Republic and France had agreed that the city needed to fall, however, with Blanjiland entrenching not only on the Swadenian front but also on the French front, they needed to act fast.

(An image of the Keepan North Sea Blockade.)

In order to buy Blanjiland more time, a Blanji-backed coup in Greater bolivar saw the Keepo Republic forced to turn their attention to the colonies.

Prussia, while officially in the Berlin Pact, was unable to assist in the war effort due to its membership in the Holy Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Emperor's strict policy of neutrality. In 1914, Prussia declared the Holy Roman Emperor illegitimate and declared war on the Grand Duchy of Ulm Reich. Prussian forces caught the Ulmian army off guard, and by August of 1914, Prussian troops were at the gates of Ulm itself.

Spartan Troops fared much worse against the Empire and were forced to retreat further into Spartan territory. Seeing an opportunity, the Ottoman Empire declared war on Sparta, securing the Aegean islands and the contended city of Constantinople by January 1915.

(Photograph of Blanji soldiers awaiting a French assault, First Battle of Paris, circa 1917.)

In order to save the Spartan Front, Blanjiland sent general Napoléon Tirole along with an elite force through neutral Poland. While Napoléon's forces safely made its way to Sparta, Poland saw this move a blatant attack on its sovereignty and declared war on Blanjiland in July 1915.

Poland was dealt with swiftly, however Blanjiland now saw itself with a massive front line with the Russians. Swadenian sympathizers in the Baltic Union agreed to declare war on Blanjiland that same month.

By early 1915, Blanjiland had started to suffer from an exponentially growing manpower shortage. The issue had first shown its head during the Sixth Battle of Borensberg, where gaps in the front line allowed Swaden to finally force Blanjiland to retreat to prevent encirclement. The problem only got worse when mercenary recruitment hit an all-time low in December 1914, and countless mercenary contracts were soon to expire. Talks about a draft soon began in the Cabinet but were shot down by Corporation League members before the option was seriously considered.

Oligarchs in Parliament quickly caught wind of the talks and rumors spread like wildfire, leading to representatives and owners of various Defense Contractors to panic and demand the Cabinet to never enact a draft. As the months went by, however, it had become increasingly harder to keep the front lines staffed as horrors of the war began to reach the civilian population.

In May 1915, Buhl once again re-opened talks of a draft, but kept all discussions totally secret and only with whom he trusted not to blow the whistle. By June, all but two of the Cabinet members were in favor of a draft, including Philip Van Doorn (who owned the largest mercenary guild in Blanjiland), giving Buhl the confidence to hold publically declare a draft.

The plan backfired.

A coalition of several smaller mercenary guilds who feared their contracts would be usurped by untrained draftees scrambled to form a small army and marched on Herning the day after the announcement. They demanded the Cabinet rescind the draft, but Buhl held his ground. Immediately following this, the mercenaries opened fire on the Cabinet but were subdued by local police and one of Van Doorn's personal armies.

Most of the individuals involved in the failed coup were arrested and later tried for treason, but at least 20 had escaped, fleeing to Amsterdam. There, a larger force had gathered, upwards of forty thousand strong. The mercenary revolt was led by Alphonse Jacques de Dixmude, owner of the fifth-largest mercenary guild in Blanjiland, the Zeeland Institute of Defense.


(Rebel Alphonse Jacques de Dixmude.)

The rebels were reinforced by disgruntled civilians who refused to comply with the Draft, further bolstering their numbers to nearly one hundred thousand strong. Word of the rebellion spread to the Keepo Republic thanks to the intricate spy network they had established, with munitions and volunteers supplied covertly while Blanji loyalists mustered their own force to crush the rebellion.

With little to no choice left, a large portion of Blanji forces stationed in France was redeployed to Holland, backed up with Prussian volunteers. The city was blockaded, and local police skirmished in the streets until the army arrived a week and a half later.

The siege of Amsterdam only lasted two months, with most of the civilian forces surrendering after initial engagements and mercenary rebels either utterly crushed or bribed into defecting. Despite the rather short siege, over forty thousand had died, with an additional thirty thousand wounded, and the city left in ruin thanks to the heavy artillery used by the Prussians. Keepan agents also worked to sabotage as much infrastructure as possible when defeat looked inevitable before a fleet came to lift the blockade and ferry away any operatives or rebels still standing.

(Photograph of the aftermath of the Siege of Amsterdam, circa 1915.)

Thankfully for Blanjiland, the Siege of Amsterdam was perceived as a show of force and convinced many potential draft dodgers to back down from resisting, and the manpower shortages that were plaguing Blanjilnand quickly became a non-issue from then on. The relief, however, was not seen until late 1915, as the BAF worked tirelessly to train millions of green civilians to the same level of expertise as the mercenaries that had previously made up the army since the War of the Coalition.

Becoming more and more boxed in, Blanjiland made one final desperate attempt to turn the war back in Blanji favor. Yet another group of Blanji spies backed a radical Islamic group in Afgeristan, hoping the nation would rise up in jihad against the Ottomans and the French. The plan worked, and Afgeristan declared war on the Ottomans and French in June of 1916. With Afgeristani help, Sparta quickly eliminated the Ottomans from the war and was able to block Keepan access to the Mediterranian, with Afgeristani forces seizing the Gibraltar strait later that year. Sparta reorganized, and prepared for an offensive against the Russians.

Prussia was finally able to enforce their demands after Ulm fell in autumn 1916, and Prussia could officially join the war efforts.

The Blanji and Spartan general staffs coordinated an offensive against Russia, and by November 1916 Blanji Forces were only twenty kilometers from Moscow.

This sparked a major outcry in Russia, and in 1917, riots soon enveloped the nation in a full-scale civil war. Russian forces unconditionally surrendered to Blanjiland and Sparta, and now they could finally turn their attention back to the West.

By 1917, the fronts against France and Swaden had hardly changed since 1913. This would soon change. In May 1917, a Keepan invasion force landed in the ports of Brest, taking the city by storm. Blanjiland was forced to retreat to cover the gaps, soon making Paris a front-line city.

The Swadenians also had a trick up their sleeve. In the midst of the fighting on the Eastern Front, Swaden was busy developing a new weapon to break the stalemate that plagued their homeland. During the Tenth Battle of Norrköping, Swaden deployed the first models of what would become known as the tank. Blanji forces were utterly horrified by this new weapon of war and soon found themselves in a rout. This break in the line saw Blanjiland make a desperate attempt to stop the rapid gains on both the French and Swadenian fronts - the deployment of chemical weapons.

Blanjiland would soon develop their own tanks by October 1917 and would see combat during the third battle of Paris, where they would have the same effect on the French and Keepans as the Swadenian tanks had on the Blanjis.

The use of chemical weapons did not go unnoticed by the international community, however, and in 1918 a coalition led by the United States all declared war on the members of the Berlin Pact in February 1918. With tens of millions dead, the Blanji people were starting to demand an end to the war.

By August 1918, Greater bolivar had capitulated to coalition forces and the Keepo Republic liberated the Gibraltar Strait.. In September, Sparta would be forced to surrender after the cities of Sparta, Athens, Constantinople, and Thessaloniki were terror bombed and gassed by Keepan forces. Afgeristan conditionally surrendered afterward, fearing a Keepan invasion was imminent.

Ulm Reich declared war yet again, storming Frankfurt as Prussian forces were fighting in France. With their allies gone and their colonies occupied, Blanjiland agreed to an armistice on February 25, 1919, ending the Great Blanji-Swadenian War.

Peace Conferences were held in Copenhagen, resulting in the following territorial changes:

Blanjiland would cede all colonies in Indonesia to the Keepo Republic, as well as all African territories south and east of the Zambezi. The exception was Madagascar, as it would be transferred to France and the territories of Angola and Mozambique gave to Portugal. Southern Britain would be occupied by the Keepo Republic until 1939, where Blanjiland and the Keepo Republic can finally redraft the borders of the British Isles. Paris would be considered a free city, independent of Blanjiland or France and run by the international organization founded with the signing of the Treaty of Copenhagen, the League of Nations. The Island of Gotland would also be under Swadenian occupation for the foreseeable future until an agreement could be made between the two powers. Blanjiland would also be forced to demilitarize Scania, Jutland and Northern France and be limited to an army no greater than two hundred thousand active soldiers at once. The Blanji Navy would be disbanded, and Blanjiland would pay reparations worth 540 billion Blanjs in current day currency to the Keepo Republic and Swaden.

The Kingdom of Sparta would be forced to recognize the Yugoslavian Federation and the Kingdom of Romania as independent states, as well as the demilitarization of the Bulgarian Province. The Bulgarian Province would also be given self-governance and autonomy from the Spartan government, however still under Spartan jurisdiction. Sparta would also pay war reparations to the Ottomans, worth roughly 182.93 billion Blanjs in current day currency.

The Empire of Greater bolivar dissolved into the Republics of Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama, and Bolivia.

The Empire of Afgeristan would secede Northern Algeria and Syria to France, and the establishment of the North African Trade Company.

The Kingdom of Prussia would lose its electorate status in the Holy Roman Empire, as well pay war reparations worth roughly 25 billion Blanjs in current day currency to the Grand Duchy of Ulm Reich.

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