by Max Barry

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9

Foreign relations of Azania

As the largest nation in Africa with the third-largest economy in the world, Azania is recognised as a major player on the geopolitical stage. A founding member of the United Nations, Azania has ongoing diplomatic relations with virtually all sovereign states in the world. The country hosts embassies and diplomatic missions from all other nations, except North Korea. Azania itself has diplomatic postings across the planet, with a total of 200 missions in other nations, along with another 184 embassies under the oversight of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, which manages the country's foreign affairs policies. Azania is a member of several international organisations, such as the African Union, the G8 and the G20, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organisation, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone.

Historically, Azania sought to maintain an independent foreign policy that ensured the continued sovereignty of the state from much larger and more powerful global empires, such as the ones once maintained by the United Kingdom and France. However, following the end of World War I, Azania adopted a much more aggressive geopolitical stance that saw it depart from its old, isolationist views, and move toward a policy of intervening in any conflicts it deemed a threat to its national security and geopolitical interests. To ensure it had a place in the new global order of nations, Azania entered into World War II on the side of the Allies. Throughout the Cold War, Azania maintained a stance of neutrality, and under the Luthuli Doctrine sought to ensure the political and economic independence and stability of Africa. This drew Azania into several conflicts across the continent, spanning several decades, with some of these ongoing.

As the largest, wealthiest, and most industrialised state within the African Union, Azania has historically exerted hegemonic influence over the continent's politics.

Africa

State

Formal relations began

Notes

Algeria

1962

Throughout the Algerian War of Independence, Azania provided military, technical and material assistance to Algeria. Algeria was a beneficiary of Azania's African Development Scheme (ADS), receiving over US$800 million in developmental aid between 1965 and 1990. The two countries have a long history of cooperation and are regarded as close allies.

  • Algeria has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Algiers.

Benin

1960

The two nations have had an excellent history of relations in the years since Benin's independence. During the Beninese Civil War, Azania supported the Beninese government against the People's Revolutionary Party of Benin. The war lasted three years and ended with a peace settlement between the government and the PRPB. Benin was a beneficiary of the ADS. From 1969 to 1992, Azanian assistance focused on industrial and agricultural development.

  • Benin has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Cotonou.

Burkina Faso

1984

Relations between the two countries were initially strained, a result of the Franco-Azanian conflict that defined the politics of Cold War-era West Africa. The Azanian government established relations with the government of Thomas Sankara shortly after he seized power in the country. Azania supported Burkina Faso during the Agacher Strip War, which ultimately culminated in the deposition of Malian dictator Moussa Traoré. As a beneficiary of the African Development Scheme, Burkina Faso received extensive technical assistance from Azania, mainly in the form of industrial development.

  • Burkina Faso has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Ouagadougou.

Burundi

1954

Following the Second World War, Tanganyika, which consisted of modern-day Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi, was classified as a United Nations Trust Territory under Azanian administrative authority. After nine years of preparations, Tanganyika became independent in 1954, broken up along traditional lines as the independent Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Burundi and Republic of Rwanda. Burundi and Azania have had excellent relations since 1954.

  • Burundi has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Gitega.

Cameroon

1960

Like with many former French colonies in Africa, relations between Cameroon and Azania were initially strained. Cameroon's foreign policy followed that of France, and the country relied heavily on France for its defence. France heavily supported Cameroon during the authoritarian regimes of Ahmadou Ahidjo and his successor Paul Biya, supplying the country with arms and training its military. Biya was deposed in the 1985 Cameroonian coup d'état and was succeeded by Bello Bouba Maigari. With the introduction of multi-party politics in 1987, Cameroon moved away from the French sphere of influence.

  • Cameroon has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Yaoundé.

Cape Verde

1975

Relations between Azania and Cape Verde are cordial and have strong historical roots. Ties between Azania and Cape Verde are documented as early as the 1840s when Azanian ships on anti-slavery patrols in West Africa routinely anchored in Cape Verdean ports. Cape Verde was a beneficiary of the ADS, and Azania provided humanitarian aid and economic assistance to Cape Verde in the period immediately following Cape Verde's independence. Azania's largest foreign military base, Naval Base Praia, is located in Cabo Verde, which serves as the homeport of the Azanian Second Fleet.

  • Cape Verde has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Praia.

  • Azania maintains a naval base in Praia.

Central African Republic

1960

Azania militarily intervened in Central Africa in 1972, toppling Jean-Bédel Bokassa's French-backed regime with the support of Centrafricaine rebels. After a period of negotiation between various Centrafricaine political organisations, the CAR transitioned to a multi-party democracy with its first elections in 1974 and subsequently became a beneficiary of the ADS. The Azanian military's Central Africa Command is headquartered in Bangui.

  • Relations were enhanced in 1979.

  • The Central African Republic has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Bangui.

  • Azania maintains several military bases in Bangui.

Chad

1960

  • Chad has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in N'Djamena.

Côte d'Ivoire

1960

  • Côte d'Ivoire has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Yamoussoukro.

Congo

1910

Relations between Congo-Kinshasa and Azania are positive and span over a century. From the end of the Congo War in 1905 to 1910, Congo-Kinshasa was under Azanian administration. During this period, Azania undertook the task of preparing the country for independence. Between 1910 and 1940, Azania invested heavily in the development of the Congo, providing aid to the tune of over US$100 billion in 2021 USD. Visa-free travel is permitted to and from the Congo, and both countries signed a free trade agreement in the 1930s.

  • Congo-Kinshasa has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Kinshasa.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

1962

  • DR Congo has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Brazzaville.

Egypt

1922

  • Relations were enhanced in 1953.

  • Egypt has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Cairo.

  • Azania supported Egypt diplomatically during the Suez Crisis and the Six-Day War.

Equatorial Guinea

1968

  • Equatorial Guinea has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Malabo.

Ethiopia

1900

  • Ethiopia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Addis Abba.

Ghana

1960

Both nations have generally been friendly since Ghana's independence, except for a period of strained relations during the later years of the Nkrumah regime. Azania invaded Ghana after Nkrumah was deposed in 1966 by the National Liberation Council (NLC), establishing a provisional government after the defeat of NLC forces. Azania assisted the country during its preparation for the election scheduled to be held in 1968 and provided electoral oversight during the 1968 election, which culminated in Ghana's transition to multi-party democracy.

  • Ghana has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Accra.

Guinea

1958

While initially positive, Azania-Guinea relations became increasingly strained as Ahmed Sékou Touré strengthened his grip on the country. For most of the Touré regime, Guinea relied heavily on Soviet aid due to its isolation from both Azania and the West. Azania cited Touré's totalitarian rule of Guinea as a justification for its invasion of the country in 1978. After the quick defeat of his forces in Conakry, Touré fled to neighbouring Mali and, with material support from Mali and the Soviet Union, directed an insurgency against the Gouvernement National Provisoire, the provisional Guinean government established after his deposition. Touré's insurgency complicated democratisation efforts in Guinea, and his forces only surrendered after his assassination in 1980. Azanian forces withdrew from Guinea following the country's first democratic elections in 1982. Guinea joined the African Union shortly thereafter and subsequently became a beneficiary of the ADS. Since then, Azania and Guinea have maintained excellent relations.

  • Guinea has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Conakry.

Guinea-Bissau

1973

  • Guinea-Bissau has a consulate in Luanda.

  • Azania has an embassy in Bissau.

Kenya

1963

  • Relations enhanced in 1964.

  • Kenya has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Nairobi.

Liberia

1947

The official Azanian presence in Liberia is expanding following decades of limited staffing, reflecting the general improvement in relations between the two countries. Despite Liberian overtures to the Azanian government, Azania refused to establish relations with Liberia upon its independence in 1847 due to Liberia's discriminatory policies toward its native African population; Americo-Liberian settlers maintained social, economic and political dominance, repeating patterns of European colonists elsewhere on the continent. Relations between the two countries would be nonexistent until they exchanged ambassadors in 1947, a century after Liberia's founding. The rise of Samuel Doe's government, the Liberian Civil War, and the resulting regional instability and human rights abuses worsened the already frigid relations between Azania and Liberia. In 2010, the re-establishment of the Azanian embassy in Monrovia marked the normalisation of Liberian-Azanian relations.

  • Liberia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Monrovia.

Libya

Relations are today cordial and cooperative, though for decades prior to the 2011 Libyan Civil War the countries were not on good terms and often engaged in armed conflict.

  • Libya has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has a consulate in Misrata.

Madagascar

1947

  • Madagascar has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Antananarivo.

Mali

1960

  • Mali has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Bamako.

Mauritania

1991

  • Mauritania has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Nouakchott.

Morocco

1956

  • Morocco has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Rabat.

Niger

1960

Like with many other former French colonies, bilateral relations between Azania and Niger were initially strained, and at times openly hostile. From 1960 to 1974 Niger was run by a single-party civilian regime under the presidency of Hamani Diori. The Diori regime maintained extremely close ties with France, even supporting France in the Algerian War. Relations were severed completely after Diori was overthrown by a small group of military officials called the Conseil Militaire Supreme (CMS), led by Col. Seyni Kountché. Kountché ruled the country until 1976 when he was forcefully removed from office by the CMS. Mamadou Tandja, who was selected to succeed Kountché, reestablished relations with Azania and began moving the country away from French influence. Azania assisted Niger during the transitionary period from 1977 to 1980 and provided electoral oversight during the country's first democratic elections in 1980. Since then, Azania and Niger have enjoyed close relations.

  • Niger has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Niamey.

Nigeria

1960

  • Relations were enhanced in 1963.

  • Nigeria has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Abuja.

Rwanda

1954

  • Rwanda has an embassy in Ushirikiano

  • Azania has an embassy in Kigali

São Tomé and Príncipe

1975

  • São Tomé and Príncipe has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in São Tomé.

Western Sahara

1976

  • Western Sahara has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Laayoune.

Senegal

1960

  • Senegal has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Dakar.

Sierra Leone

1998

  • Sierra Leone has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Freetown.

Somalia

1949

Following World War II, Azania retained control of both British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland as protectorates. In 1945, during the Potsdam Conference, the United Nations granted Azania trusteeship of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland as the Trust Territory of Somaliland. To the extent that Azania held the territory by UN mandate, the trusteeship provisions gave the Somalis the opportunity to gain experience in political education and self-government.

  • Somalia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Mogadishu.

South Sudan

2011

  • South Sudan has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Juba.

  • Azania supported the South Sudanian independence movement.

Sudan

1956

  • Sudan has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Khartoum.

Tanzania

1951

  • Tanzania has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Dar-es-Salaam.

Togo

1960

  • Togo has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Lomé.

Tunisia

1950

  • Tunisia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Tunis.

Uganda

1962

  • Uganda has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Kampala.

Americas

State

Formal relations began

Notes

Antigua and Barbuda

1 November 1981

  • Antigua and Barbuda has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in St Johns.

Argentina

17 October 1903

  • Argentina has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Buenos Aires.

Barbados

30 November 1966

  • Barbados has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Bridgetown.

Belize

21 September 1981

  • Belize has a consulate in Luanda.

  • Azania has an embassy in Belmopan.

Bolivia

18 January 1901

  • Bolivia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

Brazil

4 November 1891

  • Brazil has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Brasilia.

Canada

6 September 1908

  • Canada has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Ottawa.

Chile

16 July 1889

  • Chile has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Santiago.

Colombia

5 June 1901

  • Colombia has a consulate in Cape Town.

  • Azania has a consulate in Medellin.

Cuba

20 May 1902

  • Relations were severed in 1971,
    and restored in 1998.

  • Cuba has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Havana.

Dominica

3 November 1978

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1978

Guyana

26 May 1966

  • Relations were enhanced in 1970

  • Guyana has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Georgetown.

Mexico

12 March 1899

  • Mexico has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Mexico City.

Panama

4 November 1903

  • Panama has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Panama City.

Peru

20 September 1901

  • Peru has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Lima.

St Vincent and the Grenadines

27 October 1979

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1979
    Azania is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines by its embassy in Bridgetown.

Suriname

25 November 1975

  • Suriname has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Paramaribo.

Trinidad and Tobago

1 August 1973

  • Relations were enhanced in 1976.

  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Port of Spain.

United States

6 December 1886

  • United States has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Washington, DC.

Uruguay

11 April 1901

  • Uruguay has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Montevideo.

Venezuela

27 April 1901

  • Venezuela has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Caracas.

Asia

State

Formal relations began

Notes

Armenia

21 September 1991

  • Armenia is accredited to Azania through it's embassy in Cairo.

  • Azania is accredited to Armenia through its embassy in Kyiv.

China

7 December 1998

  • China has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Beijing.

India

15 August 1947

  • Relations were enhanced in 1950.

  • India has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in New Dehli.

Indonesia

17 August 1945

  • Indonesia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Jakarta.

Iran

15 December 1925

  • Relations were severed in 1960, and restored in 1986.

  • Iran has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Tehran.

Israel*

11 May 1949

  • Israel has no official representation in Azania.

  • Azania is accredited to Israel through its embassy in Ankara.

Japan

1 May 1900

  • Japan has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Tokyo.

Kyrgyzstan

31 August 1991

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1991.

Maldives

26 July 1965

  • Maldives has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Malé.

Pakistan

23 March 1956

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1956.

  • Pakistan has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Islamabad.

Palestine

  • Palestine has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has a representative office in Ramallah.

Philippines

18 January 1955

  • Philippines has an embassy in Ushirikiano

  • Azania has an embassy in Manila

Qatar

1 September 1971

  • Qatar has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Doha.

South Korea

15 August 1948

  • South Korea has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Seoul.

Sri Lanka

4 February 1948

  • Relations were enhanced in 1978.

  • Sri Lanka has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Colombo.

Taiwan

7 December 1949

  • Taiwan has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Taipei.

Tajikistan

9 September 1991

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1991.

Turkey

29 October 1923

  • Turkey has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Ankara.

Europe

State

Formal relations began

Notes

Albania

4 April 1991

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1991.

Belarus

21 August 1991

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1991.

Bulgaria

5 October 1920

  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Sofia.

Cyprus

16 August 1960

  • Cyprus has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania is accredited to Cyprus through its embassy in Athens

Denmark

23 July 1923

  • Denmark has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Copenhagen.

Finland

6 December 1929

  • Finland has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Helsinki.

France

20 January 1912

  • France has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Paris.

Germany

10 November 1900

  • Germany has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Berlin.

Greece

10 August 1920

  • Greece has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Athens.

Ireland

6 December 1922

  • Relations were enhanced in 1949.

  • Ireland has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Dublin.

Italy

4 June 1946

  • Italy has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Rome.

Moldova

27 August 1991

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 1991.

Montenegro

4 June 2006

  • Diplomatic relations were established in 2006.

Netherlands

5 January 1817

  • Netherlands has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Amsterdam.

North Macedonia

1 October 1991

  • Azania is accredited to FYROM through its embassy in Athens.

Poland

11 November 1920

  • Poland has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Warsaw.

Portugal

25 April 1975

  • Portugal has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Lisbon.

Russia

28 February 1912

  • Russia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Moscow.

Serbia

2 April 1992

  • Serbia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania is accredited to Serbia through its embassy in Athens.

Spain

13 May 1926

  • Relations were enhanced in 1990.

  • Spain has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Madrid.

Switzerland

Ushirikiano April 1920

  • Switzerland has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Bern.

Ukraine

24 August 1991

  • Ukraine has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Kiev.

United Kingdom

5 September 1920

  • The UK has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in London.

Oceania

State

Formal relations began

Notes

Australia

3 September 1939

  • Australia has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Canberra.

Nauru

1 February 1968

  • Nauru has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania is accredited to Nauru through its embassy in Canberra.

New Zealand

25 November 1947

  • New Zealand has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania has an embassy in Wellington.

Samoa

15 December 1976

  • Samoa has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania is accredited to Samoa through its embassy in Canberra.

Solomon Islands

7 July 1978

  • Solomon Islands has an embassy in Ushirikiano.

  • Azania is accredited to the Solomon Islands through its embassy in Canberra.

FOOTNOTE: Relations with Israel were broken off in the wake of the Six-Day War, and restored in 2012. While Israel has no official presence in Azania, it is widely rumoured that Israel maintains contact with the Azanian government through the Jordanian embassy in Ushirikiano.

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