by Max Barry

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Constitution of the Socialist Federation of Barunia

Constitution of the Socialist Federation of Barunia

Section 1: Act to create a constitution
1.1 This Act shall serve as the Constitution of the Socialist Federation of Barunia, and shall be the basis for all laws and governance of that country.
1.2 The Act shall be binding on all States and Territories, including any Protectorates, Semi-Autonomous States or Territories or External Territory that may exist over which the Federation has governance, and over all people and institutions within.

Section 2: Federation, States, Territories
2.1 The Socialist Federation of Barunia shall consist of the States of Porthaven, West Barunia Marion and Tildos, and of the Territory of Northern Isles
2.1.1 The above States and Territories shall be united into a federation, to be called the Socialist Federation of Barunia
2.2 The Federal Government shall have the right to claim any land outside of the borders of a State or Territory and without claim of other sovereign authority, to be an External Territory of the Socialist federation of Barunia.
2.2.1 An external territory may be granted the status of a semi-autonomous state by the federal government.
2.2.2 Any land may be declared a Protectorate of the Social Federation of Barunia by mutual consent between the relevant sovereign authorities, or by consent of the majority of the people within the land.

Section 3: Government of the Federation
3.1 The Federation shall be governed by a parliament made up of citizens of the nation, appointed by election.
3.2 The Parliament shall consist of a House of Representatives, a Ministerial Council and a Legislative Assembly
3.2.1 The House of Representatives shall consist of duly elected officials from each Electoral Ward. Each electoral ward shall elect one representative to the House.
3.2.2 The Prime Minister shall be elected by a ballot undertaking by the members of the House of Representatives. The Prime Minister shall be a member of the House.
3.2.3 The Prime Minister shall elect members of the House to the Ministerial council as he/she sees fit, but must never elect fewer than ten percent and no more than half of the representatives in the House, less one.
3.2.4 The Legislative Assembly shall consist of duly elected officials from each State and Territory. Each State shall provide seven members, and each Territory four.
3.3 It shall be the duty of the House of Representatives to govern the nation, represent the people of their electoral ward, and to create and amend the laws and decrees of the Federation.
3.3.1 In addition to their duties as members of the House of Representatives, the Ministerial Council shall have the duty to fulfil the responsibility of their ministerial office, as assigned.
3.4 The Prime Minister shall be recognised as the leader of the nation, and shall have the fullness of responsibility for the governance of the country.
3.5 The Legislative Assembly shall review each proposed law and decree passed by the House of Representatives, and shall hold it to a vote of the assembled members.
3.5.1 Should the assembly vote for a proposed law or decree, it shall become a law or decree of the Federation.
3.5.2 Should the assembly vote against a proposed law or decree, that proposal shall be returned to the House of Representatives.
3.6 A member of the Legislative Assembly shall be elected to the office of Secretary-General by a general election, called for that purpose, and shall be recognised as the head of state of the Federation.

Section 4: Official duties of the Prime Minister, Attorney-General, and Secretary-General
4.1 It shall be the right of the Parliament to appoint judges to the Federal courts as they see fit, provided the judges meet with the requirements set forth in article 4.1.1
4.1.1 Judges shall be citizens of Barunia and recognised and accredited practitioners of law.
4.2 The Attorney-General shall be a member of the House of Representatives, but not a member of the Ministerial Council or the Speaker, and shall be appointed by the Prime Minister.
4.3 The Attorney-General shall advise the Parliament on matters of law, and shall review any law or decree passed by Parliament for conflict with existing laws.
4.3.1 The Attorney-General shall have authority over the judiciary of the Federation, and over the judiciaries of the States and Territories.
4.4 The Secretary-General shall ratify all laws and decrees passed by the Parliament, which shall then become the Laws and Decrees of the Federation.
4.4.1 The Secretary-General shall not have the power of veto over laws passed by the Parliament, but may refer laws to the Attorney-General in order to confirm their legality.
4.4.2 It shall be the duty of the Secretary-General to swear-in a duly elected Parliament, and to represent the nation in matters of state.

Section 5: Right of States and Territories
5.1 States and Territories shall have the right to appoint a Parliament, and to enact and pass laws and decrees as such parliament sees fits, without interference from the Federal Parliament.
5.1.1 The laws and decrees of the Federal Parliament shall have precedence over the laws and decrees passed by any State or Territory
5.1.2 No State or Territory shall be permitted to appoint a Parliament, or government in any other form, in any manner other than by an election by all eligible members of the populace.
5.2 States and Territories shall maintain a judicial system and judiciary, and the Parliament shall have the right to appoint judges to the State courts as they see fit.
5.3 States and Territories shall have the right to maintain a treasury, and to collect taxes.
5.4 None of the rights in this section of the act shall be deemed to take precedence over the rights of the Federation.
5.5 External Regions, Semi-Autonomous States and Protectorates are excluded from the rights and privileges of States and Territories as stated in this section of the act.

Section 6: External Territories, Semi-Autonomous States, and Protectorates.
6.1 External Territories, defined as such by an Act of Parliament, shall fall under the jurisdiction of the State or Territory named in such Act; or if that be not defined, of the Federation.
6.2 Semi-Autonomous States, defined as such by an Act of Parliament, shall have the right of self governance.
6.2.1 Governance of Semi-Autonomous States shall be the duty of a Governor and Council. Governors and Councillors are to be elected by the eligible populace of said State and ratified by the Parliament of Barunia.
6.2.2 Semi-Autonomous States are permitted to pass and ratify laws and decrees as their government sees fit; and to raise a judiciary.
6.2.3 All Semi-Autonomous States shall remain the possession and under the authority of the Federation.
6.3 Protectorates,defined as such by an Act of Parliament, shall be governed by the articles of that Act; and all rights of that state and its citizens shall be covered in said Act.
6.3.1 Where not defined, Protectorates shall be under the protection and jurisdiction of the Federation.

Section 7: Elections of officials

Section 8: Rights to establish police and armed forces
8.1 It shall be the right and duty of the Federation to establish and maintain an armed force; and to deploy that force if deemed necessary by an Act of Parliament.
8.1.1 No State, Territory, External Territory, Semi-Autonomous State or Protectorate shall establish an armed force; or raise an armed force against the will of the Federation.
8.1.2 It shall be the right and duty of the Federation to elect officers to command the armed forces.
8.2 It shall be the right and duty of the Federation to establish and maintain a Federal Police force; and to assign that force to their duties as Parliament sees fit.
8.2.1 States and Territories shall have the right to establish police forces to operate within their jurisdiction.
8.2.2 in all matters of jurisdiction or the enforcement of law, the Federation shall take precedence over the States and Territories.

Section 9: Rights of Citizens

OOC: To be finished and formatted later.

(Above constitution as amended)
1st Amendment to the constitution: Sections 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3 and its sub clause, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 4.2, 4.4.1 and 4.4.2 shall be struck out and rendered void, and shall be replaced. Additonally, the word "statute" shall be replaced with "decree" throughout; except where "statute" appears separate the word "law".

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