Motto: "Sonqoba Simunye"
Population: 36 570 125
Density: 157 p/km2
Largest City: Karaba
Official Language: English
- President (BPP claim): Michael Zuluka
- President (FOLIBO claim): Paul Mugerwa
- Vice President (BFP): Arthur Bukenya
- Vice Pres. (FROLIBO): Chester Wamala
Legislature: National Assembly
Establishment: from Great Britain
GDP (nominal): 28.7 billion N$D
GDP (nominal) per capita: 623 N$D
HDI: 0.317 (LOW)
Currency: Bagongolese Franc
Time Zone: UTC +3
Drives on the: Right
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF BAGONGO
Democratic Republic of Bagongo, commonly called Bagongo, is a medium sized country in Afrika. Bordered to the South by enormous nation of Yughanna, and having it's borders set between Lake Elizabeth and Lake Kigali. Area of the country is a mix between mountainous and flat areas, with two main rivers falling into Lake Elizabeth.
Bagongo is a country dominated mostly by young, rural population. Though inhabited in vast majority by a singular group known as BwaKunga, said group is divided into three sub-groups - Miyazenga, Butu and Batwa. While the last one refers to pygmy population that was most likely the original inhabitants of the region, the Miyazenga and Butu are commonly acknowledged as being later migrations. Subsequently, those two groups formed the Kingdoms of Bugongo, which existed in this region until it's annexation by the United Kingdom.
Bagongo proclaimed independence in 1961, while 1980s saw the royal family exiled and republic proclaimed. In 1997 Gen. Paul Mugerwa carried out a coup d'tat, resulting in seizure of power by Miyazenga-dominated junta. While the junta was forced to step down in 2012 following a series of mass protests, Mugerwa fled to the south, where - claiming himself as the only legitimate president of Bagongo - he created a rebel group which was subsequently named FROLIBO (Front for Liberation of Bagongo). Exploiting instability in neighboring Yughanna to a great success, FROLIBO launched a successful insurgency which resulted in seizure of most of the South-Eastern parts of the country. 2017 agreement known as Gola accords created a cease fire, but never a permanent peace, and sporadic clashes erupt to this day.
It is speculated that the name "Bagongo" comes from "kungo" (cattle) and "ba" (land) in BwaKunga language. Since times immemorial cattle played an enormous role in life and culture of the local people. Pasturing areas in valleys between mountainous zones seemed for the ancient Bugongolese as a perfect area for cattle herding - thus the country's name.
FROLIBO rebels advance on Kremba, 2017
Ancient history of Bagongo is hard to track, as it's inhabitants have left little written record; therefore, up to the colonial times, composing history of the region is extremely troubling. There are two main hypotheses about origins of the local people. First states that there were three waves of migration into the region. The original inhabitants were the Batwa pygmies, which were later pushed up deeper and deeper into mountainous zones by successful waves of conquerors. Subsequently, the region was claimed by the Butu, who seemed to be mostly agricultural people. The final, third migration was composed by the Miyazenga, who invaded the region from the North, conquered it and reduced the previous population into status of the serfs. Another theory says that the kingdom of Bugongo formed gradually, first from individual villages, then clans and finally into an unified state; and that Batwa, Butu and Miyazenga were originally social classes, that only gained distinctive identities as differences between them grew.
The area was annexed by the Great Britain in 1881, however little was changed in social and political structure of the country. In 1920, there were only 30 British living in the entire dominion, with administration and governance of the region falling onto the Miyazenga. Colonialism opened the way for the Miyazenga elites to access western education, as well as for Christianization of the region by successive waves of missionary activity.
Following the WW II, Bagongo became a trust territory with an eventual goal of gaining independence. The early 60s brought a wave of ethnic terrorism with militant Butu activists killing the Miyazenga in terrorist acts. First twenty years Bagongo spent as a monarchy ruled by King John I until the monarch was toppled following the mass protests in 1985.
Gen. Mugerwa, 2016
The military however was almost always distinctively dominated by the Miyazenga, and following the fall of Miyazenga monarchy members of said ethnic group became extremely concerned about their future. With ever - present legislative gridlock and brawls in the parliament being an usual procurance, in 1998 the military staged a coup under leadership of Colonel Paul Mugerwa, who self - promoted himself to two star general after taking power. Mugerwa's presidency, while a period of relative economic growth, was also a period of extreme favoritism towards the Miyazenga. It wasn't however until Mudiay decided to go against the big business that his opponents got a will to stand up. In 2012, the capital was rocked by a color revolution, which ultimately forced Mugerwa to flee the capital.
It was not the end of the political troubles, however. Michael Zuluka, who became president following Mugerwa's flight, proven to be extremely corrupt and merely a puppet in hands of his vice president, Arthur Bukenya. Meanwhile, Paul Mugerwa was reorganizing the Miyazenga - who did not want to give away their privileges - in border regions of Yughanna. In 2014 Mugerwa's loyalists - now named FROLIBO (front for liberation of Bagongo) invaded from Yughanna, seizing control of huge chunks of South-Eastern province in the process. Subsequent government counteroffensive proven to be in vain, as most of the military brass, being Miyazenga, had defected to FROLIBO, leaving Bagongo Defense Force as unorganized, underpaid mass. Subsequent three years brought little gains for either side, but were rich in human right abuses.
In 2017, in the city of Gola a Organisation for Cooperation in Afrka -broken cease fire was signed. From that time on, both sides remain in permanent ceasefire. One of the main points of the accords included free and democratic elections, which however were often boycotted; but created the current unstable two party system with Bagongo People's Party (Butu - dominated) and Bagongo Freedom Party (Miyazenga - dominated).
Map of Democratic Republic of Bagongo. Orange line signifies line of control between FROLIBO and the Government.
There is only one main ethnic group in Bagongo, and that's the BwaKunga. However the BwaKunga is divided into three main sub-groups, Miyazenga, Butu and Batwa. Batwa, a pygmy peoples inhabiting mostly mountainous areas, constitute around 2% of Bagongolese population. Miyazenga, the second smallest sub-group, constitute 34% of the population. The largest group, Butu make almst 63% of the population and 1% is made of other, smaller groups.
Anthropologists until today dispute what actually differs Butu from Miyazenga, as both groups speak the same language and have akin cultures. In the old days, when a Butu became successful, he simply became a Miyazenga. This had led many scholars to believe that Butu and Miyazenga are less ethnicites as much as social classes; others however believe that they have documented genetic differences between the Miyazenga and the Butu; according to them, the Miyazenga were originally invaders from afar, who over the time subjugated the local population, but accepted their culture and language, thus becoming indistinguishable by other means than social status.
Traditional Bagongolese culture created a complex system of believes to justify the ethnic discrimination. In the traditional structure of BwaKunga society, the Batwa were considered to be "dirtiest" because they worked closest to Earth; the Butu were considered to be less dirty than Batwa, but still less clean than Miyazenga. Thus, the Miyazenga often believe the Butu to be "dirty" or "impure" and use those concepts to justify ethnic discrimination against the Butu.
The offical spoken languages of Bagongo are BwaKungo and English. Most of the population, except in the deepest rural areas, is bi-lingual.
85% of Bagongolese practice some form of Christianity. Largest denomination is the Congregational Church of Bagongo (39%) followed closely by the Roman Catholic Church (33%). Around 11% of the population practices Evangelical/Pentecostal Christianity (which is the fastest growing religion in the country) while about 12% practices the Folk religion. 3% of the population have no religion, 2% of the population is involved with the Jehovah Witnesses, 1% practices Islam while the remaining 12% includes minor churches and other religious groups.
Almost all Bagongolese are of Black African race.
Metro area population
Democratic Republic of Bagongo is a presidental republic with a clear tripartite division of powers. The current acting president is Michael Zuluka (or, according to FROLIBO claim, Paul Mugerwa).
National assembly of Bagongo has 426 seats and is composed of 238 Constituency Representatives, 112 District Woman Representatives, 10 Bagongo Defense Forces Representatives, 5 Representatives of the Youth, 5 Representatives of Persons with Disabilities, 5 Representatives of Workers, and 13 ex officio Members. Currently, Bagongo People's Party claims 190 seats: Bagongo Freedom Party, 150 seats; Bagongo Peace Party 8 seats, Bagongo Democratic Congress 2 seats, while 66 seats belong to independents and 10 to the military. The results of the elections are, however, of dubious value, as electoral violence, intimidation, gerrymandering and corruption are an everyday occurrence.
See: Front for Liberation of Bagongo (FROLIBO)
GDP (nominal) per capita: