Resyjska Republika Ludowa
Reská Lidová Republika
Aressna (Reske: Resja), officially Narodva Republika de Resja People's Republic of Aressna) is a parliamentary multi-party socialist republic bordering TBD and TBD on the TBD continent. Aressna proper is made up of 25 Provinces which serve a central government in the national capital of Satomolk (Krakow). The modern People's Republic arose from the poor conditions of peasants in the waning years of the Kingdom of Resja. The foundations of the nation's society are based on principles of socialism and multiculturalism The population of the country stands at 63 million as of 2018, a majority being of Tareske ethnicity.
Since the establishment of the Republic during the Soviet-Polish War and ensuing Polish Civil War, the country has experienced exponential economic growth, becoming a political and economic power. The new communist government revolutionised the national economy, forming the new nation of Aressna into a self-sufficient powerhouse.
The dominance of the communist Revolutionary Worker's Party began to wane in the 80s as a new generation of free though and liberal ideas took hold. Conflict and tensions rose in the late 80s, on the brink of civil war. The Soviet Union intervened to restore order and called the election of a new government in the early 90s. Lead by Loseva Aleksandrovna, the new government introduced reforms and referendums which began multi-party politics in Aressna. Since then, Aressna has undergone a new period of stability of growth, marked by heightened involvement in international markets, and the introduction of International Economic Zones (IEZs) for foreign businesses to operate in the nation.
Aressna is now a member nation of the World Assembly and the United Forum of Nations. The country experiences a temperate seasonal climate, and is well-renowned for its preserved natural beauty and usually enjoyable weather.
The idea of a Ressian nation-state came to be in the aftermath of the 1848 revolutions. Czechs, Slovaks and Poles, minorities in empires which controlled their homelands were introduced to ideas of nationalism, unified by their socioeconomic status and common plights.
In 1893, the United Labour Party (ULP) was formed by Marxist radicals in Krakow, striving to unite Western Slavs under one banner, and achieving independence from the empires of Germany, Russia, and the Habsburgs. Founding members had split from Józef Piłsudski's Polish Socialist Party (PLP), disagreeing with PLP's nationalism.
They quickly became a thorn in the side of the Russian Empire in particular, who's great power had begun to wane. After merging with other Polish and Czech communist parties, ULP became a big tent organisation for the internationalist left. Wishing to differentiate from ULP's radical ideas and gain support from the governments of Britain and France, PLP began to move further to the right, embracing ideas of militarism and patriotism.
As the Eastern Front of the Great War raged, PLP and ULP had chosen sides. PLP worked with the Central Powers, who promised them independence in return for service and support. ULP, on bad terms with the Russian Empire, began talks with the Western Entente to establish a Ressian nation, however intervention from Russia lead to talks breaking down.
After the war, the nations of Poland and Czechoslovakia were established. PLP formed government in Poland, however was unpopular in the international community due to past involvement with the Central Powers. ULP had grown in size in the years following the October Revolution of 1917, as PLP discarded many socialist ideals and living conditions didn't improve.
PLP began expanding eastward, taking advantage of the rather weak Soviet republics that had formed in the Ukraine. By 1919, tensions had reached a breaking point, as the Soviet border was being encroached. Vladimir Lenin, leader of Soviet Russia at the time, felt that PLP and their grip on Poland was the one thing keeping the Red Army from helping socialist movements in Western Europe.
Soviet-Polish War and Polish Civil War
As Lenin's Red Army was on the front foot in their own Civil War, their forces swept westward through the no man's land of Ukraine, pushing back Polish-allied forces and eventually evening out to a defined frontier, west of Kiev. Border skirmishes continued as Poland attempted to antagonise Soviet forces. Pilsudski launched the Kiev Offensive, attempting to strike deeper into Ukraine. The offensive was ineffective, and lead to a Soviet counter attack, joined by ULP paramilitaries as the Soviets pushed back into Poland, all the way to Pilsudski's capital of Warsaw.
Tricolour raised over Warsaw Sejm
ULP and the Red Army were poised to strike Warsaw, as Western interest in the war bloomed. Britain sided with the socialists, distrusting PLP's Central Powers involvement. Soviet/ULP forces attacked Warsaw in the hours after Britain sided with Soviet Russia, and the Poles were decimated. Proto-Ressian flags were raised above Polish government houses, as many citizens fled west, fearing the advance of communism.
Severely defeated at Warsaw, the Polish Army withdrew to the south and west, and as the Red Army chased them, fighting spilt over into Czechoslovakia, which had been experiencing social tensions under a fascist government. ULP-aligned groups in Bratislava and Nitra had waged war against the Czechoslovak government, which was suddenly drawn into the conflict. Unprepared from the sudden onset of the Red Army and ULP attacks, the Czechoslovak and Polish armies were decimated, and the fascist Czechoslovak government fled to Paris.
As ULP began to gain control of the region and war continued to rage, a socialist Ressian government was formed, based closely on the Soviet model. Melchior Kubat, a younger ULP member and Marxist intellectual, came to power as the new nation's first leader.
United Labour Party and the Interwar period
Warsaw and Prague Uprisings and the '30s
Economic decline and protests
Liberalisations and the referendum of 1990
Aressna's sovereign territory stretches across multiple geographical regions, from the North European Plain south to the Tatras and the basin of the Elbe east to the Northwestern Carpathians in Slovakia and Southern Poland.
The Ressian Tatra Mountains, a popular tourist
destination for hikers in Aressna's south.
Topographical map of Aressna and surrounds
In the far north is the Baltic Sea coast, pockmarked by coastal lakes, lagoons and bays, stretching from the Bay of Pomerania to the Gulf of Gdansk. This area is a vital asset of the Ressian economy, linking southern industry to the ocean. In between the coast and the Carpathian and Tatra mountain ranges is the eastern portion of the North European Plain, dominated by farmland.
To the south of the plains is a hilly region comprising lake districts featuring moraine and moraine-dammed lakes. The Bohemian region is a basin for the Elbe river, surrounded by low mountains. The mountains in the south-east provide the sources of many of the important rivers of Central Europe such as the Oder and Vistula, as well as providing income from tourist activity in skiing and hiking.
The main natural attractions are the Tatra, Carparthian and Sudete Mountains, the North European Plain, the Bohemian, Białowieża, Lasy Łukowskie and Tuchola Forests, and the Vistula, Oder, Elbe, Danube and Vltava Rivers. Places of natural beauty and mostly untouched landscapes are organised into State Parks, administrated by the State Nature Reserve Directorate (under the Environmental Protection and Water Management Bureau).
The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country. The climate is oceanic in the north and west and becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east. Summers are generally warm, with average temperatures between 18 and 30 °C depending on the region. Winters are rather cold, with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and −6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast. Precipitation falls throughout the year, although, especially in the east, winter is drier than summer.
According to the 2016 census, the current population of Aressna stands at 67.6 million. A high intake of immigration and a significant fertility rate (3.01 children per woman) contributes to the 1.6% total population increase per annum.
Women account for 50.8% of the population, men at 49.2%. Most of the population is younger than 35.
Aressna has four main ethnicities, as well as many other officially recognised minorities.
According to the 2016 census, Ressian citizens identified ethnically as: Polish, Czech, Slovak, German, Silesian, Kashubian, Swedish, Russian, Hungarian, Ukrainian, Romany, Belarusian (and Other).
Polish, Czech, Slovak, and German are recognised by the government as the four diplomatic languages of the nation. All Federal bodies translate text into these four languages. Road signs, depending on the part of the nation, include some or all of the above languages. All government officials must be able to sufficiently speak and understand at least three of the four official languages.
The Constitution recognises the following as national languages of Aressna: Polish, Czech, Slovak, German (Majority Languages), Silesian, Kashubian, Russian/Ukrainian/Belarusian, Hungarian, Romany, Hebrew and Swedish (Minority Languages). School children are taught at least one of the above national languages, as well as three of the four Official Languages, and basic English.
A growing number of Ressians (41.3%) identify as religious or agnostic. A significant portion of these are Christian, a hallmark of years of Christian dominance in the area. Of the religious population, these are the most common denominations: Roman Catholicism, Orthodox Christianity, Judaism, Other Christian denominations, Islam and Buddhism.
Religious freedom was largely given in the years following Bucharin's death. During Bucharin's rule organised religion was outlawed. Religious ceremonies were personal or were held in buildings which bribed or supported the regime. In 1970, the Union Eastern Orthodox Church was established by the Pánková government as an amalgamation of various Eastern Christian churches, followed by the opening of synagogues and mosques in a time known as the 'Rebirth period'. Since then, supported by immigration influxes and a re-connection with cultural heritages, the religious population increased.
Ressian Provinces, Municipalities, Regions and Territories.
Metro area population
Greater Prague (Autonomous Municipality)
Kubatsberg (Autonomous Municipality)
Greater Bratislava (Autonomous Municipality)
Warsaw skyline at night
Waterfront view of the Gdansk University of Technology and other buildings.
The People's Republic of Aressna is a unitary socialist republic under a parliamentary and representative democratic system. After the emergence of Loseva Aleksandrovna as a political figure in the 1990s, Aressna experienced reforms which abolished its one-party socialist system, replacing it with a 'New Socialism', often referred to as '21st Century Socialism' after the continuation of the reforms into the 21st Century.
The political framework of the system is derived from the original Manifesto of the United Labour Party and its demands to the Polish and Czechoslovak governments in the 1920s. This original document formed the basis of future constitutions, the latest revision being the 1991 Constitution.
Amendments to the Constitution require a two-thirds majority in the People's Congress, as well as affirmation from a referendum of Ressian citizens.
The Premier of Aressna is Aressna's head of state. The Premier wields supreme executive power and is the highest office of state. The incumbent, Sophia Dimitrova is serving her fourth year of a six-year term. The Premier concurrently holds the office of Chairman of the State Council, the head of the country's highest executive body, as well as the office of Głównodowodzący (Commander-in-Chief) of the Armed Forces.
The State Council, headed by its Chairperson, the Premier of Aressna, is the supreme executive body in the nation. It convenes twice weekly, on Monday and Friday. It consists of the head of state, various administrators, secretaries and ministers of the government (collectively known as State Councillors). Ministers are appointed via election by deputies of the People's Congress, candidates being fielded by the various Ressian political parties.
The Premier and Secretary of the Council have the power to dismiss any sitting members of said Council, pending consent from a plenary sitting of a People's Congress Internal Affairs Committee.
Related article: People's Congress
The People's Congress (successor of the Supreme Soviet and Provisional Executive Committee) is the unicameral national legislative body. Deputies are the elected members of the Congress and represent local county-electorates. They have the power to;
Justices of the Supreme Court
the State Councillors of the State Council
Bills concerning national, local and international affairs
Bills proposing changes to the Constitution
Bills concerning provincial and county governance
Condemnations/Commendations against governments or people
National opinion regarding current events
States of war or threats of war
Dismiss many high offices in the country, including the Premier
dismiss the Premier and others
The judiciary is constitutionally independent of the other branches of government. The Supreme Court supervises the lower courts (People's Court) and applies the law as established by the Constitution or as interpreted by the People's Congress. The Constitutional Oversight Committee reviews the constitutionality of laws and acts. The Ressian Republic uses the inquisitorial system of Roman law, where the judge, procurator, and defense attorney collaborate to establish the truth.
Related Article: Armed Forces
Siły Zbrojne Ludowej Republiki Resyjskiej (SZR, Armed Forces of the People's Republic of Aressna) is the Armed Forces of Aressna and Revolutionary Worker's Party of Aressna. It consists of three main service branches: Wojska Lądowe (Ground Forces), Marynarka Wojenna (Navy) and Siły Powietrzne (Air Force).
SZR is run by the People's Bureau of Defence (PBD), headed by the Minister of Defence. However, the Głównodowodzący (Commander-in-Chief) has supreme power over the organsation. The Głównodowodzący is the Premier of Aressna. The General Staff and General Administration are subordinate bodies of the PBD, dealing with organisation and planning and administration, respectively.
Conscription Laws have been in place since 1962, conscripting able-bodied 18 year-olds, regardless of gender or race, into one of the three main service branches, for a period of 18 months. There are 3,891,413 active personnel in the Armed Forces, approx. 5.7% of the population. Most personnel are part of the Land Forces, followed by the Navy and the Air Force.
Policja Federalna is the federal Police Force, a subordinate organisation of the People's Bureau for Internal Affairs, dealing with general police matters. It operates on the provincial level, with a branch of the PF for each constituent Province in Aressna.
Related Article: BLSW
Biuro Ludowe Spraw Wewnętrznych, BLSW (People's Bureau for Internal Affairs, also known as Ludwe) is the government bureau responsible for Ressian internal duties. It controls many organisations, performing many duties, including border control, environment protection, counter-terrorism, automobile licencing, registration and civilian acquisition of weapons, and personal security forces.
Related Article: BLSZ
Biuro Ludowe Spraw Zagranicznych, BLSZ (People's Bureau for Foreign Affairs, also known as Ludza) is the government bureau responsible for Ressian foreign duties. It distributes passports and visas, undertakes intelligence operations internationally, and upholds Ressian foreign policy.
The economy of Aressna, similar to fellow socialist nations, is based on the principle of the means of production being in the hands of the people.
The inefficiency and excessive bureaucracy of a rigorous central planning system has been realised by the State Council, and efforts to liberalise and localise the economy have proved effective. The government plays less of a role in micromanagement of the economy and foreign business has flourished in Aressna's urban centres as a result of laws regulating foreign influence. Rural or less populated areas enjoy local Ressian businesses, as well as State Companies which often provide basic supplies. While admittedly anti-Marxist, this Model has proven most effective for a socialist economy while maintaining the presence of a state.
State Companies are organised under ownership of the various Bureaus of Aressna, such as Post Aressna, which is owned by the Telecommunications Bureau. A Council of Executives sets targets for the company, and overall manages the Company, answering to the State Council.
After the establishment of the socialist republic and the beginning of Kubat's leadership, the country experienced successive national Plans to boost economic growth and modernise agricultural practices. The establishment of the State Planning Directorate, which coordinated economic planning nationally, was during this period.
The mediocre Ressian consumer sector accounted for just under 70% of the national GDP in 2014, while the industrial and agricultural sectors contributed 30% in 2014. The labor force totaled approx. 50 million people. Major industrial products include steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, electronics, food processing, lumber, mining, and defense industries.
No worker can be sacked, unless for serious misconduct or incompetence; even in such cases, alternative work is offered. Aressna also has no system of unemployment benefit because the concept of unemployment virtually does not exist.
Aressna has recently opened itself to regional trade after years of autarky and an export based economy. State Companies have begun trading with various international markets, and the presence of foreign business in municipial areas has encouraged further trade.
The Government of Aressna holds a monopoly on all land in Aressna. As such, infrastructure is an important topic of the State Council. Major projects are discussed in the State Council. Projects are usually introduced and managed by the People's Bureau for Transport, such as 2015's Upper Silesian Metropolitan Highway Upgrade, seeking to improve highway connection in one of Aressna's most densely populated regions. Infrastructure, behind Education and Welfare, is one of the Government's largest expenditures.
Transportation, in its various forms, is managed by the Bureau for Transport. It encompasses Aerial, Rail, Road and Aquatic Transport.
Aerial transport is covered mostly by Resyjskie Linie Lotnicze (abbrev.Resline), Aressna's national flag-carrier. It services international flights, at little to no cost. Resline accounted for more than half of the Ressian international passenger population in 2018.
Resline's domestic affiliate Resyjskie Krajowe (domestic) Linie Lotnicze (abbrev. Kralot) conducts domestic flights, making up a significant majority of domestic passenger population. It runs flights at no cost to the passenger, all expenses covered by the Bureau for Transport's budget.
Aressna's airport infrastructure is vast and well-developed, thanks to improvements made in the 80s and 90s. Most major cities hold an international airport. Krakow Bucharin International Airport is by far Aressna's largest and busiest airport, servicing Aressna's capital. It was the first in the nation to begin no-cost flights, and is a major domestic hub for Resline.
Rail transport is overseen by various domestic companies and directorates, overseen by the Państwowa Spółka Kolejowa (State Railway Company abbrev. Pankol). Pankol oversees all intercity rail transport, both cargo and passenger, in both infrastructure and organisation. Pankol exclusively operates high-speed rail (as of 2018) in its passenger services.
City-level transport (known as Metro) is managed by separate local authorities, however Pankol is often involved in Metro projects providing connections to Pankol services.
A wind farm in Aressna's Northwest.
Energy in Aressna is mostly managed by the State Electricity Corporation (SEC), which provides most of Aressna's grid electricity. The energy infrastructure is developed and extensive, providing Aressna with reliable and quality service. 94.2% of Aressna's electricity is sourced from renewable energy, hydroelectricity, solar power, wind power and tidal power being among the most widespread. The rest is sourced from Aressna's few remaining nuclear and coal power plants.
The State Council, the Bureau for Environmental Protection and Water Management, and the Bureau for Energy aim to get Aressna's grid to 99% renewable energy by 2022, something they are well on track to completing.
Energy in the area at the time of the Revolution was fossil-fuel based, unreliable and in small quantity. In many isolated rural areas, there was no access to a state grid of electricity of water. Promises of the revolutionaries included an extensive new energy and water system.
Premier Taussig's Fission Plan (1969) saw a boom in the construction and use of nuclear fission power plants. Most of the country's energy was supplied by nuclear fission by the mid-80s, however concerns in the wake of the Chernobyl disaster and the discontent at Communist regimes in the late '80s and early '90s lead to the close and phasing out of most fission power plants. A few are still running, however all currently running will be closed by 2025.
A program into the development and uses of Nuclear Fusion, a low-consumption, low-waste, potentially high energy resource was launched by Premier Novotny's government in 2011. At the time of writing, the program is inconclusive, suffering from budget costs from the new Premier's government.