Resyjska Republika Ludowa
Reská Lidová Republika
The People's Republic of Aressna (Commonly called Aressna) is a socialist republic in United Nations of Earthlings. Aressna covers approximately 312,679 km˛ with a population of 63 million. Geo-politically, Aressna is made up of 33 Provinces, 4 Autonomous Municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions. Provinces are comprised of various urban and rural counties, making up Aressna's local government system. Aressna is a World Assembly Member Nation, as well as a citizen, and Senator of United Nations of Earthlings. The country experiences a temperate seasonal climate, and is well-renowned for its preserved natural beauty and usually enjoyable weather. Aressna's population as of 2017 is 67.6 million persons.
The nation-state of 'Aressna' has its origins in Pan-Slavism and concern at the development of European politics after the Great War. Aressna comprises of the former territories of Poland and Czechoslovakia, and as such shares their history up until its creation.
As Europe recovered from its most devastating war to date, it experienced a shift in politics. People began to realise the ineffectiveness of monarchy and the need for national and cultural identity, something not respected in the various Empires and Kingdoms. For centuries, ideals of Pan-Slavism had been preached, and many believed it could be achieved. When their rulers were unresponsive to any attempt at bettering the lives of people and attempting a federation of Slavic states, many turned to Marx and his philosophers for support, and in what is now Aressna, a fusion of Pan-Slavism and Marxism began to take a hold on the impoverished people of a new post-war period.
United Worker's Party and the Interwar period
In 1919, a group of (now Ressian) Marxist intellectuals and radicals held a conference in Bucharest, Leskya, the product of which was the United Worker's Party (UWP). UWP met again in Bucharest the following year, and began to form into a real party which would attempt to 'spread awareness of the Marxist cause to the Slavic peoples of the nations of Germany and the Austrian Empire'. It convened again 5 years later, when a leader was chosen in Oleg Brotz.
The UWP gained quick popularity among Czechoslovaks and Poles, as anti-governmental sentiment began to grow considerably as the new government of Czechoslovakia and the devastated government of Poland could not provide for the people. UWP began pulling workers under their wing, and with community aid programs, which fed and sheltered the homeless and began to radicalise workers, Poland and Czechoslovakia became a melting pot of revolutionary sentiment.
This revolutionary sentiment began to make cultures flourish, with writings and art pouring out of the lower class areas of cities and towns in the area. UWP's growing influence led to mergers with unions and other Marxist parties alike, and soon strikes began to be organised. These strikes were dealt with harshly, many being jailed indefinitely for simply peacefully protesting. By the 1929 Wall Market Crash, hundreds of strikes in many industries had been organised, however governments were not shifted. Little representation of this sentiment was felt in the parliaments of the nations, however there was echoes of revolution among the working class.
The Crash of 1929 brought hardship for all in both Poland and Czechoslovakia, and the incompetent governments of the world failed to solve the issue. UWP saw this as an opportunity to strike, the governments being weak and UWP being at the height of their popularity.
Warsaw and Prague Uprisings and the '30s
Soviet control and the Post-War period
Bucharin Era: (1969-1978)
Directly after the war, Bucharin sough to root out other counter-revolutionary movements, such as the 'Student's Association of Democratic Ressians (SADR)' and the 'Ressian Grand National Party (RGNP)'. Thousands were killed, exiled or jailed, in events collectively referred to (Outside of Aressna) as 'The Ressian Purge'. Bucharin began reforms, through his 5 Year Plans, boosting rural education, food production, employment and military strength. Bucharin sought to implement a more people-based agrarian socialism, however with significant central and personal power, effectively propelling him to a dictator. Aressna's agricultural technology was medieval, but through Bucharin's agriculture policies, the sector caught up and overtook the Western World. It should also be noted that espionage programs began in the early '70s, and that Ludwe arrested hundreds of citizens conspiring against the state. Aressna's population surpassed 40 million during Bucharin's reign. Bucharin died of cardiac arrest in early 1978, and his state funeral was to this date one of the grandest and solemn events in Aressna's history, attended by millions and watched by billions.
Post-Bucharin Era: (25th of December 1969 - 18th of July 1978)
Bucharin's will for the continuation of power in the Ressian Republic stated that a democratic election for the next leader was vital (This was added to the Constitution subsequent to Bucharin's death). This method of democratic election occurred periodically through the end of the 20th Century, seeing Ludwik Jagoda, Jeroným Opustil and Otto Rüütel respectively take the top jobs as Premier. These three men are referred to as 'The Industrials', as they sought to end Bucharin's agricultural policies and industrialise/'modernise' the nation's economy. Heavy emphasis by these leaders was placed on the importance of factories and industry to the 'future of Aressna and the domination of socialism and Marxism worldwide'. These policies more or less were kept alive throughout the 2000s and were eventually killed off with the coming to power of the current Premier Sophia Dimitrova.
Jagoda continued espionage programs, sending the LKSZ on missions to undermine West German governments, and used Ludwe forces to suppress dissenters. This corruption and brutality only became known after Opustil used these actions as a base for his election campaign. Jagoda was wildly unpopular, and many thought Opustil could bring real change to Aressna, as Opustil was considerably younger. Aressna certainly became more liberal under Opustil, but with the threat of Cold War intervention and constant CIA attacks, Opustil had no choice but to use espionage, corruption and lies to keep him and the Communists in power. After the defeat of the West in the Cold War, due to Aressna's growing influence and power, Opustil reversed most of these policies, and came out after his term was over (he retired after this term had ended) being quite popular with his people. Rüütel, the last leader of the 20th Century (and first of the 21st) was quite conservative, many alleged he was secretly a fascist and other things. He stepped down in 2001 after death threats were made against him, due to an alleged Ressian involvement in the 9/11 attacks in the US.
Aleksandrovna, Kapp, Novotny, Dimitrova and the 21st Century: (1978 - )
Aleksandrovna, Kapp and Novotny heralded Aressna's introduction into the 21st Century, bringing urban Aressna to the economic and social standards of the rest of the world. The economy was going strongly and was unaffected by the economic failures of the rest of the Western World, but began to decline after rural Aressna failed to meet up with the rest of Aressna.
Aressna is famous for its picture-perfect rural landscapes, with its flat, agricultural fields and winding rivers in the North, and the rolling hills, lush forests and rocky mountain ranges in the South.
The Ressian Tatra Mountains, a popular tourist
destination for hikers in Aressna's south.
The main natural attractions are the Tatra, Carparthian and Sudete Mountains, the North European Plains, the Bohemian, Białowieża, Lasy Łukowskie and Tuchola Forests, and the Vistula, Oder, Elbe, Danube and Vltava Rivers. These are all placed under respective National Parks, which aim to protect the site. These are run by the Federal Nature Reserve Bureau, which runs facilities and recruits rangers to educate, research, and preserve the glorious nature of our nation.
The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country. The climate is oceanic in the north and west and becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east. Summers are generally warm, with average temperatures between 18 and 30 °C depending on the region. Winters are rather cold, with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and −6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast. Precipitation falls throughout the year, although, especially in the east, winter is drier than summer.
According to the 2016 census, the current population of Aressna stands at 63 million. A high intake of immigration and a significant fertility rate (3.01 children per woman) contributes to the 1.6% total population increase per annum.
Women account for 50.8% of the population, men at 49.2%. Most of the population is younger than 35.
Aressna has four main ethnicities, as well as many other officially recognised minorities.
According to the 2016 census, Ressian citizens identified ethnically as: Ressian, Czech, Slovak, German, Silesian, Kashubian, Swedish, Russian, Hungarian, Ukrainian, Romany, Belarusian (and Other).
Ressian, Czech, Slovak, and German are recognised by the government as the four diplomatic languages of the nation. All Federal bodies translate text into these four languages. Road signs, depending on the part of the nation, include some or all of the above languages. All government officials must be able to sufficiently speak and understand at least three of the four official languages.
The Constitution recognises the following as national languages of Aressna: Ressian, Czech, Slovak, German (Majority Languages), Silesian, Kashubian, Russian/Ukrainian/Belarusian, Hungarian, Romany, Hebrew and Swedish (Minority Languages). School children are taught at least one of the above national languages, as well as three of the four Official Languages, and basic English.
Despite Aressna's position as a secular nation since it's inception, a majority of Ressians (51.3%) identify as religious or agnostic. A significant portion of these are Christian, a hallmark of years of Christian dominance in the area. Of the religious population, these are the most common denominations: Roman Catholicism, Orthodox Christianity, Judaism, Other Christian denominations, Islam and Buddhism.
Metro area population
Greater Prague (Autonomous Municipality)
There are three points of power within the Republic of Aressna: the legislature, represented by the People's Congress, the government represented by the State Council, and the Revolutionary Worker's Party of Aressna (RWPA), the only legal party and the ultimate policymaker in the country.
The Revolutionary Worker's Party of Aressna
The executive organ of RWPA is the Central Committee, a elected board of senior party members and government officials who are the ultimate leaders of the Party and although they are not supposed to, have extensive influence in the running of the country. The Central Committee is elected at the 5-yearly Party Congress, including the General Secretary of the Party, the Chairperson of the Central Committee and a few other ministers.
Government in Aressna
The People's Congress (successor of the Supreme Soviet and Provisional Executive Committee) is the highest state body. The People's Congress appoints the Supreme Court, the Procurator General and Deputies elect the State Council, headed by the Chairman (Premier) and managing an enormous bureaucracy responsible for the administration of the economy and society. Provincial and party structures of the constituent provinces largely emulates the structure of the central institutions. Local authorities are organized likewise into party committees, local Soviets and executive committees. While the state system is federal, the party is unitary.
The judiciary is constitutionally independent of the other branches of government. The Supreme Court supervises the lower courts (People's Court) and applies the law as established by the Constitution or as interpreted by the People's Congress. The Constitutional Oversight Committee reviews the constitutionality of laws and acts. The Ressian Republic uses the inquisitorial system of Roman law, where the judge, procurator, and defense attorney collaborate to establish the truth.
Leskya is a historically close ally of Aressna, who have committed to bilateral co-operation on many planes. Leskyan and Ressian comrades have gone into war as one many times, and Ressian athletes have trained and played under the Leskyan banner at multiple Olympics.
More information: here
Siły Zbrojne Ludowej Republiki Resyjskiej (SZR, Armed Forces of the People's Republic of Aressna) is the Armed Forces of Aressna and Revolutionary Worker's Party of Aressna. It consists of three main service branches: Wojska Lądowe (Ground Forces), Marynarka Wojenna (Navy) and Siły Powietrzne (Air Force).
SZR is run by the People's Bureau of Defence (PBD), headed by the Minister of Defence. However, the Głównodowodzący (Commander-in-Chief) has supreme power over the organsation. The Głównodowodzący is always the Premier of Aressna. The General Staff and General Administration are subordinate bodies of the PBD, dealing with organisation and planning and administration, respectively.
Conscription Laws have been in place since 1978, conscripting able-bodied 18 year-olds, regardless of gender or race, into one of the three main service branches, for a period of 18 months. There are 3,891,413 active personnel in the Armed Forces, approx. 5.7% of the population. Most personnel are part of the Land Forces, followed by the Navy and the Air Force.
Policja Federalna is the federal Police Force, a subordinate organisation of the People's Bureau for Internal Affairs, dealing with general police matters. It operates on the provincial level, with a branch of the PF for each constituent Province in Aressna.
More information: here
Biuro Ludowe Spraw Wewnętrznych, BLSW (People's Bureau for Internal Affairs, also known as Ludwe) is the government bureau responsible for Ressian internal duties. It controls many organisations, performing many duties, including border control, environment protection, counter-terrorism, automobile licencing, registration and civilian acquisition of weapons, and personal security forces.
More information: here
Biuro Ludowe Spraw Zagranicznych, BLSZ (People's Bureau for Foreign Affairs, also known as Ludza) is the government bureau responsible for Ressian foreign duties. It distributes passports and visas, undertakes intelligence operations internationally, and upholds Ressian foreign policy.
The economy of Aressna, similar to fellow socialist nations, is based on the principle of the means of production being in the hands of the people.
The inefficiency and excessive bureaucracy of a rigorous central planning system has been realised by the State Council, and efforts to liberalise and localise the economy have proved effective. The government plays less of a role in micromanagement of the economy and foreign business has flourished in Aressna's urban centres as a result of laws regulating foreign influence. Rural or less populated areas enjoy local Ressian businesses, as well as State Companies which often provide basic supplies. While admittedly anti-Marxist, this Model has proven most effective for a socialist economy while maintaining the presence of a state.
State Companies are organised under ownership of the various Bureaus of Aressna, such as Post Aressna, which is owned by the Telecommunications Bureau. A Council of Executives sets targets for the company, and overall manages the Company, answering to the State Council.
Reforms of the capitalist economy of the monarchy were began in 1970 with Bucharin's creation of the Central Planning Committee, which began to distribute resources nation-wide based on need. Bucharin's government began a series of 5-Year-Plans in various industries, striving to industrialise and modernise various sectors of Aressna's economy. These plans effectively transformed Aressna from a feudalist farming nation to an Industrial powerhouse, propelling Aressna to the global stage.
The mediocre Ressian consumer sector accounted for just under 70% of the national GDP in 2014, while the industrial and agricultural sectors contributed 30% in 2014. The labor force totaled approx. 50 million people. Major industrial products include steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, electronics, food processing, lumber, mining, and defense industries.
No worker can be sacked, unless for serious misconduct or incompetence; even in such cases, alternative work is offered. Aressna also has no system of unemployment benefit because the concept of unemployment virtually does not exist.
Aressna has recently opened itself to regional trade after years of autarky and an export based economy. State Companies have begun trading with various international markets, and the presence of foreign business has encouraged further unrestricted trade with countries such as Argentinstan and Hiram Land.
Trade between Aressna and Leskya has always been omnipresent, and the benefits on both sides has been outstanding with an increasingly positive political and economical relationship as a result of this.
Aressna's vast public transport system, called the Ressdoprava is managed by the Bureau for Transport.
A wind farm in Aressna's Northwest.
Energy in Aressna is mostly managed by the State Electricity Corporation (SEC), which provides most of Aressna's grid electricity. The energy infrastructure is developed and extensive, providing Aressna with reliable and quality service. 94.2% of Aressna's electricity is sourced from renewable energy, hydroelectricity, solar power, wind power and tidal power being among the most widespread. The rest is sourced from Aressna's nuclear power plants and a few coal power plants.
The State Council, the Bureau for Environmental Protection and Water Management, and the Bureau for Energy aim to get Aressna's grid to 99% renewable energy by 2022, something they are well on track to completing.
Pre-Revolution Ressian energy was not nationalised and mostly consisted of coal power plants and natural gas, or whatever the farmers burnt to keep themselves warm. Bucharin's Nuclear Energy plan aimed to turn Aressna to relying on Nuclear Fission energy, however after the incident at Chernobyl, and relentless protesting by environmentalists and locals, the Plants were wound down or closed. The recent advancement in Nuclear Fusion as a low-risk, low-waste solution has popularised nuclear energy again, but the recent focus of environmentalism and sustainability has meant it isn't a primary source for Aressna's energy.