Republik Negarakita (Sanggaric)
Flag and National Emblem
Motto: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti
Capital: Negarakita (city-state)
Largest Sector: Candrapura
Official Languages: English, Sanggaric, Cantonosian
Government: Presidential Republic
- President: Fitri Masrallah
- Vice President: Yusuf Kajim
- Speaker of the House: Safraz Ali
- Chief Justice: Kalima Mustaqim
- Upper House: The Republican Senate
Establishment: from Ainslie
Land Area: 2,154 km²
Water Area: 2,154 km²
Water %: negligible
Highest Point: 498 m (Mount Nagahijau)
Lowest Point: 0 m (Southern Sea)
GDP (nominal): $77.8 Billion USD
GDP (nominal) per capita: $29,927 USD
Human Development Index: 0.873
Currency: Negarakitan Dollar (NGD)
Time Zone: UTC-12
Date Format : DD/MM/YYYY
Drives on the: Left
Calling code: +389
Internet TLD: .ng
Negarakita, officially the Republic of Negarakita (Malay: Republik Negarakita), often referred to as the "Tiger City", the "Market City" or as the "Jade Pearl of the Orient", is a sovereign city-state in the Western Isles. It is bordered on the northwest by Samudera, on the southeast by Cantonos, on the north by Eterna Sea and on the south by Southern Sea. Negarakita covers 2,154 square kilometres and has an estimated population of 2,601,486. Negarakita comprises of seventeen administrative districts and two territories.
Negarakita is chain of volcanic islands in the STRAITNAME. Its history always been influenced by spices, notably Keemasan, that only grows in this island. The island started out as a trade base, owing to its strategic location in the trade routes and the spices harvest. The 1674 eruption of Mount Nagahijau wiped the island from life for the next fifty years. Islam soon arrived in the island from Samudera, and becomes part of it for the remainder of the centuries. With the admission of Samudera to the Ahnslen confederation, the island seceded from Samudera and declared independence. It didn't last long enough, before Cantonos invade it in attempt to secure the lucrative spice trades. Negarakita declared its own independence in 1952, and remained an important trade hub in the immediate area.
Today Negarakita is renowned as a tiger economy, with a policy of openness to investment and free trade resulting in large growth. Businesses face few restrictions and labour laws are regarded as some of the most loose in the region. Despite this, the nation maintains moderate taxes on land and inheritance, resulting in a moderately well developed public health sector and social welfare program. Negarakita is described as a flawed democracy, as though freedoms of speech and democratic process are guaranteed in the constitution corruption is widespread and often results in rigged elections. Due to its small size, Negarakita is often influenced by more powerful neighbours such as Samudera and Dormill and Stiura.
The name Negarakita means “Our Nation” in Sanggaric, the majority language in Negarakita. The name came from president Ali Serang's "Three principles" speech, in which he set out the basic platform of the independence movement. Before this time, the land had been refered to as "Ahslen Kepan" based upon the old sultanate. Ali used the name "Negara Kita" (English : Our Nation) as a way to give his movement more support. While he intended the nation to be called Mentira on independence, political cadres utilised Negara Kita as a powerful slogan and upon independence the name was unanimously chosen to represent the fledgling state.
The standard way to refer to a citizen of Negarakita is as a "Negarakitan".
The island chain that makes up Negarakita was first settled in 5 AD by Ipachi people from the Gael mainland. They settled all over the island, cultivating sugarcane and spices, both endemic and those brought from the mainland. Goats and rice were also cultivated, and an agricultural serf society arose. The first of these civilisations was the Cho-Ka kingdom which was founded by King Haesin the Wise in 20 AD. There are large archeological remains from this era, showing that the Cho-Ka had bronze tools and were experts at working clay to make colourful pottery. The Cho-Ka were also expert sailors and traded throughout the eterna sea, spreading word of an island rich in rare spices. They developed a script known as Sahir, an abiguida which was used to write several books of law and religious tales.
The Haesinid dynasty lasted until the third century AD, when the elderly king Johang died after a reign that had brought great wealth to the kingdom. His son Dhahaja inherited the throne and quickly squandered the treasury on his alcoholism and depraved orgies with both sexes. To maintain his avarice he raised the state taxes to exorbitant levels, sending cruel soldiers to round up peasants who would not pay their taxes and executing them by skinning them alive in the town squares. His stepson Haesinrua and his wife Shala, who were secretly lovers, began conspiring behind his back, hoping to take the throne for themselves. They rallied a group of royal guards and stormed the castle. Dhahaja, realising he was finished, killed himself by drinking poison. Haesinrua and Shala declared themselves the rulers, but due to their incestuous relationship they were disliked by the people. Tumrin, a young Ipachi nobleman, led an army composed of peasant levies and royal army deserters towards the capital. Another faction was led by a monk known as the Sea’s Illuminator, who inspired a similar army. The two rebel forces met the royal army at Heľonh, modern day Nagahijau. Here the rebels began fighting each other and were annihilated by the royal army, with the heads of the pretenders paraded back to Gawai in shame. The Shalanid dynasty was founded.
This dynasty lasted until the advent of the Khas-Kirati Empire, when forces under NAME invaded the isles and defeated the Ipachi fleet. They were advancing on Gawai, when suddenly a typhoon destroyed their ships and left them stranded on the mainland. They ruled the area as a hangate for around 50 years, before moving on due to pressure from Gawai based pirates. The Gawai ipachi were by now very different from their predecessors, now living an almost entirely sea based lifestyle. They repopulated the islands and formed an oligarchical quasi-republic ruled over by several mercantile families. Trade began with almost every corner of the isles, bringing the Gawai state into the international eye. Nations began plotting their domination of the islands to take advantage of their spices, in particular the endemic spice keemasan which was highly sought after. In DATE, Atnaian ships under the NAME company arrived in modern day Port Gantra to trade. Atnaian soldiers established a garrison, nominally to protect their ships, which in reality cemented their dominance over the Negarakitan spice trade. In 1530, in response to unfair trade restrictions by the Atnaians, the Negarakitan population rose up in a revolt. It seemed successful at first, expelling the Atnaians to their ships, but Atnaian reinforcements arrived and crushed the revolt. Gawai was formally annexed by the Atnaian Empire in 1531. They superseded the local authorities and began settling the islands, bringing in lots of money through trade.
In the early 1670s mount Nagahijau began letting off steam and gasses. This was deemed to be an open from the gods, but the government was too inefficient to make any moves and did not see a threat. On the morning of the twelfth of may 1674, Nagahijau erupted in an enormous eruption that blanketed the surrounding area in ash. The eruption blasted off huge chunks of rock across the islands and unleashed a pyroclastic flow that killed all of the island’s inhabitants. The survivors fled by boat to the mainland, never to return. For the next 50 years no one returned to the island, seeing it as cursed.
Bayezid’s Mosque, from a 1893 painting
In 1730 a wise muslim teacher named Hajj Bayezid Mehmetoğlu arrived as part of a trade envoy from the Ottoman Empire and established Kepan’s first mosque. People were intrigued by the new faith and many converted. Gawai island became the centre of Islam in the island chain, as Abdul-Mu’id established a madrassa and began to teach Islam to the population. Word of this new faith even reached Sultan Epetah, who came to the madrassa in disguise and listened in to Bayezid recite the Qur'an. He was captivated by the beauty of what he heard and returned to his palace a changed man. He returned the next day with a royal entourage and formally recited the Shahada, becoming muslim. He took the name Hakeem and began propagating the faith over the island chain. Mosques sprung up all over Negarakita, given royal funding. For many of these the Ottoman style was mixed with traditional Sanggaric styles to create beautiful buildings.
Negarakita's skyline from Gawai, with
mount Nagahijau in the background
Negarakita is a chain of volcanic islands, located within the Fitriana Straight between Samudera and BLANK. There are over 50 islands in the chain, and the largest island in the chain is Mentari Island with a land area of 1,963 square kilometres. Most of Negarakita’s geography is shaped by the volcanos that formed the chain, most notably Mount Nagahijau in the southwest of Mentari Island. Mount Nagahijau and the surrounding hills make up around a third of the nation's land area, with 80% of the rest being highly dense urban areas. Mount Nagahijau was an active volcano until the late 17th century, when a large eruption destroyed much of the island’s forests and settlements. This eruption also destroyed much of the volcano itself, as it shrunk by approximately 100 metres though this figure is based off possibly inaccurate historical records. The nation's urban development is mainly concentrated on the two biggest islands in the chain, Mentira island and Gawai island. While Mentira island maintains some green areas of rainforest, Gawai island is completely urbanized save for it's renowned beaches.
The Negarakitan Haze
The climate of Negarakita is warm and humid, described as a Humid Subtropical climate by the Köppen classification. Summers are very hot and humid, with thunderstorms and typhoons common as warm air from the surrounding Fitriana strait meets air cooled by the landmasses of Gael. The winter is cooler but still mild by international comparison, with temperatures rarely dropping below 12° Celcius. Snowfall is extremely rare, usually only occurring on mount Nagahijau, though climate change influenced cold snaps have meant that snow fell in downtown Negarakita in the winter of 2016. The highest recorded temperature in Negarakita was 41.2° Celsius, recorded on the 3rd of July 2017. The coldest in downtown Negarakita was -0.6° Celsius on the 21st of January 2016, but temperatures as low as -6° Celsius have been recorded at the top of mount Nagahijau.
The environment of Negarakita is quite varied. Most of the nation suffers from pollution due to the large amounts of vehicles that clog the roads, and on Gawai island the smog from the small industrial sector also contributes to a phenomenon known as the “Negarakitan Haze”. This is a light layer of smog that blankets the city, compounded by the tall buildings and geography of the two main islands. Air quality is varied, ranging from the unhealthy levels in Asah to high quality in southern Mentira. Discarded rubbish is also a problem, with large amounts of litter affecting several downtown areas. Despite its reputation for smog and pollution, the Negarakitan government has begun several green initiatives aimed at cutting down emissions and litter such as fines and public humiliation for littering and by pledging to replace diesel busses with electronic busses by 2019.
Map of Negarakita
As of 2015, the population was 2,392,742 but an estimate in late 2017 claimed the population was over 2.6 million. Of these 85% were born in Negarakita, with the rest being foreign workers or expats. If non residents were counted in this total, nearly 38% would be foreign born. The population of Negarakita is one of the youngest and fastest growing in the Western Isles. The median age of Negarakitan citizens according to the 2015 census was 24, and the mean age was 27. This age has remained stable, as though life expectancy has gone up so has the amounts of children born. The average Negarakitan family has 4 children, higher than many other countries. Negarakita is one of the most highly urbanized nations in the region, with almost all of the population living within the confines of the Negarakita metropolitan area. The population density of Negarakita is one of the highest in the region, at 1,207 people per square kilometer. There are fears that as this population climbs overpopulation will soar, as housing is already expensive. 87% of Negarakitans own their own homes, but this number is slowly shrinking as the population increases and the government is forced to build more housing flats.
The official language of Negarakita is Sanggaric, spoken as a first language by 83% of the native population and as a second language by the rest of the native population. Sanggaric was brought to the island chain by the Sanggaric settlers who arrived in the early eighteenth century and was used by the settlers as a day to day language and by traders as an economic language. Sanggaric is the official language of instruction in state schools, the official language of government, and is the most widely used language in domestic media. The second most widely spoken language in Negarakita is Ahnslen, which is spoken as a first language by only 11% of the nation’s population but is spoken by around 50% of the nation as a second language. Ahnslen is widely learnt in schools as it is seen as a valuable language for trade with Ainslie, a regional economic power. It is the language of instruction in some international schools. Cantonese Chinese is the third largest language, spoken as either a first or second language by around 20% of the population. This is largely centred on the Chinese minority, who see the Cantonese language as part of their heritage. It is not widely taught at schools, and is instead learnt within the community. It is especially prevalent among the elderly in the Chinese community and many Chinese families speak Cantonese at home but Sanggaric with their friends and colleagues.
Qaswar Mosque, the largest in Negarakita
The majority religion in Negarakita is Islam, particularly Sunni Islam which is practiced by 71% of the population. Islam came to Negarakita in the thirteenth century AD when muslim traders from Tumania in modern day Bhikkustan moved to the island and began trading with the Ipachi natives. After the eruption of mount Nagahijau in the seventeenth century Islam almost disappeared as the survivors fled to new lands, not returning for around 50 years. In this time, Sanggaric settlers from Samudera had settled the island and Islam had been superseded by Hinduism and traditional animism. Islam returned to Negarakita in the 1730s after the rise of the Hanafi jurist and theologian Hajj Bayezid Mehmetoğlu. Abdul-Mu’id gained fame as a teacher, preaching and converting the Sultan of Kepan to Islam. Over the next fifty years a combination of state policy and aggressive proselytizing resulted in the conversion of the majority of the island to Islam. Since then Islam has been the dominant religion on the island, despite the small rise of Whindism during the Ahnslen occupation.
Islam is the nominally the official religion of Negarakita, though religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution. The current ruling party, the Islamic Revival Congress, have stated publicly that they aim to make Islam more prominent in government policy and have proposed mandating the Hijab for female residents and foreigners. There is already a national modesty law, which requires both men and women to dress modestly by covering the Awrah, although non muslim women are allowed to leave their arms below the elbow, legs below the knee and head uncovered. A fine of 500 ringgit (approximately $20) is the punishment for violation of this law. There are also Shariah Courts based upon the Hanafi Madhab that can be used when both the perpetrator and victim of a crime are muslim. The Adhan is widely heard around the nation, with laws requiring that it can be heard in every street in the nation.
Other religions with widespread followers in Negarakita include Whindism with 17% of the population, Hinduism with 7% and atheism/other with 5%.
The majority ethnicity in Negarakita is Sanggaric, the settlers to the island chain who first settled the island in the eighteenth century after the eruption of mount Nagahijau in the late 17th century. In the 2015 census, 67% of the population identified themselves as Sanggaric. Sanggaric Negarakitans are often considered to be the natives to the island chain as they have the longest continuous residence on the islands. The second largest race is Chinese. Chinese people first arrived as traders when the islands’ significance was realised and have since then been a growing minority. The Chinese population is mainly concentrated in Xihang, nicknamed Chinatown because of its Chinese population. Chinese Negarakitans often report discrimination by both Sanggaric and White employers, this is usually due to the stereotype that they are poor and lawless which arose during the great depression when Xihang was dominated by cartels. In the 2015 census, 21% of Negarakitans identified themselves as Chinese. The final main ethnicity is a broader category, White. This mainly refers to Ahnselns, though there are also groups of Dormillians, Stiurans and other nationalities present. Most of these people are either expats or people on temporary work placements and typically hold dual citizenship.
Negarakita has a largely immigrant based population, with almost 26% of the population born in other nations. This takes into account the large population of illegal migrant workers, who leave nations such as Bhikkustan and Samudera in an attempt to gain better work. Most work in almost slavelike conditions in slums and this population is unknown as very little data is collected on it. There are also large expat communities in the wealthier suburbs.
President Fitri Nasrallah
Negarakita is a Parliamentary Republic with a presidential system. As it is a unitary state, power is vested solely in the centrak government and local district councils have very little administrative power. The President is the head of state, head of government, head of the Republican Armed Forces of Negarakita and directs domestic and foreign policy. They are required to select a cabinet of ministers from the parties of the ruling coalition and independents, and are limited by a term limit of two seven year terms. The current President is Fitri Nasrallah of the Islamic Revival Party.
The highest representative body in the nation is the Republican Council. It functions as the legislative body of the republic, passing bills and monitoring the executive branch. The Republican Council is able to impeach the president with a two-thirds majority. The Republican Council is Unicameral, with 125 seats which are all elected based on proportional representation in elections. The largest party in the Republican Council is the Islamic Revival Party, who hold a slim majority with 67 seats.
Negarakita's regional influence is very small, categorised by international relations scholars as a small power. Due to this Negarakita is often influenced by its neighbours, in particular Samudera. Much of its international dealings are based around economic growth, trying to gain economic influence as it's political and military influence is very limited.
Ever since its independence, Negarakita has been dedicated to diplomacy. Diplomatic solution to problems is deemed an essential priority to the nation, as it's small size and trade based economy means that it would not survive a war with a larger nation. Negarakita is a member of the League of the Western Isles. It shares close bilateral ties with Samudera, Ainslie and Torom, sharing a mutual defensive pact with @Blank. In international dealings, Negarakita takes a stance based loosely on moral Realpolitik, focussing on agreements and stances that benefit the nation over trying to help other nations. The moral aspect comes from Negarakita’s close ties with the Islamic world and with Samudera, a nation it shares many cultural ties with. Negarakita has condemned the regime in Charbagnia but still maintains low levels of trade with the nation, and likewise with New Aapelistan.
The Negarakitan Republican Armed Forces are the national military and are comprised of three branches, the Negarakitan Republican Army, Negarakitan Republican Navy and the Negarakitan Republican Air Force. It is arguably one of the most elite and well equipped militaries in the region, with up to date equipment and a well trained but small standing army. As the military is defined in the constitution as the upholder of the republic there is a policy of national conscription for males over the age of 18. Negarakita spends 3.2% of its national GDP on the military, and buys most of its equipment from Miklania, Dormill and Stiura, and Bravo Rio.
The Negarakitan Republican Armed Forces were founded upon independence from Ainslie in 1952. At the time, they were composed of three infantry regiments, an artillery regiment and a small fleet of two corvettes and an aging frigate. With help from Ainslie and ---, the NRAF began to modernise their army quickly. They adopted a doctrine of total warfare, as in any conflict the entire population would have to be involved for Negarakita to have any chance of success. This involves three principles, mass involvement, mass loyalty and mass unity. Mass involvement is based around the mandatory conscription, so in the event of a war there is a large amount of trained individuals able to be mobilised quickly. Mass loyalty is manifested in the large amounts of patriotism that is shown in Negarakita, with a flag culture similar to the USA. The idea behind this is to keep the people of Negarakita loyal to their country and willing to fight for it. The final principle is mass unity. This refers to community spirit and helping each other work together as resources will become scarce and the community will have to work together. This is done through initiatives such as communal gardens and posters encouraging empathy throughout the nation.
Negarakita maintains 32,000 soldiers on active duty, with 70,000 active reserve and an estimated 300,000 ready to be called up on a few days notice. The army is highly mechanized, using APCs to provide help for the infantry, but has no heavy armour. There is some mobile artillery but the army is based around it's soldiers. The air force is small but modern, with fighter aircraft purchased from Miklania and a large helicopter fleet. The navy is large for the nation's size, with two frigates, seven corvettes, seven missile boats and numerous smaller craft.
Currency: Negarakitan Ringgit
Fiscal Year: 1 April - 31 March
GDP (nominal): $77.8 Billion USD
GDP (nominal) per capita: $29,927 USD
Labor Force: 1,638,936
Negarakita has a highly developed market economy, based historically on extended entrepôt trade and its spices, which were a valuable commodity. The Negarakitan economy is internationally regarded as one of the strongest for its size and it was the original “Eterna Tiger”, a label given due to its growth rate of between 6-11% which has been maintained since 1956. The Negarakitan economy has a reputation for its competitiveness, freedom, innovation and business friendliness. It constantly rates within the top five for market freedom in the region. However, the Negarakitan economy is affected by corruption, with government ministers often demanding bribes. This has not affected ease of business for the most part, instead allowing businesses to thrive by undermining legislations.
Negarakita is a highly popular spot for investors. It has an AA credit rating, and attracts a lot of foreign investment because of its young and skilled workforce, location, low tax rates, developed infrastructure and low amount of corporate legislation. There are more than 5,000 foreign companies currently investing in Negarakita, with foreign investment in all spheres of the Negarakitan economy. Negarakita holds several free trade agreements with @nation1, @nation2 and @nation3. It is estimated that around 23% of the nation’s workforce are non-Negarakitans, with many foreign workers in high paying positions but also with large numbers of illegal migrants who take low paying jobs in sweatshops and construction.
The nation’s currency is the Negarakitan Ringgit, issued by the Central Bank of the Negarakitan Republic. The CBNR monitors monetary policy on behalf of the government, managing it's value according to interest rates. The current exchange rate for the Negarakitan Ringgit is 1 Ringgit to 0.04 US Dollars. This rate is more or less stable, though it fell to 0.017 at the height of the 2008 financial meltdown.
Due to its relative diversity and history of openness to other nations, the culture of Negarakita is very diverse. At the declaration of Negarakitan independence in 1952, President Ali Serang stated that “our nation is like the garden of a great Raja, where many colours flourish in harmony to create a thing of great beauty”. The main cultures are South Sanggaric, Chinese and Ahseln, which maintain several traditions such as food, language, dance and traditional dress. There is also a small amount of ipachi culture, but as the ipachi natives were almost all killed off by the eruption of Nagahijau in the late 17th century this effect is minor. These cultural identities have come into contact with many others due to Negarakita’s central role in trade in the region, resulting in a unique national culture. Many of these cultures have also been affected by the proliferation of religion, with Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Animism all being followed by Negarakitans. A
Although these different cultures are still separate and unique in many regards, there is a national cultural phenomenon called Trisila (three principles) which refers to faith, work and family, the three priorities of the average Negarakitan. Trisila is regarded as the nation’s founding value and is taught to children in schools. Officially, the Sanggaric language is the national language of Negarakita and Sanggaric culture is stressed most heavily by the government, leading many primarily Chinese activists to protest against feared “ethnic standardization” by the government. Despite these fears, dates such as Chinese New Year are celebrated as national holidays.
Owing to its small size and wealth, Negarakita has very highly developed infrastructure. All of the roads are tarmacked and the majority are well maintained although potholes are common in the poorer areas. All streets are lit at night and most have at least one camera to watch for crime.
A taksi-bajay in Negarakita
Public transport in Negarakita is extremely diverse. There are numerous bus routes run by private companies, with the biggest being Rute Tercepat Bus (RTB). RTB is jointly public and private owned, maintains a 70% market share and are renowned for their efficiency and low fares. There is also the Negarakita Metro, a large scale underground rail network. It is also jointly owned by the public sector and the private. There are four lines on the Metro, all operating from National Square Station, the Bihar-Gawai line, Port Gantra Line, Tanjong-Grobogan line and the Nagahijau-Sedayu line. The metro averages nearly one and a half million users daily, making it the most widespread transport system. The most iconic of transport systems in Negarakita though is the Taksi-Bajay, a form of the auto-rickshaw that is widely used throughout the city. They originated as a cheap method of transport with low fares and low running costs, but with the advent of the Metro have become more of a tourist attraction than a viable method of transport. There are also taxis and motor taxis. Motor taxis, where the passenger rides on the back of a motorbike, are the cheapest and most used by natives. Moto-Taksi, as it is known in Sanggaric, is a highly popular career among the poorer areas as it requires low running costs. Moto-Taksi drivers are often political, and are known to take part in large rallies waving banners from their bikes while riding in convoy. Taxis are also available and can be very affordable, especially metered fares. The taxi market is largely run by triad gangs, who run unofficial taxi companies with steep flat fares in tourist hotspots.
An oil rig in the Fitriana Strait, run by NegaraOil
Due to its large reserves of Petroleum, Negarakita is entirely energy independent. Negarakita’s vast oil reserves are extracted by both foreign companies and the jointly run NegaraOil Company which is guaranteed first access to sites. NegaraOil is currently being investigated for corruption under the Darmawijayo government after it was revealed that Ali Darmawijayo, the brother of the President and NegaraOil’s CEO, had been receiving state funds and was given contracts in backroom deals. Negarakita gains 80% of its power from oil, with the rest coming from solar and hydro power. There exists a small green movement in Negarakita, but on the whole there is not a huge push to move towards renewable energy due to fears that jobs will be lost and that it will be expensive because of widespread disinformation by the oil industry.
Maps and emblem made by the amazing Samudera