by Max Barry

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Overview

H O M E
The Commonwealth of Amundsensland


Overview
Capital
Roaldkyst
Largest City
Roaldkyst
Official Language(s)
Norwegian (Bokmål)
Norwegian (Nynorsk)
Population
752,364
GDP
$43.7 billion
GDP (per capita)
$58,065
Currency
Krone
GINI
25.3 (low)
HDI
0.928 (very high)
Government
Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
Established 1905
Monarch
Harald V
Visekonge
Isak Baardsen
Council of Ministers
Prime Minister
Filip Wilberg
Deputy
Trygve Rud
Opposition Frontbench
Opposition Leader
Gro Langness
Deputy
Erna Sundet


Amundsensland, officially the Commonwealth of Amundsensland, is a sovereign island nation located 240 Km to the south of the Australian mainland, separated from it by the Bass Strait. The nation encompasses the main island of Amundsensland, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding islands. The capital and largest city is Roaldkyst. As of 2021, Amundsensland has a population of 752,364, which is relatively urbanised and concentrated around the Roaldkyst area. As an island nation, Amundsensland is surrounded by ocean. The nation has a total area of 68,401 square kilometres, the main island an area of 64,519 square kilometres. Close to half of its land area, including national parks and World Heritage Sites, is protected. The main island of Amundsensland is believed to have first been settled by Aboriginal Australians roughly 40,000 years ago, and this population is thought to have been separated from mainland Australians about 12,000 years ago following rising sea levels. The Aboriginal population was close to 10,000 at the time of Norwegian settlement in 1799, but declined substantially as a result of intensive conflict with European settlers and exposure to diseases that they had no immunity against.

The main island was permanently settled by Europeans in 1799, primarily Norwegians from the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, initially as a penal colony and to prevent claims by rival colonial powers such as the Great Britain. The colony first began as Vestøya, the "West Island" of Nyt Sjaelland, a primarily Danish island colony to Amundsensland's east, but was split off in 1814 due to its distance from the North and South islands, as well as the dissolution of Denmark-Norway. Amundsensland was retained by Norway when the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway ended in 1814 and in 1905 following the dissolution of the Kingdom of Sweden-Norway. The population grew steadily even after the last shipment of convicts in 1840. In 1930 the nation adopted the name "Amundsensland", in honour of the Norwegian Antarctic explorer Roald Amundsen, who had disappeared two years earlier. Increasing levels of autonomy were granted to the fledgling colony over time, culminating in the Amundsensland Act 1942, which severed all constitutional links to the Norwegian parliament. This act, while making Amundsensland independent of Norway, did not end the monarchy, and the two countries have maintained strong ties since independence. Amundsensland has close relations with all of its neighbours, such as Nyt Sjaelland to the east and Nya Åland to the north, due to strong historical ties and the Norwegian language being partially mutually intelligible with Danish and Swedish.

As a former colony of Norway, Amundsensland is culturally closest to Scandinavia but in many respects has a unique culture. In fact, Amundsenslandic culture has become increasingly distinctive since independence from Norway; first as a result of nationalism and distance from Scandinavia, and later as a result of much higher levels of immigration. The nation is often observed to have a highly egalitarian nature. Governments of both sides of politics have devoted substantial sums to culturally significant activities such as art, dancing, music and, controversially, patriotic historical and cultural education in schools. Such cultural and historical education has attracted criticism for its unsatisfactory coverage of indigenous history and culture (and destruction of such culture following European settlement); but public awareness of such issues has increased in recent years. Generally, Amundsensland is a socially and culturally progressive nation that has embraced multiculturalism. Civil liberties are protected and celebrated internationally as a benchmark for other nations to emulate. In recent decades, the nation has introduced strong anti-discrimination protections and measures to protect victims of various types of assault, and there has been a shift in emphasis from "tough" to "tender" criminal justice and policing practices. Amundsensland was one of the first countries to provide universal suffrage and equal pay laws for women, as well as marriage equality and adoption rights for same-sex couples.

Amundsensland maintains a stable liberal democratic system of government, and is currently governed by a centre-right coalition government consisting of the Liberal People's Party, the National Coalition Party and Democrats 92. It is a unitary constitutional monarchy with King Harald V of Norway as head of state; the monarch is represented by the Visekonge, currently Isak Baardsen, and power is divided between the parliament, cabinet, and supreme court. Legislative authority is held by the Storting, a unicameral legislature of members elected using proportional representation, while executive power is held by the cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, as of 2025 Filip Wilberg. In practice, the Storting is bicameral, with a small portion of its membership nominated to sit in a quasi-upper house to revise legislation. In recent decades immigration has come to account for a substantial share of the nation's population growth, to the extent that as a proportion of the population, Amundsensland has one of the largest immigrant populations in the world. A developed country, Amundsensland is a high-income social market economy based on tripartite social-corporatist industrial relations and the Nordic model of welfare. Additionally, the nation has a system of universal healthcare and comprehensive social security, and state ownership in key industrial sectors. It has a sovereign wealth fund, capitalised by revenues from state-owned corporations involved in mining, forestry, hydroelectricity, and tourism, a significant source of income for the country. Amundsensland ranks highly in quality of life, income equality, civil liberties, education and health, and is a founding member of several important regional and global organisations, including the Oceanic Council and the United Nations. It also has observer status in the Nordic Council.

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