Motto: "Boldly on her mighty wings she soars"
National Anthem: "Glorious shines your star"
NSERT SMALL MAP OR ORTHOGRAPHIC
Population: 41.2 million
-Density: 113.9 pop/km²
Largest City: Porthaven
Official Language: English
National Language: English, Spanish
Official trigramme: BAU
Government: Federated democratic republic
- Secretary General: Edward DeGarcia
- Prime Minister: Bertram Lewis
- Deputy Prime Minister: Percy Gambage
- Attorney General: Julia Taylor
- Upper House: Legislative Assembly
-Lower House: House of Representatives
Establishment: from Great Britain, Maalvia
Independence: 1st January, 1862
Federation: 23rd December, 1931
Land Area: 361,721 km²
Water Area: 4,705 km²
Water %: 1.3
Highest Point: 1,953m (Mt. Okanagawa)
Lowest Point: -42m (Lake Claire)
GDP (nominal): Ŧ2,904,600,000,000
GDP (nominal) per capita: Ŧ70,500 p/a
Currency: Barunian Tilda (Ŧ)
Time Zone: +10 (No Daylight Savings)
Drives on the: Left
The Socialist Federation of Barunia, commonly called Barunia, is a federal democratic republic in the Southern Ocean. It is an isolated island group consisting of three large islands and one chain of small islands to the north. Barunia covers 361,721 square kilometres and has has an estimated population of 41.2 million. Barunia comprises of four states and one territory, all of which form part of the Federation.
People first came to Barunia in the 16th century, but it was not until 1780 that it would be known to the outside world. During the early years of the 19th century, Barunia was an important stopping point on the long, dangerous routes between Asia, Australia, and the Americas. After the first world war, Maalvian socialists who were exiled to these islands brought their political ideas with them, which would eventually lead to the unification of the islands under a socialist ideal, and independence from Britain and Maalvia in 1931.
Barunia is a developed country, ranking highly on World Assembly ratings for workforce participation rates, education, healthcare, and tourism. Healthcare and education are universal and available to all citizens regardless of income. The nation also ranks highly in business subsidies, as the government uses a system of taxes on business and commerce to fund their initiatives. Barunia is a leading member of the Union of Red Nations, an international communist organisation. The nation has a strong sporting tradition, and is involved with many sports organisations and councils.
The exact origins of the name "Barunia" is a topic of debate among scholars. There is a strong argument that it stems from a portmanteau of the surname of explorer David Barrett, the Englishman who described the islands in 1780, and an unknown source. The first appearance of the name "Barunia" appears on maps made in 1789. However, another, more recent argument suggests that the name comes from the Spanish word "Baraśnda", which means "noisy, hubbub." Proponents of this origin suggest that the name was given by the Spanish-speaking Tildans to the noisy camps of the English settlers. The English settlers, not familiar with Spanish, assumed this was the local name for the region of their colony, and thus their island became "Baraśnda", which was eventually corrupted to Barunia.
The origins of "Tildos", the island north of Barunia that was the home of the earliest settlers, is believed to come from the Spanish word "Tildar", meaning "to brand, to mark". Thus the first settlers, who were Spanish-speaking, literally branded the land as theirs. Some scholars say that the "Tildos" was an early form of government that was responsible for making currency by branding sea-shells. Thus the name for the Barunian currency is "Tilda", a name that exists today.
The standard way to refer to a citizen of Barunia is as a "Barunian."
Barunia was uninhabited by humans until the 16th century, when a Spanish ship sailing from the Americas, the "San Juan De Baptiste", was wrecked on what is now San Baptiste Island. The exact year of the launch of this vessel is unknown; it may have been around 1540, or 1570, or another date.
The survivors of the shipwreck built a settlement on San Baptiste, just north of where the town centre of present day Northport is located. In the next two centuries, they grew in number, and established townsites on other islands, most notably the monastic settlement on Trinity Island. They also began to move south into the heartland of Tildos.
In 1780, Englishmen David Barrett sighted the isles while searching for trade routes between Madagascar and the Dutch East Indies. Barrett, approaching from the south-east, described the land as "an island, of not inconsequential size, with all the signs of supporting life." Barrett then sailed north into a wide bay, which he named Haven Bay. His men constructed a tower here, upon which they planted the flag of Britain. They then sailed around the north of the island, and sighted Tildos, and then Marion. Barrett turned south down the Windswept passage, otherwise he may have come into contact sooner with the native Tildans, the descendants of the San Baptiste's survivors.
In 1791, the British established a port in Haven Bay. Named the Port of Haven, it had a lighthouse, fort, and trading post. This port was used as a safe harbour by passing ships, and a trading port by the British both with Dutch and Portuguese traders, but also with the locals. At this time, expeditions were made into the west of Barunia island and Marion. The British crown claimed both Marion and Barunia island; Tildos they recognised as an independent land of the Tildans. However, no further establishment was made, and by 1820 the Barunian islands were largely ignored.
In 1855, the small kingdom of Maalvia sent an expedition to the islands, and established a settlement on the north coast of Marion. Concerned about the arrival of this foreign power, and being largely ignored by their homeland, the British settlers established an alliance with the Tildans. This alliance became the foundation for a new country, Barunia y Tildos, which was constituted in 1862. Over the next fifty years, the new nation would have a strained relationship with the Maalvians. This relationship would change in the first decade of the twentieth-century, when members of Maalvia's Socialist Separatist Party were exiled to Marion. They brought with them new ideas, and in 1912, New Maalvia seceded from Maalvia, officially declaring itself part of Barunia y Tildos. The move had been orchestrated by the SSP, which rapidly became one of the most powerful parties in Barunia y Tildos. On the 12th of November, 1930, Jan Petrescu of the SSP was elected Prime Minister of Barunia y Tildos. This led to the Barunian cultural revolution, which saw the country change to socialist ideals. One of the changes of the revolution was a new system of government, and a new constitution. On the 23rd of December, 1931, the new constitution was passed into law, and the new nation of Barunia was born.
On 31st March, 2019, a day later known as Black Sunday, the Federation of Barunia came to an end. The fall of the Federation began on the 22nd of March, when Prime Minister Oscar Kaiman signed a motion to dissolve the Legislative Assembly. With the right-wing holding power in the legislative assembly (the lower house of the Federation system), the left-wing majority of the People's Council (the upper house of the Federation) had been voting against each proposal from the assembly as it reached the Council. WIth no legislation being passed, and the process of government frozen, Prime Minister Oscar Kaiman utilised his power of dissolution. However, the motion needed 75% of the vote from the People's Council to make the dissolution valid, which it did not get. A vote of no confidence then came from the People's Council, and Kaiman was voted out of the leadership, and Astella David was appointed as Prime Minister. She then announced that she would serve the remainder of Kaiman's term. The Premier of Marion, Johan Brightman, then threatened to withdraw his state from the Federation if David did not call an election within 24 hours. David refused to bow to the ultimatum, and Brightman followed through with his threat, causing him to be branded as a traitor by David.
By the 31st of March, Tildos had declared support for the Independent State of Marion, and diplomatic attempts to resolve the crisis had failed. Prime Minister David called a crisis meeting in Porthaven. There she stated that the union of states had fallen, and as such the Federation of Barunia, and by extension its constitution and government, were dissolved. She then declared herself President over the remainder of the country, and declared a state of emergency.
Marion responded by officially declaring war on this new nation, the Free Republic of Barunia. Tildos closed its state borders, declaring itself neutral.
The conflict became known as the Barunian Civil War. It was fought between the Armed Forces of the Free Republic of Barunia, and the Socialist Coalition of troops from the Independent State of Marion, as well as other Barunian and International troops. Most of these came from the Union of Red Nations, including soldiers and equipment from Dakran, Free Terra, and Soviet Ruk-Tsan, as well as the nation of Bugaria. Republican forces occupied the state of Porthaven (now Havenia), while the Socialists were on Marion Island. The war raged was fought mostly in the disputed territories of West Barunia and Tildos. The Northern Isles were largely unaffected by the fighting.
The focal point of the war was the West Barunian capital of Newland. Captured by Republican forces early during the conflict, the Socialists made a tough landing at Kaizo beach to fight their way back to the city. The battle for the city raged for three days, until finally the Republican forces were forced to withdraw back towards Porthaven.
Meanwhile, Socialist forces, mostly from Bugaria, had landed at Whitefeather bay on Tildos, and making their way to Delmars secured the city for the socialists, despite strong opposition from the Republicans in the area. Although the Republicans had superior forces on the island, they were forced to recall the troops to defend Porthaven, which was now under siege. Socialist troops had succeeded in fighting their way through to the state border, and were holding it. With the port of Newland secured, the Socialist navy launched a naval blockade of the Barrett Strait. With the tide turned, Republican leader Astella David called for a ceasefire, which was granted, and opened negotiations with the Socialists. The ceasefire was broken, but peace talks continued, and finally the Republicans surrendered.
After a struggle that had lasted one year and twenty-three days, President David surrendered on April the 22nd, 2020. According to the terms of the surrender, Astella David would be exiled from Barunia, however all other Republicans would be offered amnesty. A new Federation would replace the Free Republic.
The Socialist Federation of Barunia was formally established on the 14th of November, 2022, after 2 and a half years of interim government. The period between the Free Republic and the Socialist Federation is known as the Restoration period, and is considered to be the birth of the Barunian national identity. This identity helped shape the Socialist Federation, and is considered to be captured in its constitution, which includes articles protecting the rights of citizens. The constitution also established a new system of government, to ensure the events which led to the civil war would not occur ever again.
The nation of Barunia consists of three large islands, and one chain of smaller islands to the north. Barunia island is the most southern island; its northern coast is separated from the central Tildos island by the narrow Barrett Strait. Tildos is a long island running east-west. The island has a major inlet, the Cola Del Pez, flowing into the Barrett Strait. Its western end consists of several wide bays. To the west of both islands is Marion island. This island was formed from the dormant volcano at its centre, Mount Marion. The mountain's top peak, Mount Okanagawa, is the highest point in the country.
North of Tildos is the Northern Isles, an island chain containing several dozen islands that stretches over 500kms. The islands are quite close to each other, and range in size from 100 square kilometres (San Baptiste Island), to less than 1 square kilometre.
Barunia is divided into four states and one territory. The islands of Marion and Tildos are both states, whilst the Territory of the Northern Islands is formed from the island chain. The only state land border is on Barunia Island; it divides West Barunia from Havenia. West Barunia covers most of the island, with Havenia (formerly the state of Porthaven) covering a strip of the east coast measuring about one-fifth of the entire island.
The Barunian climate is almost universally temperate, with temperatures ranging from a few degrees Celsius in winter to high twenties in summer. Barunia's climate is significantly influenced by ocean currents, and the south coast often faces storms in winter and cyclones in summer. The Windswept Passage between Barunia island and Marion island is particularly prone to bad weather.
The environment of Barunia differs widely between islands. Most of the North Islands are entirely coastal, with low vegetation and high levels of water and wind erosion. In Tildos, deep wide bays in the west slope up to high tablelands, which then drop down sharply to the deepest point in the nation, Lake Claire. Further east in the heart of the island is a fertile plain fed by the Rio Verde, the longest river in the country. On Barunia island, a fertile coastal plain forms most of Havenia State. This plain ends at a range of tall hills that run north-south across most of the island. These hills are heavily wooded, fed by the Herschel river that flows into the lake of the same name. Beyond the hills is a large forest that stretches almost to the west coast, and is broken by deep valleys.
Barunia has an estimated 41.2 million people, two thirds of whom live in metropolitan areas. Nearly 5 million people live in the capital city of Porthaven alone. About 13.6 million live in rural areas, with an estimated 100,000 living in remote areas. The birth rate is 11.9, while the life expectancy is 88 yrs. Barunia has one of the lowest death rates in the world. 65% of the population are of working age, 14% are seniors, 14% are teenagers, and 8% are children under the age of 12.
English is the official language of Barunia, with Spanish an additional national language. Due to high levels of education, all Barunians are able to speak English. Most Barunians have a basic understanding of some Spanish, even if they are not fluent in that language. Spanish is spoken mostly throughout the North Islands, where it is sometimes more commonly spoken than English. It is also found frequently in Tildos.
During the era of bi-nationality, English was the official language of Barunia only, while Spanish was the official language in Tildos. Those in New Maalvia spoke Maalvian, but this language has now all but disappeared from the Barunian vernacular, and is not a national language.
Barunia has no official religion, but the government places no restrictions on religion or free worship. Freedom of religion is protected under Section 9 of the constitution.
In the most recent census, approximately 68% of Barunians identified as belonging to a religion, or having belief in a faith or spirituality. Of those who identified as religious, 29% identified as Protestant Christian, 22% as Catholic Christian, 9% as adhering to Islam and 8% adhering to a Pagan belief.
The first settlers brought Catholicism with them, and the first church was established on San Baptiste island in about 1570. By the end of the 16th century, a monastic settlement was established on what is now Trinity Island. Over the next century a monastery was built on the island, and is still in operation today. Many location names in northern Barunia reflect this time, such as San Baptiste, St Lucia, and Santa Maria. Protestant Christianity arrived with the English in 1780, and the first chapel, St George's, was established in 1788, making it the oldest surviving building in Porthaven. Today, the largest church in Barunia is St Luke's Cathedral in Edwardton, built in the 1850s. Islam and other religions have only appeared in Barunia in recent times.
About a quarter of Barunians identify as Tildans, the semi-native people of Spanish origin. The remainder are mostly of British heritage, with the next largest group Eastern European. These three groups represent the history of colonisation of the islands. Barunia has an open immigration policy, with few restrictions, and takes in a considerable influx of refugees each year. This has meant that there is a growing ethnic diversity within the country. About 14% of the population are either immigrants or have a parent who is an immigrant, and about 19% identify as mixed-race.
Metro area population
Northport San Baptiste
The Federal Parliament of Barunia operates on a two-house system, and consists of the House of Representatives (HoR) and the Legislative Assembly (LA). The House of Representatives is the lower of the two houses. Its role is the running of the country and the creation of laws.
Members to the House of Representatives are elected during a General election. Unlike most governments, there are no political parties, and each individual stands for election as an independent candidate. Candidates are elected to the seat of an Electoral Ward, and are expected to represent the people of that ward in the House. Currently, there are 165 seats in parliament.
The Prime Minister is the is elected by the House of Representatives from among their number. The Prime Minister is the Head of Government, and as such is recognised as the leader of the nation. The Prime Minister then elects Members to take charge of a government ministry (department). These Members form the Ministerial Council, and are known as Ministers.
The Legislative Assembly forms the upper house of the Federal Parliament. Members are elected during a general election by a run-off system. Any individual may run. Each of the four states elects 7 senators, while the territory of North Islands elects four, making a total of 32 seats.
The head of the Legislative Assembly is the Secretary General, who is recognised as the Head of the Federation and Barunia's official Head of State. The Secretary General is elected for 5-year terms in a special election, and there are strict guidelines about who can run.
Each State has its own parliament, consisting of a Lower and Upper House. State elections are run along the same lines as Federal elections. The heads of both houses are elected in the same way as the Prime Minister in the Federal election. The head of the lower house is the Premier and is the Head of the State Government. The head of the upper house is the president of the senate, but has no significant additional powers.
The territory has a single house, the Territorial Legislative Assembly. The Head of the Territory is known as the Governor of North Islands.
Each state government appoints their own judiciary. Each state and territory has a criminal court, a high court, and a supreme court. Above these are the Federal Court of Justice and the Federal High Court (FHC), which is the highest legal authority in the nation. This authority is vested in the Bench of the Federal High Court, and overseen by the Attorney-General, a government minister. The Attorney-General appoints judges to the Bench of the FHC. The highest civil court in the country is the Federal Court of Arbitration. Each state and territory also has its own court of arbitration, as well as a state civil court.
Suffrage is universal and compulsory for all citizens over the age of 18, the legal age of consent.
Barunia is a socialist country, and is part of the left-wing Union of Red Nations (URN). Since the URN's inception, the Barunian ambassador to the URN has also held the title of Head of Diplomacy of the Union of Red Nations, and is responsible for all diplomatic issues facing the URN. The Barunian envoy was also responsible for drafting the Union's constitution.
Barunia was formerly a part of the World Assembly, but left in protest at what it considered to be micro-managing by the General Assembly.
Barunia is a pacifist society, and in recent times has been involved in no armed conflict. However, it does maintain an active defence force, as well as a reserve. The nation's first major armed conflict was in the Dakranian Civil War. As an island nation, Barunia's largest branch is the navy, with dozens of ships and hundreds of other vehicles. The Army and Navy have a similar personnel compliment, while the Air Force is smaller. Including Reserves, the total military personnel that Barunia has in readiness is a little over 1 million people.
Currency: Barunian Tilda (Ŧ)
Exchange Rate (approx.): 2BT = 1NSD
GDP (nominal): Ŧ2,904,600,000,000
GDP (nominal) per capita: Ŧ70,500 p/a
Labor Force:26.7 million
The Barunian unit of currency is called the Tilda. The sub-unit of currency is Pence (penny in the singular). Barunia uses decimal currency, and as such 100 pence equals 1 Tilda.
The Barunian Minting Office is responsible for minting all coins in Barunia. Currently it produces general circulation coins for values of 5, 10, 20, and 50 pence, and for 1 and 2 Tildas. It also produces notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 Tildas. For a brief time during the financial crash, it also produced notes with values of 200, 500, and 1000 Tildas. The BMO also regularly produces commemorative 1 and 2 pence coins.
Barunia has a GDP of just under 3 trillion tildas. Barunia's economy is driven by manufacturing, with the country especially prominent in producing vehicles, including cars, planes, and ships. Vehicle production makes up 38% of the nation's manufacturing sector.
Fishing is a major industry in Barunia, with nearly a million tonnes of seafood being caught and processed each year. Compared to other industries, the fishing industry is less regulated, leading to some concerns about overfishing. The government has taken steps to prevent this however, with the introduction of strict quotas, especially for endangered species such as bluefin tuna, and aquaculture programs. Currently aquaculture makes up 27% of Barunia's agricultural livestock sector. The majority of farmed seafood in Barunia is not consumed locally but is exported. Other agricultural products include sheep, poultry, and crops such as sugar, wheat, and barley.
Barunia has only a small natural resources sector. At one time it was a large producer of potassium nitrate, but as that can now be synthesised, production has now almost completely ceased. Barunian mines now produce materials such as basalt rock, bauxite, salt, and precious and semi-precious gems such as rubies and moonstone.
Tourism is also a major part of the Barunian economy, and is estimated to contribute over Ŧ3.1 billion annually to the economy.
When the first settlers arrived on Barunia, they brought with them firstly their Spanish culture, but also a seafaring culture. Both have heavily influenced current Barunian culture. Later cultural influences came from Britain and Eastern Europe, which also brought socialist culture and values.
The state of Tildos and the Northern Islands still retain a strong Spanish culture, while British culture is centred around the south of the nation. The Marion state capital of Edwardton is often described as the cultural melting pot of Barunia, with all major cultural influences reflected in the city.
Barunians are typically a friendly people, and the country has a compassionate nature, spending millions on foreign aid each year. Overt signs of wealth or blatant advertising do not go down well in the country; while the Barunian press is relatively free, advertising is strictly regulated. Despite socialist values, most Barunians are hard-working; a recent poll suggests that 90% of Barunians consider their main reason for going to work as something other than 'earning money'.
Sport and Recreation
Barunia is widely involved in sports at an international level, and has especially excelled at football (soccer), cricket, and motorsports. The nation first competed at the official Olympics in its eighth edition, and attended both the ninth and tenth games. Barunia has won medals in every olympic water-based sport except water polo, and is also strong in judo and hockey (field). Sprinter Lacey Millican won gold in the women's 100m at both the ninth and tenth games, and has been involved in winning all of the nation's three track and field medals.
The Barunia Suns, the nation's football team, are regular participants at the WCC World Cup, and ranked within the top twenty. Barunia also competes internationally in cricket, motorsports, hockey, rugby, gridiron, and calvinball. Domestically, football is the nation's most popular sport, followed closely by hockey. The 124-team hockey professional hockey leagues system is believed to be the largest in the world. Other popular national sports include the T20 cricket Super Slam tournament, and in motorsports, rally competitions. The Sheppardton Rally and the Barunian leg of the World Grand Prix Championships attract intense interest within the country.
Barunia has a highly developed infrastructure, with buildings utilising modern construction methods. Bricks are the most common form of building material for housing, although timber-framing is also popular. In some coastal areas, buildings are raised on stilts to protect against flooding. Most cities have multiple skyscrapers, and there is an increase in high-density residences. Outside the cities, most homes are single buildings, rather than apartment blocks.
Barunia has a modern transportation network. 89% of all gazetted roads are sealed, including 100% of urban roads. Cities are connected by a series of highways, and the Trans-Barunian Highway connects the major cities, including Newland on Barunia island to Delmars on Tildos, via the Strait tunnel which runs under the Barrett Strait. The Trans-Barunian also connects to Edwardton through the use of ferries. Ferries form a major part of Barunia's public transport system, which is expansive. Each city runs its own railway, with most lines in major cities underground. Each city network is connected via overland rail (or ferries, where necessary) to its neighbours, meaning it is possible to travel from any city in the country to another via rail.
Air travel is a popular way of getting around Barunia, with many aircraft having aquatic-landing capabilities. This allows for easy travel around the remote Northern Islands, and coastal villages with a marina but no landing strip. There are only two international airports in Barunia, one in Porthaven, and one north of Delmars. The nation does have a large number of international seaports though, with ports at the state capitals of Porthaven, Delmars, and Northport-San Baptiste. Marion's main port is located on the north coast, near the town of Lenina, while there are also ports at the West Barunian city of Sheppardton, and at Dropshort in northern Havenia. The Dropshort seaport is the largest and busiest in the country, with roughly half a million tonnes of cargo going through the port every day.
Barunia has a strong commitment to environmentally stable energy, and it's primary source of energy production is wind power. The majority of Barunia's wind farms are offshore, taking advantage of the strong coastal winds. The largest wind farm is off the sooth east coast of Barunia Island. Other forms of energy production in Barunia include solar, gas, and nuclear power. Currently, there are only two nuclear power plants in the country; one in Dropshort, HV, and the other in Broughton, TI. About 91% of residences are connected to mains power: the remaining 9% are almost entirely located on remote islands in the north.